Content and contextual analysis of selected primary sources

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The following questions may be helpful to you as you begin to analyze the sources

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The following questions may be helpful to you as you begin to analyze the sources

  1. Look at the physical nature of your source. This is especially important and powerful when dealing with a source such as an actual old letter instead of a transcribed and published version of the same letter. What are you able to learn from the source form? Was it written in elegant handwriting on fancy paper or scrap-paper in pencil?

  2. What’s that saying to you? Think of the source’s purpose. What was the message or argument from the author? What did he/she tries to do? Is the message explicit, or are the messages implicit?

  3. How is the author trying to convey the message? Which methods is he/she doing?

  4. What are you familiar with the author? Religion, age, region, political beliefs, race, sex, class, occupation? Is there any of these? How do I do it?

  5. Who was the intended audience? Was this source intended for the eyes of one person or the audience? How does the source affect that?

  6. What can you be told by a careful reding of the text or even by an object? How is language working? What are the symbols or metaphors that are important? What can the selection of words of the authors tells you?

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  1. Content

  2. Citation

  3. Communication

  4. Context

  5. Connections

  6. Conclusions

6C’s

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  1. Date

  2. Localization

  3. Authorship

  4. Analysis

  5. Integrity

  6. Credibility

Garraghan (1950) identified six points of inquiries to evaluate the authenticity of a primary source

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  1. The genealogy of the document

  2. The genesis of the document

  3. The originality of the document

  4. The interpretation of the document

  5. The authorial authority of the document

  6. The competence of the observer

  7. The trustworthiness of the observer

They also evaluate in terms of internal criteria which include seven factors identified Howell and Prevenier (2001)

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Cavite mutiny

The root cause of the commotion in Cavite in the year 1872.

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GOMBURZA (Mariano Gomez, Jose Burgos, Jacinto Zamora)

Tatlong Paring Martir na nagarote

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Propaganda Movement

Payapa na reporma; idaan sa hindi madugong labanan.

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La Solidaridad

Pahayagan ng Propaganda Movement

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Laong Laan

Jose Rizal

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Plaridel

Marcelo H. del Pilar

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Diego Laura

Graciano Lopez Jaena

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Naning/ Kalipulako/ Tigbalang

Mariano Ponce

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Taga ilog

General Antonio Luna

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Jose Maria Panganiban

Jomapa

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Pedro Paterno Alejandrino Prof. Bluementrit Dr. Morietta

Mga nagsulat pa sa La Solidaridad

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  1. Propaganda Movement

  2. Asosiacion Hispano-Filipino

  3. La Liga Filipina

  4. Katipunan

Mga nangyari bago ang Kartilya ng Katipunan

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La Liga Filipina

Called a civic association

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Jose Ma. Basa

He created the civil code of La Liga Filipina

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July 3, 1892

La Liga Filipina created in Ilaya St. Tondo, Manila

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Ambrosio Mabini Franco

Made the Los Compromisarios

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Los Compromisarios

contribute as an aid to Propaganda movement in Spain

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Andres Bonifacio

  • Man of Action

  • have radical views

  • did not join Los Compromisarios

  • did not believe that the Philippines' independence in peaceful request

  • Violent revolution

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Pio Valanzuela

He persuaded Dr. Jose Rizal to form an alliance with Bonifacio on the day of his execution.

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July 7, 1892

When was Katipunan made?

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KKK or Katipunan

Kataastaasan, Kagalanggalangang Katipunan ng mga Anak ng Bayan

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Katipunan

Founded by Filipino patriots Deodato Arellano, Andrés Bonifacio, Valentin Diaz, Ladislao Diwa, José Dizon, and Teodoro Plata, the _________ was a secret organization until it was discovered in 1896. Founded in No. 72 Azcarraga St. Tondo, Manila.

  • a revolutionary society

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  • Unite Filipinos

  • Fight for Independence

Purpose of Katipunan

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Triangle System

Recruitment style wherein one person recruits 2 more and the two also recruit two other people each.

  • Sikretong Rito sa Misonarya

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3 level of Membership

  1. Katipun

  2. Kawal

  3. Bayani

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Katipun

first grade ( black mask with white ribbon and letters) Password: Anak ng Bayan

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Kawal

green mask and green sash; medalya na may titik "ka" Passwword: Gomburza

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Bayani

Red mask Password: Rizal (Honorary President of Katipunan)

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25 female members

How many female members does Katipunan have according to Zaide?

