CM Common Drugs

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Atenolol (tenormin)

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134 Terms

1

Atenolol (tenormin)

Beta Blocker

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2

Metoprolol (Lopressor, Toprol)

Beta Blocker

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3

Propanolol (inderal)

Beta Blocker

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4

Beta Blocker Indications

HTN, CHF

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5

Beta Blocker MOA

Decreased force and demand on heart

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6

Prazosin (Minipress)

Alpha Blocker

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7

Doxazosin (Cardura)

Alpha Blocker

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8

Alpha Blocker Indications

HTN, CHF

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9

Alpha Blocker MOA

Decrease vasoconstriction, increase vasodilation, decrease afterload, preload and demand on heart

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10

Diltiazem (cardizem)

Calcium Channel Blocker- Nondihydropiridine

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11

Verapamil (calan)

Calcium Channel Blocker- Nondihydropiridine

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12

Calcium Channel Blocker MOA

Blocks constriction of coronary arteries

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13

Amlodipine (norvasc)

Calcium Channel Blocker- Dihydropiridine

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14

Nifedipine (procardia)

Calcium Channel Blocker- Dihydropiridine

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15

Felodipine (plendil)

Calcium Channel Blocker- Dihydropiridine

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16

Calcium Channel Blocker- Dihydropiridine SE

Increased risk of MI

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17

Hydralzine (apresoline)

Vasodilator

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18

Vasodilator Indications

Second-line drug when other HTN agents don’t work; emergency situations for CHF

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19

Enalapril (Vasotract)

ACE Inhibitor

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20

Fosinopril (monopril)

ACE Inhibitor

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21

Lisinopril (Zestril)

ACE Inhibitor

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22

Quinapril (acupril)

ACE Inhibitor

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23

ACE Inhibitor Indications

HTN, CHF

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24

ACE inhibitor SE

cough

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25

ACE Inhibitor MOA

stops production of angiotensin II

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26

NSAIDs _____(inhibit/potentiate) ACE Inhibitors

inhibit

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27

Irebesartan (Avapro)

Angiotensin II Receptor Agonist

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28

Isosartan (cozaar)

Angiotensin II Receptor Agonist

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29

Valsartan (diovan)

Angiotensin II Receptor Agonist

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30

Hydrochlorathiazide

Diuretic

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31

Furosemide (lasix)

Diuretic

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32

Bumetanide (bumex)

Diuretic

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33

Diuretic SE

Depletion of potassium

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34

Digoxin (lanoxin)

Cardiac Glycoside

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35

Cardiac Glycoside MOA

increases myocardial contraction

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36

Cardiac Glycoside Indications

CHF, A-fib

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37

Quinidine (quinidex)

Antiarrhythmic

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38

Procainamide (procan)

Antiarrhythmic

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39

Amiodarone (cordarone)

Antiarrhythmic

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40

Atorvastatin (lipitor)

Statin/antihyperlipidemia

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41

Lovastatin (mevacor)

Statin/antihyperlipidemia

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42

Simvastatin (zocor)

Statin/antihyperlipidemia

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43

Statin SE

myopathy/rhabdomyalgia risk

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44

Aspirin, ASA

Antiplatelet/Antithrombotic

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45

Clopidrogel (plavix)

Antiplatelet/Antithrombotic

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46

Ticlopicine (ticlid)

Antiplatelet/Antithrombotic

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47

Antiplatelet/Antithrombotic Indications

Arterial thrombus control; prevention of CVA or MI

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48

Heparin IV

Anticoagulant

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49

Enzozaparin SQ (Lovenox)

Anticoagulant

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50

Warafin PO

Anticoagulant

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51

Anticoagulant Indications

Venous treatment of clots, used prophylactically after surgery or as treatment for PE/DVT

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52

Stretokinase

Thrombolytic

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53

tPa- tissue plasminogen activator

Thrombolytic

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54

Thrombolytic Indications

emergency use for arterial clot; must be administered within 1-2 hours

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55

nitrostat

Nitroglycerin SL

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56

Isosorbide dinitrate SL (nitroquick)

