DHO Health Science: Anatomy and Physiology - The Endocrine System

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What does ACTH stand for?

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Medicine

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1

What does ACTH stand for?

Adrenocorticotropic hormone

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2

Where is ACTH produced?

The anterior pituitary lobe

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3

Which hormone stimulates growth and secretion of the cortex of the adrenal gland?

ACTH

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4

ACTH stimulates growth and secretion of the cortex of which gland?

Adrenal

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5

ACTH stimulates growth and secretion of the ________ of the adrenal gland.

Cortex

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6

What does TSH stand for?

Thyroid-stimulating hormone (thyrotropin)

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7

What is another name for TSH?

Thyrotropin

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8

Where is TSH produced?

The anterior pituitary lobe

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9

Which hormone stimulates the growth and secretion of the thyroid gland?

TSH

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10

What does GH stand for?

Growth hormone (somatotropin)

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11

What is another name for growth hormone?

Somatotropin

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12

Which hormone stimulates normal body growth?

GH

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13

Where is GH produced?

The anterior pituitary lobe

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14

Which hormone stimulates growth and hormone production in the ovarian follicles of female individuals, and the production of sperm in male individuals?

FSH

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15

What does FSH stand for?

Follicle-stimulating hormone

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16

Where is FSH produced?

The anterior pituitary lobe

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17

Which hormone causes ovulation and secretion of progesterone in female individuals?

LH (luteinizing hormone)

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18

What does LH stand for?

Luteinizing hormone

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19

Where is LH produced?

The anterior pituitary lobe

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20

Which hormone stimulates testicles to secrete testosterone?

ICSH

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21

What does ICSH stand for?

Interstitial cell-stimulating hormone

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22

Where is ICSH produced?

The anterior pituitary gland

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23

Which hormone stimulates the secretion of milk from mammary glands after the delivery of an infant?

LTH

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24

What does LTH stand for?

Lactogenic hormone

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25

What is another name for LTH?

Prolactin

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26

Where is LTH produced?

The anterior pituitary lobe

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27

Which hormone stimulates the production and dispersion of melanin pigment in the skin?

MSH

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28

What does MSH stand for?

Melanocyte-stimulating hormone

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29

Where is MSH produced?

The anterior pituitary lobe

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30

What is the hormone that promotes the reabsorption of water in kidneys and constricts blood vessels?

ADH

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31

What does ADH stand for?

Antidiuretic hormone

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32

What is another name for ADH?

Vasopressin

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33

What is another name for vasopressin?

ADH

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34

Where is ADH produced?

The posterior pituitary lobe

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35

Which hormone causes contraction of the uterus during childbirth and stimulates milk flow from the breasts?

Oxytocin

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36

What is another name for oxytocin?

Pitocin

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37

What is another name for pitocin?

Oxytocin

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38

Where is oxytocin produced?

The posterior pituitary lobe

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39

Which hormones increase metabolic rate; stimulate physical and mental growth; and regulate the metabolism of carbohydrates, fats, and proteins?

Thyroxine and triiodothyronine

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40

Where are thyroxine and triiodothyronine produced?

Thyroid

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41

Which hormone accelerates the absorption of calcium by the bones and lowers blood calcium levels?

Thyrocalcitonin

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42

What is another name for thyrocalcitonin?

Calcitonin

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43

Where is thyrocalcitonin produced?

Thyroid

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44

Where is calcitonin produced?

Thyroid

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45

Which hormone regulates the amount of calcium and phosphate in the blood, increases the reabsorption of calcium and phosphates from bones, stimulates kidneys to conserve blood calcium, and stimulates the absorption of calcium in the intestine?

Parathormone

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46

What does PTH stand for?

Parathyroid hormone

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47

What is another name for PTH?

Parathormone

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48

Where is PTH produced?

Parathyroid

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49

Which hormones regulate the reabsorption of sodium in the kidney and the elimination of potassium, and increase the reabsorption of water by the kidneys?

Mineralocorticoids (particularly aldosterone)

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50

What is the primary mineralocorticoid?

