Bio 2 final

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Groups of cells that are similar in both structure & function are known as ______.

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Biology

11th

148 Terms

1

Groups of cells that are similar in both structure & function are known as ______.

Tissues

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2

The type of tissue that functions to protect, support, & bind together body tissues are classified as_____.

Connective tissues

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3

_______ glands possess ducts that transport secretions onto epithelial surfaces.

Exocrine

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4

The specific type of epithelial tissue found lining organs of the digestive system such as the small intestine are _______.

Simple columnar

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5

Tendons & ligaments are classified as ______.

Dense connective (fibrous) tissue

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6

______ tissue is commonly called fat.

Adipose

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7

_____ muscle tissue has no visible striations & is found in the walls of hollow organs.

Smooth

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8

Irritability & conductivity are the two major functional characteristics of _____.

Nervous tissue

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9

The structural & functional unity of all living things is the ______.

Cell

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10

A tissue constructed as a single layer of flattened cells is known as ______.

Simple squamous epithelium

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11

Which type of tissue conducts electrochemical impulses via cells called neurons?

Nervous tissue

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12

Which type of tissue is situated in the lining of the urinary bladder & urethra where stretching occurs?

Transitional epithelium

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13

Which of the following epithelial tissues is composed of many layers of cells?

Stratified squamous epithelium *key word: stratified

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14

Bone is best described as______.

Osseous tissue

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15

Glands, such as the thyroid, that secrete their products directly into the blood rather than through ducts are classified as ______.

Endocrine

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16

What characteristic is shared by both cardiac & smooth muscle tissue?

Involuntary contractions

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17

The type of muscle found in the walls of hollow organs, such as the stomach, & in the walls of blood vessels is ______.

Smooth muscle

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18

The presence of chondrocytes indicates that a tissue is ______.

Cartilage

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19

Damaged tissues that are repaired by the same kind of cells experience a replacement process known as _______.

Regeneration

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20

Due to the cast placed on her broken leg, Kinsley's muscles have decreased in size. Which term best describes how her muscles have been affected?

Atrophy

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21

Jacinda tore her Achilles (calcaneal) tendon during a recent track meet. She has injured______.

Dense connective tissue

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22

Which of the following tissues is constructed of many collagen fibers?

Scar tissue

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23

The hypodermis, or subcutaneous tissue is represented by:

D

<p>D</p>
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24

The hair follicle is indicated by:

F

<p>F</p>
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25

The layer responsible for whorled ridges on the epidermal surfaces is indicated by:

A

<p>A</p>
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26

The arrector pili muscle is represented by:

B

<p>B</p>
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27

The gland that produces a mixture of oily substances and fragmented cells is indicated by:

C

<p>C</p>
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28

The gland that produces sweat is indicated by:

E

<p>E</p>
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29

The pleura and pericardium are examples of ____________ membranes that cover organs in a body cavity closed to the exterior

serous

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30

The ________ membrane lines the fibrous capsule surrounding joints

synovial

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31

When James shaves his face, which portion of the hair is removed?

hair shaft

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32

The sebaceous and sweat glands associated with skin are classified as _________ glands because they release secretions to the skins surface via ducts

exocrine

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33

____________ is a lubricant that keeps skin soft and moist and also contains chemicals that kill bacteria

sebum

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34

What type of burn only involves injury to superficial epidermis?

first degree

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35

Hair color is due to a pigment known as ________.

melanin

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36

The white crescent area located over the nail matrix

lunule

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37

A nurse tends to a patient with a sunburn. Upon examination, she sees blisters and red skin. What type of burn is it?

second-degree

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38

Staphylococcus infection of the skin that causes pink, water-filled, raised lesions is known as:

impetigo

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39

___________ is a skin cancer that accounts for 80% of all skin cancer causes and affects the cells stratum basale

basal cell carcinoma

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40

Which of the following letter in ABCDE rule for recognizing melanomas is incorrect?

A) A stands for asymmetry

B) B stands for border irregularity

C) C stands for color

D) D stands for diagnosis

D

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41

___________ lines the body cavities that are open to the exterior

mucous

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42

___________ reduces friction in movable joints such as the knee

synovial fluid

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43

The only dry membrane is the:

cutaneous membrane

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44

The skin an its derivatives( nails, glands, hairs) form:

integumentary system

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45

Although you get wet while swimming, a tough protein within the skin prevents it from soaking up moisture like a sponge. This substance is:

keratin

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46

The epidermis is composed of

stratified squamous epithelium

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47

Two main layers of skin

epidermis and dermis

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48

¨Tanning¨ effect that occurs when someone is exposed to the sun is due to the increased presence of:

melanin

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49

Which layer of the epidermis is composed of flattened, dead, keratin-filled cells?

