Chapter 9: Energy Sources 

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petroleum products

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37 Terms

1

petroleum products

When ________ and coal are burned, smoke is given off that contains small particles called particulates.

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2

Natural gas

________ contains more energy per kilogram than petroleum or coal does.

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3

Windmills

________ use the energy of the wind to pump water.

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4

Renewable Resource

________: an energy source that is replaced nearly as quickly as it is used.

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5

Petroleum

________: a highly flammable liquid formed by decayed ancient organisms, such as microscopic plankton and algae.

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6

Hydroelectricity

________: Electricity produced from the energy of moving water.

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7

Fossil fuels

________ are burned to generate electricity in a power plant.

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8

Biomass

________: renewable organic matter, such as wood, sugarcane fibers, rice hulls, and animal manure.

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9

Energy

________ is released when the nucleus of an atom breaks apart.

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10

environmental damage

The mining of the uranium can cause ________.

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11

Nuclear Waste

________: any radioactive by- product that results when radioactive materials are used.

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12

Fusion

________ is the most concentrated energy source known.

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13

Hydroelectric power plants

________ are an efficient way to produce electricity with almost no pollution.

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14

Artificial dams

________ can disturb the balance of natural ecosystems.

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15

Solar cells

________ are made of two layers of semiconductor materials sandwiched between two layers of conducting metal.

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16

nuclear fusion

In ________, two smaller nuclei join together to form a larger nucleus.

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17

Thermonuclear fusion

________ is the joining together of small nuclei at high temperatures.

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18

Nonrenewable Resources

________: resources that can not be replaced by natural processes as quickly as they are used.

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19

Coal mines

________ were once the sites of ancient swamps.

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20

Nuclear Reactor

________: uses the energy from controlled ________ to generate electricity.

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21

Photovoltaic Cell

________: converts radiant energy from the Sun directly into electrical energy.

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22

Geothermal energy

________ also can be used to generate electricity.

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23

Windmills

________ also can use the energy of the wind to generate electricity.

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24

Petroleum

________ is a mixture of thousands of chemical compounds.

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25

Coal

________ is a solid fossil fuel that is found in mines underground.

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26

Natural gas

________ is burned to provide energy for cooking, heating, and manufacturing.

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27

Coal

________ formed from the organic material that was deposited as the plants that lived in these swamps died.

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28

Fossil Fuels

Fuels such as petroleum, or oil, natural gas, and coal; are formed from the decaying remains of ancient plants and animals

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29

Petroleum

a highly flammable liquid formed by decayed ancient organisms, such as microscopic plankton and algae

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30

Nonrenewable Resources

resources that cannot be replaced by natural processes as quickly as they are used

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31

Nuclear Reactor

uses the energy from controlled nuclear reactions to generate electricity

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32

Nuclear Waste

any radioactive by-product that results when radioactive materials are used

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33

Renewable Resource

an energy source that is replaced nearly as quickly as it is used

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34

Photovoltaic Cell

converts radiant energy from the Sun directly into electrical energy

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35

Hydroelectricity

Electricity produced from the energy of moving water

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36

Geothermal Energy

The thermal energy that is contained in hot magma

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37

Biomass

renewable organic matter, such as wood, sugarcane fibers, rice hulls, and animal manure

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