Aldosterone

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51

Where are mineralocorticoids produced?

Adrenal cortex

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52

Where is aldosterone produced?

Adrenal cortex

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53

Aldosterone is a type of what?

Mineralocorticoid

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54

Which hormones aid in the metabolism of proteins, fats, and carbohydrates; increase the amount of glucose in the blood; provides resistance to stress; and depress immune responses (anti-inflammatory)?

Glucocorticoids (particularly cortisol (hydrocortisone) and cortisone)

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55

What are the primary glucocorticoids?

Cortisol (hydrocortisone) and cortisone

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56

Where are glucocorticoids produced?

Adrenal cortex

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57

Where is cortisol (hydrocortisone) produced?

Adrenal cortex

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58

Where is cortisone produced?

Adrenal cortex

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59

What is another name for cortisol?

Hydrocortisone

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60

Cortisol and cortisone are types of what?

Glucocorticoids

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61

What is another name for hydrocortisone?

Cortisol

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62

What acts as sex hormones?

Gonadocorticoids

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63

What are the two types of gonadocorticoids?

Estrogen and androgen

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64

What stimulates female sexual characteristics?

Estrogen

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65

What stimulates male sexual characteristics?

Androgen

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66

Estrogen and androgen are types of what?

Gonadocorticoids

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67

Where are gonadocorticoids produced?

Adrenal cortex

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68

Where is estrogen produced?

Adrenal cortex, ovaries, and placenta

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69

Where is androgen produced?

Adrenal cortex

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70

Which hormone activates the sympathetic nervous system, and acts in times of stress to increase cardiac output and increase blood pressure?

Epinephrine

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71

What is another name for epinephrine?

Adrenaline

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72

What is the common name for epinephrine?

Adrenaline

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73

Where is epinephrine produced?

Adrenal medulla

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74

What activates the body in stressful situations only?

Norepinephrine

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75

Where is norepinephrine produced?

Adrenal medulla

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76

What is used in the metabolism of glucose (sugar) by promoting the entry of glucose into cells to decrease blood glucose levels, and promote the transport of fatty acids and amino acids (proteins) into the cells?

Insulin

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77

Where is insulin produced?

The pancreas

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78

What maintains the blood glucose level by stimulating the liver to release stored glycogen in the form of glucose?

Glucagon

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79

Where is glucagon produced?

The pancreas

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80

What are the two hormones secreted by the pancreas?

Insulin and glucagon

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81

What promotes the growth and development of sex organs in female individuals?

Estrogen

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82

Which hormone maintains the lining of the uterus?

Progesterone

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83

Where is progesterone produced?

The ovaries and placenta

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84

What are the two hormones secreted by the ovaries?

Estrogen and progesterone

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85

What stimulates growth and development of sex organs in male individuals, and stimulates the maturation of sperm?

Testosterone

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86

Where is testosterone produced?

The testes

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87

Which hormone is secreted by the testes

Testosterone

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88

What stimulates the production of lymphocytes and antibodies in early life?

Thymosin (thymopoietin)

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89

What is another name for thymosin?

Thymopoietin

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90

What is another name for thymopoietin?

Thymosin

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91

Where is thymosin produced?

Thymus

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92

Where is thymopoietin produced?

Thymus

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93

Which hormone is secreted by the thymus?

Thymosin (thymopoietin)

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94

What may delay puberty by inhibiting gonadotropic (sex) hormones, and may regulate sleep/wake cycles?

Melatonin

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95

Where is melatonin produced?

The pineal gland

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96

What may stimulate the adrenal cortex to secrete aldosterone?

Adrenoglomerulotropin

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97

Where is adrenoglomerulotropin produced?

The pineal gland

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98

What may prevent the vasoconstriction of blood vessels in the brain, and inhibits gastric secretions?

Serotonin

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99

Where is serotonin produced?

Pineal gland

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100

What are the three hormones secreted by the pineal gland?

Melatonin, adrenoglomerulotropin, and serotonin

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