Pt 11

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Anterior

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Tags and Description

Miss Claire

55 Terms

1

Anterior

Front surface of the body or structure

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2

Posterior

Back surface of the body or structure

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3

Deep

Further from the surface

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4

superficial

near the surface

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5

Internal

Nearer to the inside

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6

External

Nearer to the outside

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7

Lateral

Away from the mid-line

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8

Medial

toward from the midline

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9

Superior

Situated above or towards the upper part

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10

Inferior

Situated below or towards the lower part

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11

Proximal

Nearest to the point of reference

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12

Distal

Furthest away from the point of reference

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13

prone

Lying face down in a horizontal position

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14

supine

Lying face up in a horizontal position

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15

anatomical position

To stand erect with arms at the sides and palms of the hands turned forward

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16

Fundamental Position

is essentially same as anatomical position except arms are at the sides & palms facing the body

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17

sagittal plane

divides body into left and right

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18

Anatomical Regions of the Body

refer to a certain area of the body

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19

frontal (coronal) plane

vertical plane dividing the body or structure into anterior and posterior portions

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20

transverse plane

horizontal division of the body into upper and lower portions

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21

The body is divided in to 4 parts

The head and the neck the trunk upper limbs lower limbs

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22

Cephalic

Head

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23

Cervical

Neck

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24

Cranial

skull

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25

Frontal

forehead

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26

Occipital

back of head

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27

Ophthalmic

Eyes

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28

Oral

mouth

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29

Nasal

Nose

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30

Femoral

Thigh

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31

Patellar

front of knee

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32

Pedal

Foot

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33

plantar

sole of foot

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34

Popliteal

Hollow behind the knee

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35

digital

Toes also fingers

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36

Axillary

armpit

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37

costal

ribs

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38

Mammary

breast

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39

Pectoral

chest

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40

Vertebral

backbone

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41

Abdominal

abdomen

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42

Gluteal

buttocks or rump

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43

Inguinal

groin

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44

Lumbar

lower back

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45

Pelvic

Pelvis/ Lower part of Abdomen

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46

Umbilical

navel

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47

Perineal

Between Anus and External Genital

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48

pubic

pubis

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49

Brachial

upper arm

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50

Carpal

wrist

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51

Cubital

Elbow

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52

forearm

lower arm

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53

Palmar

palm

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54

Osteokinematics

Deals with the relationship of the movement of bones around a joint axis (e.g., humerus moving on scapula).

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55

Arthrokinematics

Deals with the relationship of joint surface movement (humeral head's movement within glenoid fossa of scapula)

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