stratum corneum

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50

____________ results from liver disorders

jaundice

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51

A physician estimates the volume of fluid lost in a severely burned patient by:

rule of nines

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52

cancer of melanocytes

malignant melanoma

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53

skin inflammation

dermatitis

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54

dry, dead flakes of stratum corneum

dandruff

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55

Virus that produces cold sores

Herpes simplex

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56

malignancy of the lowest epidermal layer

basal cell carcinoma

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57

cancer of stratum spinosum cells

squamous cell carcinoma

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58

burn in which only the epidermis becomes red and swollen

first-degree

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59

Inflammation of the hair follicles and sebaceous glands is called:

boils and carbuncles

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60

staphylococcus bacterial infection causing water-filled lesions, commonly around mouth and nose

impetigo

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61

full thickness burn of the skin in which the skin blackens or blanches

third-degree

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62

infection of the sebaceous glands accompanied by skin pimples

acne

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63
<p>the neural processes that convey incoming messages toward the cell body are indicated by</p>

the neural processes that convey incoming messages toward the cell body are indicated by

label A (dendrites)

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64
<p>The metabolic center on the neuron is indicated by</p>

The metabolic center on the neuron is indicated by

label D (cell body)

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65
<p>The axon terminals are indicated by</p>

The axon terminals are indicated by

label C

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66
<p>The axon is indicated by</p>

The axon is indicated by

label B

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67
<p>The gaps between Schwann cells are indicated by</p>

The gaps between Schwann cells are indicated by

label H

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68
<p>The nucleus of the neuron is indicated by</p>

The nucleus of the neuron is indicated by

label E

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69

What are the two main functional subdivisions of the nervous system?

central and peripheral

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70

What cells form the myelin sheaths around nerve fibers in the PNS?

Schwann cells

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71

Support cells in the central nervous system are collectively called __________

neuroglia

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72

The part of the neuron that typically conducts nerve impulses away from the cell body is the _____

axon

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73

The gaps between Schwann cells found at regular intervals in the PNS are called ______

nodes of ranvier

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74

Mr. Warren has spinal cord damage that prevents nerve impulses from being carried from the CNS to muscles or glands. What specific type of neuron has been damaged?

motor neuron

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75

What are the major positive ions situated outside the neuron when it is polarized?

sodium ions

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76

During repolarization, what ions are pumped out of the cell?

potassium

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77

What reflexes stimulate skeletal muscles?

somatic

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78

How are neurons with several processes branching off the cell body, such as motor neurons and interneurons, structurally classified?

multipolar

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79

What are the two major functional properties of neurons?

irritability and conductivity

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80

Impulse conduction is faster in neurons that are

myelinated

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81

The gap between two communicating between neurons is termed

synaptic cleft

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82

Fibers that carry information from the skin, joints, and skeletal muscles to the central nervous system are

somatic

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83

What type of neuron connects sensory and motor neurons in neural pathways?

interneurons (association neurons)

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84

The thalamus, hypothalamus, and epithalamus collectively constitute the _______

diencephalon (interbrain)

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85

What brain dysfunction results when blood supply to a region (or regions) of the brain is blocked and vital brain tissue dies, as by a blood clot or a ruptured blood vessel?

cerebrovascular accident (CVA) or stroke

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86

the brain and spinal cord are protected by three connective tissue membranes called

meninges

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87

In what cerebral lobe is the primary somatic sensory cortex located?

parietal

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88

In which of the following is one of the major functions of the pons

breathing

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89

What fissure separates the cerebral hemispheres?

longitudinal fissure

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90

The hypothalamus regulates the

pituitary gland

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91

The large fiber tract that allows communication between the two cerebral hemispheres is called the

corpus callosum

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92

What portion of the diencephalon acts as a relay station for sensory impulses travelling upward to the sensory cortex?

thalamus

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93

Hemiplegia and aphasia characterize those patients who have experienced a ________.

CVA or stroke

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94

How many pairs of spinal nerves emerge from the spinal cord

31

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95

Progressive, degenerative disease of the brain that results in dementia and is associated with a shortage acetylocholine

alzheimers disease

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96

which of the following isn't a major region of the brain: brain stem, ventral ramus, diencephalon, cerebrum, cerebellum

ventral ramus

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97

which of the following indicates damage to the primary motor area?

  • inability to form complex memories

  • inability to say words properly

  • inability to recognize patterns

  • inability to voluntarily move skeletal muscles

  • inability to involuntarily move smooth muscles

inability to voluntarily move skeletal muscles

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98

A stroke in the primary motor area has caused Don to lose control over his skeletal muscles on the right side of his body. What lobe was affected?

frontal lobe

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99

Wendy had a few alcoholic drinks, then found walking and maintaining her balance difficult. Which part of her brain was affected?

cerebellum

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100

The gland that produces thymosin is?

Label E (Thymus)

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