unit 7 endangered speice

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Acidification

/əˌsɪd.ɪ.fɪˈkeɪ.ʃən/

eg Several factors can lead to acidification of soils.

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115 Terms

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Acidification

/əˌsɪd.ɪ.fɪˈkeɪ.ʃən/

eg Several factors can lead to acidification of soils.

( n ) Sự axit hóa

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2

adapt

/əˈdæpt/

( v ) thích nghi

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3

adopt

/əˈdɒpt/

eg: They've adopted a baby girl.

(v) nhận làm con nuôi

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4

aesthetic

/esˈθet.ɪk/

eg The new building has little aesthetic value

( a ) có thẩm mỹ

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5

algae

al•gee

( n ) tảo

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6

biodiversity

/ˌbaɪ.əʊ.daɪˈvɜː.sə.ti/

eg : A new National Biological Survey to protect species habitat and biodiversity

( n ) sự đa dạng sinh học

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7

bramble

/ˈbræm.bəl/

( n ) bụi gai

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8

breed

/briːd/

eg The blackbird, like most birds, breeds in the spring.

( v ) sinh đẻ

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9

calf

/kɑːf/

( n ) con non

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10

captivity

/kæpˈtɪv.ə.ti/

eg: All the hostages, when released from captivity, looked remarkably fit and well.

( n ) sự bắt giữ, sự giam cầm

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11

carnivore

/ˈkɑː.nɪ.vɔːr/

eg Lions and tigers are carnivores.

( n ) động vật ăn thịt

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12

contend

/kənˈtend/

eg He's contending against someone with twice his experience.

( v ) đấu tranh, tranh giành

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13

corruption

( n ) sự tham nhũng

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14

decibel

/ˈdes.ɪ.bel/

eg The typical lawn mower makes about 90 decibels of noise.

( n ) a unit for measuring the loudness of sound:

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15

digest

/daɪˈdʒest/

eg: I find that I don't digest meat easily.

( v ) tiêu hóa

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16

digestion

/daɪˈdʒes.tʃən/

eg Discover how eating raw food helps balance your body and aids digestion

( n ) Sự tiêu hoá

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17

disappearance

/ˌdɪs.əˈpɪə.rəns/

eg A man was being questioned in connection with her disappearance.

(n) sự biến đi, sự biến mất

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18

appearance

/ə'piərəns/

eg She will be making a public appearance, signing copies of her latest novel.

( n ) sự xuất hiện, sự trình diện

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19

dominant

/ˈdɒm.ɪ.nənt/

eg: a dominant military power

( a ) chiếm ưu thế

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20

dominance

/ˈdɒm.ɪ.nəns/

eg the company's growing dominance of the sports shoe industry

( n ) địa vị thống trị, sự áp đảo

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21

dorsal

/ˈdɔː.səl/

eg: a shark's dorsal fin

( a ) ở lưng, mặt lưng

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22

enemy

/ˈen.ə.mi/

eg He's made a few enemies in this company.

(n) kẻ thù, quân địch

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23

ensnare

/ɪnˈsneər/

eg Spiders ensnare flies and other insects in their webs.

( v ) đánh bẫy, giăng bẫy

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24

entangle

/ɪnˈtæŋ.ɡəl/

eg The dolphin had become entangled in/with the fishing nets

( a ) vướng vào, mắc vào

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25

evolve

/ɪˈvɒlv/

eg Did humans evolve from apes?

( v ) tiến hóa

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26

Evolution

/ˌiː.vəˈluː.ʃən/

eg the evolution of language

( n ) sự tiến hoá

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27

expression

/ɪkˈspreʃ.ən/

eg Freedom of expression is a basic human right.

(n) sự thể hiện

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28

expulsion

ikˈspəlSHən

eg : They threatened him with expulsion from school.

( n ) sự trục xuất

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29

extinction

/ɪkˈstɪŋk.ʃən/

eg The extinction of the dinosaurs occurred millions of years ago.

( n ) sự tuyệt chủng

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30

extension

/ɪkˈsten.ʃən/

( n ) sự mở rộng

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31

exterminate

/ɪkˈstɜː.mɪ.neɪt/

eg Millions of Jewish people were exterminated in concentration camps in the Second World War.

( v ) triệu tiêu, hủy diệt

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32

fertilizer

/ˈfɜː.tɪ.laɪ.zər/

( n ) phân bón hóa học

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33

frontal

/ˈfrʌn.təl/

( a ) thuộc phần trán, phần trước

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34

gargantuan

gaa•gan•choo•uhn

eg a problem of gargantuan proportions

( a ) to lớn, khổng lồ

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35

gestation

/dʒesˈteɪ.ʃən/

( n ) thời kì thai nghén

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36

gigantic

jai•gan•tuhk

eg The cost has been gigantic.

( a ) khổng lồ, kếch xù

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37

groove

/ɡruːv/

eg The window slides along a deep metal groove to open and close.

( n ) đường rãnh

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38

herbicide

/ˈhɜː.bɪ.saɪd/

( n ) thuốc diệt cỏ

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39

herbivore

/ˈhɜː.bɪ.vɔːr/

eg Cows and sheep are herbivores

( n ) động vật ăn cỏ

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40

justfication/ˌdʒʌs.tɪ.fɪˈkeɪ.ʃən/

eg There is no justification for treating people so badly.

