Bio Unit Assessment

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Biology

9th

On the four biomolecules (Nucleic acids, proteins, carbs and lipids)

41 Terms

1

polar

have an even distribution of electrons and mix with water

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2

non-polar

have an uneven distribution of electrons and do not mix

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3

unsaturated fats

has a bend because it's a double bond, liquid at room temp

<p>has a bend because it&apos;s a double bond, liquid at room temp</p>
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4

saturated fats

in a straight line, no double bonds, solid at room temp

<p>in a straight line, no double bonds, solid at room temp</p>
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5

elements in proteins

carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen

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6

number of different monomers in proteins

20 (different r groups)

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7

monomer name for proteins

amino acids

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8

protein functions

transport, storage, structural support, defense (immune system), enzymes

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9

collagen is a...

polypeptide

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10

proteins are

amino acids

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11

polymer name (proteins)

polypeptides

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12

enzymes

regulate the chemical reactions

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13

nucleic acids monomer

nucleotides

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14

nucleic acids polymer

DNA and RNA

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15

nucleic acids 3 main components

nitrogen base, 5 carbon sugar, phosphate group

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16

elements in nucleic acids

carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen, phosphorus

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17

nucleic bases

adenine, thymine, cytosine, guanine, uracil

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18

nucleic base only in DNA

thymine

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19

nucleic base on in RNA

uracil

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20

DNA forms ___ stranded molecules

double

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21

RNA forms ____ stranded molecules

single

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22

DNA function

encodes genetic information

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23

DNA is found in

chromosomes which are in the nucleus

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24

RNA function

builds proteins, single stranded, bases are A,U,C,G

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25

RNA sugar

ribose

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26

DNA sugar

deoxyribose

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27

the 3 types of RNA

tRNA, rRNA, mRNA

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28

what are the pairs of nucleic bases

at and cg (adenine, thymine and cytosine, guanine)

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29

How do nucleic acids help maintain homeostasis?

nucleic acids help make proteins and porteins provide you with energy

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30

primary structure

chain amino acids

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31

secondary structure

twists/bends to sheets/helixes, hydrogen bonds

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32

tertiary structure

coils in on itself, disulfide and covalent bonds

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33

quanternary

multiple amino acids chains*, van der waals forces, not every proein has this

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34

hydrolisis

a reaction when you are adding water to a polymer to make two monomers

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35

dehydration synthesis

taking water out of two monomer to make a polymer

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36

nucleic acids diagram

knowt flashcard image
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37

polymers are found in

lipids, nucleic acids, carbs, proteins (all biomolecules)

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38

sugars and starches are

short term energy (carbohydrates)

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39

monosccharide

knowt flashcard image
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40

triglyceride

knowt flashcard image
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41

amino acid

knowt flashcard image
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