FINAL EXAM

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after fertilization, implantation occurs at about

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100 Terms

1

after fertilization, implantation occurs at about

day 7

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2

inner cell mass divides into what

epiblast and hypoblast

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3

what forms the three germ layers

the epiblast

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4

embryonic period

primitive streak formation

gastrulation

body folding

neurulation

limb buds form

organogenesis

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5

ectoderm

skin and nervous tissue

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6

mesoderm

muscle tissue, heart, kidneys, reproductive organs, connective tissue

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7

endoderm

digestive and respiratory systems

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8

what stimulates neurulation

notochord

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9

four types of tissue

connective

muscular

elastic

muscular

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10

simple squamous tissue

thin and allows for secretion and absorption

found in the alveolus

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11

ciliated pseudostratified columnar tissue

trachea

uterine tubes

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12

mesenchymal cell

stem cell

first one to form in an embryo

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13

elastic cartilage

auricle of ear

epiglottis

flexible but resilient

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14

fibrocartilage

pubic symphysis

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15

chrondroblasts

produce cartilage matrix

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16

diaphysis

middle shaft of bone

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17

epiphysis

end of bone

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18

metaphysis

in the middle

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19

medullary cavity

where bone marrow is found

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20

endochondral ossification

ossificiation from the clavicle down

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21

hypodermis

not classified as part of the integument

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22

epidermal layers

can loud girls sing bass?

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23

gomphoses

teeth

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24

synarthrosis

immovable

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25

amphiarthrosis

slightly movable

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26

diarthrosis

freely movable

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27

ACL prevents

anterior movement of the tibia and posterior movement of the femur

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28

difference in male and female pelvis

ischial tuberosity are further apart

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29

fusion of myoblasts

make a muscle

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30

endomysium

wraps around muscle cell

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31

perimysium

wraps around fascicle

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32

epimysium

around skeletal muscle

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33

deep fascia

around multiple muscles

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34

mysial layers contain

blood vessels and nerve supply

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35

autonomic

motor output that is involuntary

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36

dendrites

carry impulses toward the cell body

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37

axon terminals

carry away from the cell body

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38

efferent

from CNS to affector organ

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39

choroid plexus

produces CSF

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40

parietal lobe

understanding speech

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41

frontal lobe

forming speech

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42

cerebellum

fine tunes

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43

trigeminal n.

sensory: face, teeth, tongue

motor: mastication

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44

facial n.

sensory: taste-anterior 2/3

motor: facial muscles, saliva, tears

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45

glossopharyngeal n.

sensory: taste-posterior 1/3

motor: swallowing and saliva

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46

vagus n.

sensory: visceral sensation

motor: swallowing, 70% of parasympathetic

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47

phrenic nerve

diaphragm

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48

parasympathetic

preganglionic is long

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49

filiform

fron 2/3

no taste buds

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50

retina

no rods, no cones

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51

choroid

nourishes the retina

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52

auditory tube

opens up the ear to the nasopharynx

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53

fluid found in the scala tympani/vestibuli

perilymph

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54

fluid found in the cochlear duct

endolymph

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55

biogenic amines

altering a specific amino acid

thyroid hormone

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56

cushing syndrome

hypersecretion of cortisol

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57

addison disease

hyposecretion of cortisol

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58

prolactin

milk production

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59

oxytocin

milk ejection

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60

flow of blood?

Heart \n Elastic Artery \n Muscular Artery \n Arteriole \n Capillary \n Venule \n Medium vein \n Large Vein \n Heart

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61

continuous capillary

most common

muscle, skin, thymus, lungs

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62

fenestrated capillary

small intestine, endocrine, kidney

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63

sinusoid

bone marrow, spleen, liver

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64

ductus venosus

bypasses the liver and puts it into the interior vena cava

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65

lacteals

Special lymphatic capillaries in the small intestine

GI lymph is called chyle

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66

right axillary region drained by

right lymphatic duct

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67

helper t

orchestrate immune response

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68

cytotoxic t

kill abnormal cells

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69

memory t/b

patrol body after attack

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70

regulatory t

turn off immune reponse

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71

plasma cells

produce immunoglobulins

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72

duodenum

chemical digestion starts here

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73

retroperotoneal

duodenum

pancreas

ascending and descending colon

rectum

kidneys

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74

trachea

anterior to the esophagus

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75

larynx

voice box

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76

nasopharynx

pseudostratified ciliated columnar

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77

trachea

c shaped cartilage rings prevent it from collapsing

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78

alveolar type two cell

secrete surfactine

gives alveoli their elasticity

allows greater movement

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79

left lung

cardiac notch

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80

right lung

three lobes

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81

pulmonary ventilation

increases the volume of the thoracic cavity

decreases the pressure of the thoracic cavity

pulls air in the lungs

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82

external respiration

in lungs at the alveoli

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83

internal respiration

at tissue/cells

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84

segmentation

mechanical digestion

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85

propulsion

peristalsis

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86

parietal cell

hydrochloric acid

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87

chief cells

pepsinogen

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88

glomerulus

site of filtration

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89

internal sphincter

involuntary

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90

external sphincter

voluntary

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91

puberty

GnRH

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92

site of fertilization

uterine tubes

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93

implantation occurs in the

myometrium of the uterus

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94

ovarian cycle

follicular phase

ovulation

luteal phase

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95

spike of LH leads to

ovulation

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96

vulva anterior to posterior

Mons pubis \n Labia majora \n Labia minora \n Vestibule \n Clitoris \n Urethral opening \n Vaginal orifice

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97

epididymis

where sperm cells are matured and stored

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98

flow of sperm

Testes

Epididymis

Vas Deferens

Ejaculatory Duct

Prostate Gland

Urethra

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99

syncyntiotrophoblast

produces the human chorionic gonadotropin

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100

genital tubercle

glans of the penis

clitoris

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