Nitroglycerin SL

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57

Nitroglycerin SL Indications

PRN use for angina

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58

Nitroglycerin TRD (nitro-derm, nitro-dur

Nitroglycerin Transdermal Patch

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59

Anti-HTN Common SE

  • dizziness

  • lightheadedness

  • orthostatic hypotension

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60

NSAIDs ____ (potentiate/inhibit) anticoagulants/antithrombotics

potentiate

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61

Big Gun Drugs

  1. Digoxin (lanoxin)- Digitalis

  2. Warafin (coumadin)

  3. Antiarrhythmic Drugs

    1. Amiodarone (cordarone)

    2. Procainamid (procan)

    3. Quinidine (quinidex)

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62

Why are big gun drugs a concern?

low TI→ patients very likely to receive toxic dose

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63

Albuterol (proventil)

Beta 2 Agonist-- Rescue

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64

Salmeterol (serevent)

Beta 2 Agonist-- Long-Acting

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65

Beta 2 Agonist Indications

Asthma

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66

Beta 2 Agonist MOA

Bronchodilation

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67

Beta 2 Agonist. Common SE

tachycardia

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68

Ipratropium (atrovent)

Anticholinergics

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69

Anticholinergics SE

SLUD + tachycardia

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70

Anticholinergic Indications

COPD

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71

Anticholinergics MOA

blocks vagal parasympathetic tone to decrease resting bronchoconstriction

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72

Flucticasone (flovent)

Glucocorticoid

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73

Triamcinolone (amzacort)

Glucocorticoid

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74

Fluisolide (aerobid)

Glucocorticoid

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75

Glucocorticoid Inidcations

Decrease inflammation for COPD and asthma

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76

Zafirlukast (accolate)

Leukotriene Modifier

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77

Montelukast (singulair)

Leukotriene Modifier

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78

Leukotriene Modifier Indications

COPD

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79

Cromolyn (intal)

Cromone “mast cell stabilizer”

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80

Cromone “mast cell stabilizer” Indications

COPD

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81

Prednisolone (prelone)

Corticosteroid

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82

Prednisone (deltasone)

Corticosteroid

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83

Dexamethasone (decadron)

Corticosteroid

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84

Hydrocortisone (cortef)

Corticosteroid

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85

Cortisone (cortone)

Corticosteroid

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86

Methylprednisone (medrol)

Corticosteroid

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87

Corticosteroid Treatment Goal

decrease inflammation, inhibit inflammatory cells, suppress immune system

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88

Corticosteroid Indications

endocrine replacement therapy, anti-inflammaorty agent, immunosuppressant agent

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89

Corticosteroid SE

Immune System: Immunosuppression

Integumentary: impaired wound healing, bruising

GI: peptic ulcer, gastritis

Muscular: myopathy, loss of muscle mass, weakness

CV: CHF, cardiac arrest, arrhythmias, cardiac enlargement, circulatory collapse, fat embolism, HTN, bradycardia

Metabolic: hyperglycemia, diabetes

Skeletal: osteoporosis, vertebral compression fx, femoral/humeral necrosis, pathologic fx, tendon rupture

Optic: glaucoma

Pediatric: stunted growth

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90

Naproxen (naprosyn)

NSAID

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91

Piroxicam (feldene)

NSAID

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92

Difunisol (dolobid)

NSAID

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93

Ibuprofen (advil, motrin)

NSAID

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94

Indomethacin (indocin)

NSAID

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95

NSAID Properties

analgesic, anti-pyretic, anti-inflammatory, anti-coagulant

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96

NSAID SE

  • gastric irritation

  • bleeding

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97

Methotrexate (rheumatrext)

DMARD (Disease-Modifying Anti-Rheumatic Drug)

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98

Cyclophosphamide (cytoxan)

DMARD (Disease-Modifying Anti-Rheumatic Drug)

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99

Cyclosporine (neoral)

DMARD (Disease-Modifying Anti-Rheumatic Drug)

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100

Azathiprine (imuran)

DMARD (Disease-Modifying Anti-Rheumatic Drug)

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