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Sustainable Development

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Sustainable Development

Development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs

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Sustainable Development Goals/Global Goals

Seek to reconcile economic growth, environmental balance and social progress, ensuringvthat all people have the same opportunities and can alead a better life without compromising the planet

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NEPA - National Environmental Policy Act

In 1969, This act is committed to foster and promote the general welfare of citizens, and to create as well as maintain conditions under which man can live safely

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EPA - US Environmental Protection Agency

Established in 1970 to improve and protect the environment in national and international levels and protects human health and natural resources upon which all human activites depend

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President Nixon

American President who passed the plan to recognize and establish the EPA

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1972 Stockholm Meeting

A United Nations conference was held in Stockholm, Sweden. In that meeting, the developing countries expressed their concerns over the effects of of economic development on the environment by the development of the world,

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World Commission on Environment and Development

The United Nations formed the ___ in 1987 to examine important environmental and developmental problems and to suggest solutions that can be implemented.

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Earth Summit

20 years after the Stockholm Meeting, the ___ is the second instance where the leaders of various countries met to discuss environmental and developmental issues. More than 100 Heads of State attended and 170 countries sent their representatives.

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Philippine Council for Sustainable Development (PCSD)

The council provided the mechanism for attaining the principles of sustainable development and to assure its integration in the Philippine national and local policies, plans, and plans involving all sectors of the society

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President Fidel V. Ramos

President who created the PCSD

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Executive Order No. 15 - September 1, 1992

President Fidel V. Ramos, by virtue of the ___, created the PCSD.

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Secretary Arsenio M. Balisacan

The chair of PCSD under the Aquino administration, led the Philippine delegation to the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development 2012 or Rio+20

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Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Where the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development 2012 was held in

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Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI)

The institute focuses on building a green economy, the preservation of the environment and poverty reduction.

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Paris Agreement - Dec. 12, 2015

Deals with climate change and sustainable development among others. Its central aim is to strengthen the global response to the threat of climate change by keeping a global temperature rise this century well below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels and to pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase even further to 1.5 degrees Celsius.

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Migration

Refers to people moving to another place to settle down.

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Internal and International migration

Two normal kinds of migration

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Internal Migration

The movement of people between usual residences within national states. This can also be from a town, province, or region to another place.

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International Migration

When people move to another country to live and settle down for a long period of time.

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Europe

Continent with the most international migrants

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Philippines

Considered as one of the highest "city growth rate" with 60% of its population living in cities.

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Economic Migrants

A big percent of migrants is called ___. They look for better opportunities to improve their life. This has now become the trend, as it is easier to look for job opportunities in other countries because of globalization.

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Refugees

They leave their homeland to avoid conflict, violence and starvation caused by calamities.

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Changes in Population Safety and Human Rights Family and Community Economic Growth Brain Drain Integration and Multiculturalization

Effects of Migration

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International Organization for Migration (IOM)

According to the ___ millions of migrants do not have legal documents.

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Brain Drain

Many of those who studied, graduated in the Philippines, and became experts to choose to work abroad. They do so because of the better opportunity and higher salary that await them.

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Oxford University

Made a study about multiculturalism. It revealed that people from different cultures can live together peacefully and treat each other equally.

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Territorial Disputes or Issues

Refer to border conflicts which occur when two or more countries disagree over the possession of land or bodies of water.

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First, It is related to the right of each state and country. Second, this is important in maintaining peace in the whole world.

Two important reasons of territories and boundaries to the global community.

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  • Kashmir conflict between India and Pakistan

  • Iraq's invasion of Kuwait during the Gulf War

  • The Korean peninsula (South & North Korean countries)

  • Israel & Palestine

Territory and Border Conflicts All over the World

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International Tribunal for the Law of Seas (ITLOS)

The Philippines declared and changed the name of South China Sea to West Philippine Sea to face the issue. Furthermore, to protest China's claims to the territory, the Philippines had filed a case in the ___

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Sabah/North Borneo

Belonged to the territory of Malaysia that the Philippine government formally filed a claim to it.

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MAPHILINDO

President Diosdado Macapagal also composed ___. These three countries agreed to find a peaceful solution to their problem about Sabah.

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More than 7,500 islands, and a very long coastline

The Philippines consists of

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Wars and Terrorism

Territorial disputes are a major cause of ___

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$34.88 billion

The Philippines' recorded remittances for 2020 is around ___

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Multiculturalism

People from different cultures can live together peacefully and treat each other equally

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Related to the right of each state and country / Important in maintaining peace in the whole world

Important Reasons of Territories and Boundaries

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Outdated

Most of military equipment in the Philippines are ___

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Maritime Vessels

Makes it easier for them to enter Philippine territory and steal natural resources.

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Political Family/Dynasty

A family in which multiple members are involved in politics — particularly electoral politics.

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Osmeña Roxas Marcos Macapagal Estrada Aquino

Political dynasties in Philippines

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Sergio Osmeña, Sr.

4th President of the Philippines (1944-1946) Vice President (1935 - 1944) Senator (1922 - 1935) Congressman (1907 -1922) Governor of Cebu ( 1904 - 1907)

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Sergio "Serging" Veloso Osmeña, Jr.

