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HTS

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107 Terms

1

HTS

Highway Transportation System:  It is composed of motor vehicles, streets, highways, and people

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2

Nevada Motor Vehicle Laws

a set of laws that intend to provide traffic safety in Nevada

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3

GDL

Graduated Drivers Licensing; 3-stage approach to granting full license privileges

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4

Suspension

administrative action disallowing continued use of a license for a period of time

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5

Restriction

a law or rule that limits or controls something

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6

Regulatory Sign

a range of signs that are used to indicate or reinforce traffic laws and regulations

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7

Warning Sign

a type of traffic sign that indicates a hazard ahead of the road

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8

Guide Sign

signs used to indicate locations, distances, directions, and routes

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9

Traffic Control Signs

devices placed along, bedside, or above a roadway to guide, warn, and regulate traffic

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10

Roadway Markings

lines and symbols on the roadway surface that indicate or convey official information

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11

HOV Lane

a restricted traffic lane reserved for the driver and one or more passengers

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12

Rumble Strips

raised strips across a road or along it's edge that result in a warning noise

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13

Speed Bumps

a ridge set in a road surface to control the speed of vehicles.

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14

Head Restraint

an automotive safety feature, attached to the top of each seat

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15

Key Fob

a remote control for locking/unlocking a car door

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16

Mirror Usage

proper use of side and rear-view mirrors

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17

Safety Belt

a belt fastening a person to an object (such as a car seat) to prevent falling or injury

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18

Shift Lever and Indicator

a lever that enables the driver to shift, or change, gears

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19

Emergency Flashers

lights warning other drivers of an emergency you may be in

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20

Hood Release Lever

a lever that releases the hook in the front of the car so it can pop open

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21

Odometer

an instrument for measuring the distance traveled by a vehicle

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22

Parking Brake

a latching brake that is usually used to keep the vehicle stationary

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23

Speedometer

an instrument on the vehicle's dashboard indicating its speed

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24

Steering Wheel

a wheel that a driver rotates in order to steer a vehicle

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25

Tachometer

an instrument that measures the working speed of an engine

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26

Acceleration

increase in the rate of speed of something

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27

Clutch Pedal

a pedal or lever that engages or disengages a rotating shaft and a driving mechanism

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28

Transmission

the mechanism by which power is transmitted from an engine to the wheels of a motor

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29

Turnabout

a continuously moving traffic circle that flows in one direction

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30

Angle Parking

parking the vehicle diagonally to the curb

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31

Parallel Parking

parking the vehicle parallel to the curb

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32

Perpendicular Parking

parking the vehicle at a right angle to the curb

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33

Central Vision

eyes focus straight, allowing us to drive, read, and see sharp details

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34

Peripheral Vision

what is seen on the side by the eye when looking straight ahead

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35

Depth Perception

the ability to perceive the relative distance of one's visual field

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36

SIPDE

Search, Identify, Predict, Decide, Execute

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37

Fringe Vision

used to see reference points, stay on the targeted path, and judge depth and perception

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38

Space Management

managing the road space around your car

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39

Open Zone

available space that you can see and move into

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40

Closed Zone

restricted space that you cannot move into or an area that is restricted by lack of visibility

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41

Braking Distance

the approximate distance traveled before coming to a complete stop when the brakes are applied in a vehicle moving at a specified speed

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42

Gravity

a force that pulls all objects toward the center of the earth

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43

Inertia

the tendency of an object at rest to stay at rest or of an object of motion to stay in motion

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44

Momentum

the product of velocity and mass

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45

Reaction Time

the length of time needed to apply the brake

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46

Center of Gravity

the point in a body through which the earth's gravitational force acts and around which the body's weight is evenly balanced

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47

Footprint

the mark left by a loaded tire's tread as it comes in contact with the road surface

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48

Traction

a form of friction that enables the tire to grip the roadway surface

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49

Tread

the grooved surface of a tire

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50

Glare Recovery

the time your eyes need to regain clear vision after being affected by glare

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51

Night Blindness

the ability to see well at night

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52

Active Restraint Device

restraint device that you have to engage

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53

Force of Impact

the force with which a moving object hits another object

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54

Passive Restraint Device

a safety device that is activated automatically to protect an automobile passenger at the moment of impact when a collision occurs

