The Cultural Landscape Chapter 12: Services

studied byStudied by 5 people
0.0(0)
get a hint
hint

Titris Hoyuk

1 / 58

59 Terms

1

Titris Hoyuk

________, in present- day Turkey, occupied a 50- hectare (125- acre) site and apparently had a population of about 10, 000.

New cards
2

Central place theory

________ was first proposed in the 1930s by German geographer Walter Christaller, based on his studies of southern Germany.

New cards
3

Convenience stores

________ and fast- food restaurants appeal to nearly everyone, whereas other goods and services appeal primarily to certain consumer groups.

New cards
4

New York

________ and Tokyo are the two large cities in MDCs.

New cards
5

enclosure movement

The ________ brought greater agricultural efficiency, but it destroyed the self- contained world of village life.

New cards
6

French law

________ required that each son inherit an equal portion of an estate, so the heirs established separate farms in each division.

New cards
7

London

________ presents more plays than the rest of the United Kingdom combined, and New York has nearly more theaters than the rest of the United States combined.

New cards
8

coolness index

The "________, developed by POV Magazine, combined the percentage of population in their 20s, the number of bars and other nightlife places per capita, and the number of art galleries per capita.

New cards
9

Hexagons

(________ represent a compromise between circles and squares .)

New cards
10

MDCs

________ have numerous small settlements with small thresholds and ranges, and far fewer large settlements with large thresholds and ranges.

New cards
11

World cities

________ may be centers of national or international political power.

New cards
12

Steel

________ was once the most important basic industry of Cleveland and Pittsburgh, but now health services such as hospitals and clinics and medical high- technology research are more important.

New cards
13

city block

A(n) ________ or apartment building that contains 100 families will generate more customers than a house containing only one family.

New cards
14

Talent

________ was measured by Florida as a combination of the percentage of people in the city with college degrees, the percentage employed as scientists or engineers, and the percentage employed as professionals or technicians.

New cards
15

temporary employment

Within business services, jobs expanded most rapidly in professional services (such as engineering, management, and law), data processing, advertising, and ________ agencies.

New cards
16

medical clinic

A settlement may offer a service such as a(n) ________, an advertising agency, or a film studio not found in other settlements of comparable size.

New cards
17

Denmark

In ________, København (Copenhagen) is a primate city with 1 million inhabitants, whereas the second- largest urban area, Aarhus, has only 200, 000, instead of the 500, 000 that the rank- size rule predicts.

New cards
18

Brian Berry

________ has documented a similar hierarchy of settlements in parts of the U.S. Midwest.

New cards
19

central place

A(n) ________ is a market center for the exchange of goods and services by people attracted from the surrounding area.

New cards
20

eastern Mediterranean

Settlements were first established in the ________ about 2500 B.C.

New cards
21

Modern industry

________ is managed by large corporations formed to minimize the liability to any individual owner.

New cards
22

Mesopotamia

Urban settlements may have originated in ________, part of the Fertile Crescent of the Middle East, and diffused at an early date to Egypt, China, and South Asia's Indus Valley.

New cards
23

reserves

Mining settlements are located near ________ of coal, petroleum, and other resources.

New cards
24

gravity model

The ________ predicts that the optimal location of a service is directly related to the number of people in the area and inversely related to the distance people must travel to access it.

New cards
25

Geographers

________ distinguish four levels of urban settlements according to their importance in the provision of business services.

New cards
26

consumer services

A settlement's economic base is important, because exporting by the basic industries brings money into the local economy, thus stimulating the provision of more nonbasic ________ for the settlement.

New cards
27

global circulation of capital

Offshore centers provide two important functions in the ________:

New cards
28

Muslim countries

________: Typically conform to the weekly calendar- once a week in each of six cities and no market on Friday, the Muslim day of rest.

New cards
29

particular location

The range and threshold together determine whether a good or service can be profitable in a(n) ________.

New cards
30

World cities

________ typically offer the most plays, concerts, operas, nightclubs, restaurants, bars, and professional sporting events.

New cards
31

MDCs

________ have a higher percentage of urban residents, but LDCs have more of the very large urban settlements.

New cards
32

New York

General business: Large metropolitan areas, especially Chicago, Los Angeles, ________, and San Francisco.

New cards
33

consumer services

In ancient times, a handful of urban settlements provided business and public services, as well as some ________ with large market areas.

New cards
34

Owning several discontinuous fields around a clustered rural settlement had several disadvantages

Farmers lost time moving between fields, villagers had to build more roads to connect the small lots, and farmers were restricted in what they could plant

New cards
35

If the threshold and range justify the service, the next geographic question is

Where should the service be located within the market area to maximize profit

New cards
36

Muslim countries

Typically conform to the weekly calendar-once a week in each of six cities and no market on Friday, the Muslim day of rest

New cards
37

General business

Large metropolitan areas, especially Chicago, Los Angeles, New York, and San Francisco

New cards
38

High-tech industries support services

Austin, Orlando, and Raleigh-Durham

New cards
39

service

any activity that fulfills a human want or need and returns money to those who provide it

New cards
40

settlement

a permanent collection of buildings where people reside, work, and obtain services

New cards
41

consumer services

provide services to individual consumers who desire them and can afford to pay for them

New cards
42

business services

used to facilitate other businesses

New cards
43

public services

used to provide security and protection for citizens and businesses

New cards
44

clustered rural settlement

a place where a number of families live in close proximity to each other, with fields surrounding the collection of houses and farm buildings

New cards
45

dispersed rural settlement

typical of the North American rural landscape, is characterized by farmers living on individual farms isolated from neighbors rather than alongside other farmers in settlements

New cards
46

enclosure movement

the British government transformed the rural landscape by consolidating individually owned strips of land surrounding a village into a single large farm, owned by an individual

New cards
47

urbanization

the process by which the population of urban settlements grows

New cards
48

central place theory

helps to explain how the most profitable location can be identified

New cards
49

central place

a market center for the exchange of goods and services by people attracted from the surrounding area

New cards
50

market area / hinterland

the area surrounding a service from which customers are attracted

New cards
51

range

the maximum distance people are willing to travel to use a service

New cards
52

threshold

the minimum number of people needed to support the service

New cards
53

gravity model

predicts that the optimal location of a service is directly related to the number of people in the area and inversely related to the distance people must travel to access it

New cards
54

rank-size rule

the country's nth-largest settlement is 1/n the population of the largest settlement

New cards
55

primate city rule

the largest settlement has more than twice as many people as the second-ranking settlement

New cards
56

primate city

the country's largest city

New cards
57

basic industries

export primarily to consumers outside the settlement

New cards
58

Nonbasic industries

enterprises whose customers live in the same community—essentially, consumer services

New cards
59

economic base

a community's unique collection of basic industries

New cards

Explore top notes

note Note
studied byStudied by 7 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 11 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 13 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 4 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 8 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
note Note
studied byStudied by 8 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 10 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 565 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(3)

Explore top flashcards

flashcards Flashcard130 terms
studied byStudied by 5 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard36 terms
studied byStudied by 36 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard26 terms
studied byStudied by 2 people
Updated ... ago
4.8 Stars(4)
flashcards Flashcard25 terms
studied byStudied by 1 person
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard59 terms
studied byStudied by 1 person
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard444 terms
studied byStudied by 5 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard59 terms
studied byStudied by 4 people
Updated ... ago
4.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard243 terms
studied byStudied by 38 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(6)