( n ) sự bào chữa, biện hộ

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41

lichen

/ˈlaɪ.kən/

( n ) địa y

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42

low-frequency

( a ) tần số thấp

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43

maintenance

/ˈmeɪn.tən.əns/

( n ) sự duy trì, sự gìn giữ , bảo hành

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44

mammal

/ˈmæm.əl/

( n ) động vật có vú

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45

maturity

muh•chuor•ruh•tee

( n ) sự trưởng thành, chín chắn

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46

moss

/mɒs/

eg The rocks near the river were covered with moss.

( n ) rêu

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47

navel

/ˈneɪ.vəl/

( n ) rốn, trung tâm

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48

omnivore

/ˈɒm.nɪ.vɔːr/

n. động vật ăn tạp

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49

organism

/ˈɔː.ɡən.ɪ.zəm/

eg Amoebae and bacteria are single-celled organisms.

( n ) sinh vật cá thể

a single living plant, animal, virus, etc.:

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50

Overexploitation

( n ) sự khai thác quá mức

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51

pesticide/ˈpestɪsaɪd/

( n. ) thuốc trừ sâu

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52

phytoplanton

fai•tow•plangk•tn

( n ) thực vật phù du

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53

precious

/ˈpreʃ.əs/

eg You're so precious to me.

( a ) quý giá

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54

predator

/ˈpred.ə.tər/

eg lions, wolves, and other predators

( n ) kẻ săn mồi

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55

prosperous

/ˈprɒs.pər.əs/

eg In a prosperous country like this, no one should go hungry.

(a) thịnhvượng

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56

provision

/prəˈvɪʒ.ən/

eg The provision of good public transport will be essential for developing the area.

( n ) sự cung cấp

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57

resolve

/rɪˈzɒlv/

eg The couple resolved their differences and made an effort to get along.

( v ) quyết tâm , kiên quyết ( giải quyết )

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58

resolution

/ˌrez.əˈluː.ʃən/

eg I made a resolution to give up chocolate.

(n) sự quyết tâm, sự giải quyết

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59

rostrum

/ˈrɒs.trəm/

( n ) bục phát biểu

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60

sophisticate

/səˈfɪs.tɪ.kət/

( a ) phức tạp

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61

survive

/səˈvaɪv/

eg These plants cannot survive in very cold conditions.

( v ) sinh tồn, sống sót

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62

survival

( n ) sự sống sót

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63

survivor

/səˈvaɪ.vər/

( n ) người sống sót

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64

timber

tim•buh

eg These trees are being grown for timber.

( n ) gỗ xây dựng

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65

tissue

/ˈtɪʃ.uː/

eg: plant tissue

( n ) mô,tế bào

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66

trunk

/trʌŋk/

( n ) thân cây

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67

unprecedented

/ʌnˈpres.ɪ.den.tɪd/

eg This century has witnessed environmental destruction on an unprecedented scale.

( a ) chưa từng thấy, chưa từng có

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68

ventral

/ˈven.trəl/

( a ) ở bụng, phần bụng

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69

vulnerable

/ˈvʌl.nər.ə.bəl/

eg I felt very vulnerable, standing there without any clothes on.

( a ) dễ bị tổn thương

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70

at most

tối đa

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71

at last

cuối cùng

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72

at once= immediately= on the spot

ngay lập tức

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73

attribute st to st

quy cho

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74

be recognized as

được coi là

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75

contribute to st/ doing st

đóng góp vào cái gì/làm gì

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76

devote/dedicate time to st/doing st

cống hiến/hi sinh thời gian cho cái gì/làm gì

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77

die of

chết vì bệnh gì

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78

die out= become extinct

tuyệt chủng

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79

die away

nhỏ dần, tắt dần

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80

die down

nhỏ lại, bé lại

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81

food chain

chuỗi thức ăn

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82

in a state of balance

ở trạng thái cân bằng

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83

mass extinction

tuyệt chủng hàng loạt

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84

On earth= in the world= all over the world

trên Trái Đất, trên thế giới

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85

on the wing

đang bay

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86

on the rock

có khả năng thất bại

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87

on the verge

trên bờ vực

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88

on the ground

trong dân chúng

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89

result in=lead to

dẫn đến

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90

accidentally/ˌæk.sɪˈden.təl.i/eg I accidentally knocked a glass over.

( adv ) tình cờ

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91

infant/ˈɪn.fənt/

( n ) trẻ sơ sinh

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92

toss eg Andrew tossed him the ball.

( v ) quăng, ném

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93

detention

/dɪˈten.ʃən/

eg Concern has been expressed about the death in detention of a number of political prisoners.

( n ) sự giam cầm

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94

stable

/ˈsteɪ.bəl/

eg After several part-time jobs, he's now got a stable job in a bank.

( a ) ổn định, vững vàng

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95

defensible ( defense N )

/dɪˈfen.sə.bəl/

eg A city built on an island is easily defensible.

(a) có thể bảo vệ

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96

conscious

/ˈkɒn.ʃəs/

eg He gradually became conscious (of the fact) that everyone else was wearing a suit.

( a ) ý thức, nhận thức

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97

vanish

/ˈvæn.ɪʃ/

eg The child vanished while on her way home from school.

( v ) biến mất

to disappear or stop being present or existing, especially in a sudden, surprising way:

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98

steady

/ˈsted.i/

eg Progress has been slow but steady.

( a ) đều đều, ổn định

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99

constant

/ˈkɒn.stənt/

eg machines that are in constant use

( a ) liên tục, kiên trì

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persistent

/pəˈsɪs.tənt/

eg He has been a persistent critic of the president.

( a ) kiên trì bền bỉ

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