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55

Intersections

places where two or more streets meet or cross each other

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56

Staggered Stops

when the stop line for the right-most lane is set as far forward as possible and the stop line for the other lanes set further back

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57

Point of No Return

point beyond which a driver can no longer stop safely without entering the intersection

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58

Uncontrolled Intersection

an intersection that has no signs or signals to regulate traffic

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59

Controlled Intersection

the intersection at which traffic signals or signs determine the right of way

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60

Protected Turn

when you have the assistance of a light/signal for a turn

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61

Unprotected Turn

when you do not have the assistance of a light/signal for a turn

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62

Roundabout

a circular intersection where drivers travel counterclockwise around a center island

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63

Passing

an act or the process of moving past another vehicle or person traveling in the same direction

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64

Space Cushion

the open area around a vehicle consisting of adequate following distance between it and the vehicles ahead and behind, plus swerve paths to left and right

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65

One-way Street

a street on which vehicles should only move in one direction

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66

Two-way Street

a street that allows vehicles to travel in both directions

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67

Multi-lane Street

a street that has two or more lanes for traffic

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68

Rural Roadways

low traffic roads located in forested and rangeland settings that serve residential, recreational, and resource management use

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69

Open Range

a large area of grazing land without fences or other barriers

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70

Shoulder

reserved lane by the verge of a road or motorway; serves as an emergency stopping lane

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71

Traffic Flow

total number of vehicles passing a given point at a given time

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72

Passing

process of moving past another vehicle or person traveling in the same direction

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73

Expressway

a highway designed for fast traffic

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74

HOV

traffic lane reserved for vehicles with a driver and one or more passengers

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75

Interchanges

where drivers can cross over or under traffic and enter or exit the expressway

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76

Weave Lane

a lane used for both entering and exiting the highway

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77

Toll Plaza

a place where a driver stops to pay money before going onto a highway

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78

road Rage

violent anger caused by the stress and frustration involved in driving a motor vehicle in difficult conditions

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79

Aggressive Behavior

reactionary and impulsive behavior that often results in breaking household rules or the law

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80

Tailgate

the act of driving on a road too close to the vehicle in front, such that the distance between the two vehicles do not guarantee that stopping to avoid a collision is possible

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81

Impairment

deterioration of an individual's judgment and decrease in his or her physical ability

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82

BAC

blood-alcohol concentration; the percentage of alcohol in the bloodstream

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83

DUI

driving under the influence; the act or crime of driving while affected by alcohol or drugs

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84

Depressant

a substance that is able to diminish or reduce nervous or functional activity

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85

Stimulant

a substance that raises levels of physiological or nervous activity in the body

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86

Hallucinogen

a drug that causes hallucinations

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87

Fatigue

extreme tiredness

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88

Peer Pressure

an external force that results from peers trying to influence you to do certain things

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89

Driver Inattention

the failure to pay proper attention to the road while driving

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90

Distracted Driving

the practice of driving a motor vehicle while engaged in another activity

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91

Pedestrian

a person walking along a road or in a developed area

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92

Risk

the chance of injury, damage, or loss

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93

Tractor-Trailer

a transport vehicle consisting of a semi-tractor and attached trailer

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94

Potholes

a hole formed in the pavement, as by excessive use or by extremes of weather

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95

Frontal Collision

a traffic collision where the front ends of two vehicles hit each other in opposite directions

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96

Rear-End Collision

a traffic accident in which a vehicle crashes into the vehicle in front of it

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97

Right of Way

the privilege of having immediate use of the roadway

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98

Brake Fade

the partial or total loss of braking power used in a vehicle brake system

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99

Budget

a plan used to decide the amount of money that can be spent and how it will be spent

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100

Lease

an agreement to pay only a portion of the vehicle's cost, which is the part that you "use up" during the time you are driving the vehicle

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