Son of Sergio Osmeña, Sr. Senator (1965 - 1971) Governor of Cebu (1951 - 1963)

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Sergio de la Rama Osmeña III

Grandson of Sergio Osmeña, Sr. Son of Sergio Osmeña" Jr. Senator (1995) ( re elected - 2001 - 2010)

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Tomas "Tommy"de la Rama Osmeña

Grandson of Sergio Osmeña, Sr. Son of Sergio Osmeña" Jr. Younger brother of Sergio Osmeña III Congressman (2010 - 2013) Mayor of Cebu City (1988 - 1995) (2001 - 2010)

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John Henry "Sonny" Renner Osmeña

Senator (1971-1972) (1987-1995) (1998-2004) Congressman (1969-1971) (1995-1998) Mayor of Cebu City (1965-1969) Councilor (1963-1965) Mayor of Toledo City, Cebu (2013 - 2019)

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Manuel Acuña Roxas, Sr.

5th President (1945-1948) Senator (1945-1946) Congressman (1921-1938) Governor of Capiz (1919-1921)

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Gerardo "Gerry" Manuel de Leon Roxas, Sr.

Son of Manuel Roxas Senator (1963-1972)

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Manuel "Mar" Araneta Roxas II

Grandson of Manuel Roxas Senator (2004-2010) Congressman (1993-2000)

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Gerardo Manuel "Dinggoy" Araneta Roxas, Jr.

Grandson of Manuel Roxas Brother of Manuel "Mar" Roxas II Congressman (1987-1993)

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Ferdinand Marcos Sr.

10th President (1965-1986) Senator (1959-1965) Congressman (1949-1959)

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Imelda Romuladez Marcos

Former First Lady Congresswoman of Ilocos Norte (2010-2019) Congresswoman of Leyte (1995-1998) Legislator of Region IV-A (1978-1984) Governor of Metro Manila (1975-1986) Minister of Human Settlements (1978-1986) Governor of Ilocos Norte (2016-present)

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Imee R. Marcos

Daughter of Ferdinand Marcos, Sr. and Imelda Romualdez Marcos Governor of Ilocos Norte (2010-2016) Congresswoman of Ilocos Norte (1998-2007) Assembly woman of Ilocos Norte (1984-1986)

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Ferdinand "Bongbong"R. Marcos, Jr.

Son of Ferdinand Marcos, Sr. and Imelda Romualdez Marcos Current President of the Philippines Congressman (2007-2010) Governor of Ilocos Norte (1998-2007) Congressman (1992-1995) Governor (1983-1986) Vice Governor of Ilocos Norte (1980-1983)

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Diosdado Macapagal

9th President (1965-1986) Vice President (1957-1961) Congressman of Pampanga (1949)

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Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo

Daughter of Diosdado Macapagal Congresswoman of Pampanga (2010-2019) 14th President (2001-2010) Vice President (1998-2001)

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Juan Miguel "Mikey" Macapagal Arroyo

Son of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo Congressman of Ang Galing Pinoy Partylist (2010-2013) Congressman of Pampanga (2004-2010)

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Joseph Ejercito Estrada

13th President (1998-2001) Vice President (1992-1998) Mayor of San Juan for 16 years since 1969

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Luisa Pimentel-Ejercito(Loi Estrada)

Wife of Joseph Ejercito Estrada Former First Lady (1998-2001)

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Jose Pimmentel Ejercito, Jr.

Son of Joseph Ejercito Estrada Mayor of San Juan (1992-2001)

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Joseph Victor "JV" Gomez Ejercito

Son of Joseph Ejercito Estrada Congressman of San Juan (2010-2012) Mayor of San Juan (2001-2010) Senator, Present

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Emilio Ramon Ejercito

Nephew of Joseph Ejercito Estrada Governor of Laguna (2010-2014) Mayor of Pagsanjan, Laguna (2001-2010)

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Benigno Simeon "Ninoy" Aquino Jr.

Governor of Tarlac (1961-1967) Vice Governor of Tarlac (1959-1961) Mayor of Tarlac (1955-1959)

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Corazon Cojuangco Aquino

Wife of Ninoy Aquino President (1986-1992)

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Benigno Simeon Cojuanco "Noynoy"Aquino III

Son of Ninoy and Corazon Aquino President (2010-2016) Congressman (1998-2007)

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Jejomar "Jojo" Binay

Vice President (2010-2016) Mayor of Makati (2001-2010)(1986-1998)

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Jejomar Erwin "Junjun" Binay, Jr.

Son of Jejomar Binay Mayor of Makati (2010-2016) Councilor of Makati (2001-2010)

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Elenita Sombillo-Binay

Wife of Jejomar Binay Mayor of Makati (1998-2001)

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Nancy Binay

Daughter of Jejomar Binay Senator (2013-2019)

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Juan Miguel F. Zubiri

Son of Jose Ma. Rubin Zubiri, Jr. Congressman (1998-2007)

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Jose Ma. Rubin Zuburi, Jr.

Governor of Bukidnon (2007-2010) Cibgress foir three consecutive terms, (1987-1998) Assemblyman in Batasang Pambansa (1984-1986)

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Renato "Companero" Luna Cayetano

Senator (1998-2003)

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Alan Peter Cayetano

Son of Renato Cayetano Congressman of Taguig (1998-2004) Vice Mayor of Taguig (1995-1998) Councilor of Muntinlupa (1992-1995)

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Pilar Juliana "Pia" Cayetano

Daughter of Renato Cayetano Sister of Alan Peter Cayetano Senator, 2004 - present

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Ma. Laarni Lopez "Lani" Cayetano

Wife of Peter Cayetano Mayor of Taguig, 2010 - present

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