US GOV Ch 10 and 12

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Tags and Description

Torture

110 Terms

1

bicameral

2 Chambers

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2

the two chambers of congress

House of Representatives and Senate

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3

total amount of congress members

535

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4

# of Senators

100 (2 per state)

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5

# of representatives in the house

435

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6

session of congress

period of time during which, each year, Congress assembles and conducts business

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7

__ sessions of congress per term

2

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8

__ session per year

1

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9

convenes

begins

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10

adjourns

suspends until the next session

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11

recess

a time when both houses of Congress temporarily suspend business

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12

sine die

finally ending a session

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13

prorogue

to discontinue a session

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14

special session

a meeting to deal with some emergency situation (Only the President may call Congress into a "special session")

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15

___ is the start of each 2 year termof congress

Jan 3 (noon every odd numbered year)

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16

approportioned

distributed

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17

Reapportion

redistribute

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18

off-year election

congressional election that occurs between presidential election years

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19

single-member district

An electoral district in which voters choose one representative or official.

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20

at large

elected from the state as a whole, rather than from a particular district

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21

packing

pack as many voters from the opposing party into a single district as possible

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22

cracking

happens when the party in power splitsup the voters who support the opposing party. Resultsin the minority party winning fewer seats

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23

Kiddnapping

happens when the party in powere draws the district lines to move a minority party incumbent into a different district where he or she is less likely to win reelection

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24

Gerrymandered

drawn to the advantage of the political party that controls the State's legislature

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25

formal qualifications to be a house member

at least 25 yrs old

citizen in the US for at least 7 yrs

inhabitant of the state from which he or she is elected

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26

incumbent

the current officeholder

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27

average amount of $ spent on congressional campaigns in 2010

1.4 million

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28

Term for House of Representatives

2 years

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29

Term for Senate

6 years

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30

Upper House of Congress

Senate

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31

Lower House of Congress

House of Representatives

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32

Only _________of senators´ terms expire every two years

1/3

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33

continuous body

all of the seats are never up for election at the same time

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34

Constituencies

the people and interests the senators represent

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35

Qualifications for Senate

minimum age 30, U.S.

citizen for 9 years,

resident of the state represented

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36

5 major roles of congress

-Legislators-

Representatives of their constituents

-Committee members

-Servants of their constituents

-Politicians

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37

delagates

vote based on what the people they represent want

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38

trustees

lawmakers who vote based on their conscience and judgment, not the views of their constituents

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39

Partisans

vote along party lines

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40

Politicos

Attempt to combine the basic elements of the trustee, delegate, and partisan roles

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41

bill

a proposed law

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42

floor consideration

the consideration of and action on a bill by the full membership of the House or Senate

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43

most congressmen are paid

$174000 per year

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44

franking privilege

Benefit allowing members of Congress to mail letters and other materials postage-free

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45

___ people work for the legislative branch

30000

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46

congress appropriates about ___ to fund its many sided operations

$5 billion

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47

Speaker of the House

the leader of the majority party who serves as the presiding officer of the House of Representatives

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48

President of the Senate

Vice President. presiding officer, only votes to break a tie (tbh they don´t do much)

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49

President Pro Tempore

serves in the VP´s absence, always a leading member of the majority, usually the longest serving member, follows the Speaker of the house in presidential sucession (they also dont do much tbh)

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50

why is congress a political body?

  • it is the nation´s centeral policy making body

  • it is partisan (congress parties more than i do )

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51

party caucus

a closed meeting of the members of each party in each house

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52

floor leaders

the chief officers of the majority and minority parties in each house

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53

majority floor leader

the floor leader of the party that holds the majority of seats in each house of Congress

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minority floor leader

Floor leader of the party that holds the minority of seats in each house of Congress

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55

whips

assists the floor leaders

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56

committee chairman

member who heads a standing committe in each chamber

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57

seniority rule

A legislative practice that assigns the chair of the committee or subcommittee to the member of the majority party with the longest continuous service on the committee.

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standing committtee

A permanent committee in Congress, with a defined legislative jurisdiction.

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59

subcommittees

divisions of standing committees that do most of the committee's work

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60

___ is the ¨traffic cop¨

house rules committee

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61

select committee

Congressional committees appointed for a limited time and purpose.

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62

joint committe

A committee composed of members of both the House of Representatives and the Senate; such committees oversee the Library of Congress and conduct investigations.

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conference committee

special joint committee created to reconcile differences in bills passed by the House and Senate

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joint __resolution__s

When passed have the force of law

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concurrent resolutions

measures in which both houses of Congress address matters that affect the operations of both chambers. dont require POTUS approval

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resolutions

deal with matters concerning either house alone and are taken up only by that house. not sent to POTUS for approval

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rider

A provision attached to a bill - to which it may or may not be related - in order to secure its passage or defeat.

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pigeonholed

a bill stuck in a House or Senate committee

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discharge petition

Petition that, if signed by majority of the House of Representatives' members, will pry a bill from committee and bring it to the floor for consideration.

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Quorum

The minimum number of members who must be present to permit a legislative body to take official action

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engrossed

printed in its final form

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___ measures introduced

10778

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73

__ measures reported by committtee

971

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___ measures passed

1, 315

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75

___ measures made into publc laws

383

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76

Filibuster

talk a bill to death

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cloture

A procedure for terminating debate, especially filibusters, in the Senate. need 3/5 vote

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78

veto

Chief executive's power to reject a bill passed by a legislature

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79

__ vote needed to override a veto

2/3

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80

pocket veto

congress ajorns its session within 10 days of submiting a bill to the POTUS and the POTUS doesnt act, bill dies

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81

__ independents in the house

3

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82

Current Speaker of the House

Kevin McCarthy

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83

current majority in the senate

Republicans

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84

current majority in the House

democrats

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85

current minority in the senate

democrats

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86

current minority in the house

republicans

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87

___ and ___ committees are permanent

standing, joint

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88

__ and __ committees are temporary

select, conference

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___ and ___ committes have members from both houses

joint, conference

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90

___ and ___ committees have members from one house

select, standing

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91

the 5 kinds of govs

-town

-fed

-senate

-county

-district

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92

Fed excusive powers

DC WATTS of Fed Property and Interstate Commerce Power

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DC WATTS

  • District of Colombia

  • Currency and Coins

  • War

  • Adimrality

  • Treaties

  • Taxes for the general welfare

  • Spending for the general welfare

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94

State and Local exclusive powers

police powers

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95

police powers

  • public welfare

  • public safety

  • public health

  • public morals

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96

implied powers are implied in the

delegated/expressed powers

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97

implied powers are from the

necessary and proper clause

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98

state govs are __ under the Fed

not

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99

concurrent powers

  • tax and spend INTRAstate

  • tax and spend INTERstate

  • state and fed courts

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2 senators of Nj

Cory Booker

Bob Menendez

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