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Role of female members in Katipuna

  • Magbantay ng sikretong papel, dokumento ng katipunan

  • secret meeting sila ay nasa salas nagkakasiyahan para madistract yung mga gobyerno

  • Tumutulong sa recruitment

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Kalayaan

Pahayagan ng Katipunan

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Kartilya ng Katipunan

Role model of Filipinos who wants to join the Katipunan. Written by Emilio Jacinto

  • batas at prinsipyo ng katipunan

  • gabay ng bagong miyembro -1st edition by Bonifacio and Jacinto

  • has introductory part that is long

  • contains seven pages

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  1. purpose-driven life

  2. not be selfish

  3. kindness

  4. Equality

  5. Honor

  6. Being a man of word

  7. Importance of time

  8. Fighting for what is right

  9. Trust and confidentiality

  10. Being a leader

  11. Women deserve respect

  12. Every action has its consequences

  13. Right character and good value

  14. Desire of Emilio Aguinaldo: Nation's hopefulness

Fourteen rules of Kartilya ng Katipunan

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24 years old

Emilio Jacinto died because of Malaria

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March 22, 1869

Emilio Aguinaldo was born

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December 15, 1875

Emilio Jacinto was born

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"Pingkian", "Dimasilaw", "Ka Ilyong"

Emilio Jacinto

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Emilio Jacinto

  • Tagasalita at tagahawak ng kaperahan ng grupo

  • Wrote the Kartilya ng Katipunan

  • 19 years old when he joined KKK

  • At 21 years old he became a general rank

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Decalogo ng Katipunan

  • Written by Bonifacio but was not published

  • Nailathala noong 1892

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Dulot ng Kartilya ng Katipunan

  • Pagtuklas sa katipunan ( Kapatirang espiritwal)

    • kilala ba natin ang kabuuang kadakilaan ng katipunan

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1st cry of Philippine Independence

Mahal na araw, 1895

  • Bonifacio with katipunero climb the Mountain of Montalban in Rizal.

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April 10, 1895

Pinasok ng mga katipunero ang kweba ni Bernardo Carpio (Pamitinan Cave)

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Aurelio Tolentino

Kumuha ng charcoal at sinulat sa kweba ang "Viva La Independencia Filipina"

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Middle of 1896

Preparation sa war to declare independence

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Father Mariano Gil

The Parish priest of Tondo who heard about KKK and tell it to the authority

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August 19, 1896

Katipunan was discovered by a Spanish friar, which resulted in the start of the Philippine Revolution.

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August 23, 1896

Cry of Pugad Lawin

  • pagpunit ng sedula

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August 30, 1896

Battle of San Juan (Pinaglabanan)

  • digmaan nina Bonifacio

  • Hindi trained ang katipunero

  • Unang narealize ang kahinaan ni Bonifacio bilang isang leader

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Magdiwang

Bonifacio's team; monarchial

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Magdalo

Aguinaldo's team; republic

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March 22, 1897

The election of the new government in Katipunan was held in Tejeros Convention, San Francisco Malabon/ General Trias, Rizal. In the house of Recollects at 2 pm.

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Naic, Cavite

Death of Bonifacio Brothers ( Andres at Procorpio Bonifacio) The trial is held here.

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Pedro Giron

inutusan daw ni Bonifacio na patayin si Aguinaldo

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Pico de Loro

lugar kung saan gustong ipadala ni Aguinaldo ang magkapatid na Bonifacio

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May 10, 1897

Pinatay Bonifacio Brothers

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Mga gunita ng Himagsikan

Aguinaldo's memoir

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1896-1897

Timeline ng mga nangyari sa Mga Gunita ng Himagsikan

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1928-1946

Year na ginawa ang Mga Gunita ng Himagsikan

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Battle of Binakayan- Dalahican

was a simultaneous battle during the Philippine Revolution that was fought on November 9–11, 1896 that led to a decisive Filipino victory.

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Attack of cazadores in Timalan

Part of Mga gunita ng Himagsikan

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1899-1901

3 years term of Aguinaldo

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Balanghai

boat (sail boat), dito nagmula ang konsepto ng barangay

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Datu/Dato

ruler/ namumuno sa barangay

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Dato

Customs of the Tagalogs

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Datu

lecture on Early Ancestors

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Barangay

Binubuo ng 30 - 100 pamilya

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Malalaking barangay (2000 populasyon)

Sugbu (Cebu) Maynilad (Manila) Bigan (Vigan) Maktan (Mactan)

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Bahay

yari sa kawayan/kahoy bubong - palm leaves (nipa palm leaves) hagdan (labas) - inaalis tuwing gabi at kapag aalis silong - nilalagyan ng panggatong, palay at hayop (manok, aso, o pusa)

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silong

nilalagyan ng panggatong, palay at hayop (manok, aso, o pusa)

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kanin

staple food noong Early Ancestors

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palayok at kawayan

gamit sa pagsasaing

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dahon ng saging

plato ng early ancestors

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bao

ininuman (baso) ng early ancestors

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huge bamboo tubes/tapayan (banga)

water storage ng early ancestors

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Pagkain at Inumin

  • kanin- staple food palayok at kawayan - gamit sa pagsasaing

  • gamit ang kamay sa pagkain

  • dahon ng saging - plato

  • bao -ininuman (baso)

  • huge bamboo tubes/tapayan (banga) - water storage

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Tattoo

hayop, bulaklak, at geometric figures para mapaganda ang katawan para maipakita sa madla kung ilang digmaan na ang nasamahan (war records)

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Cleanliness and Neatness

During sunsent - oras ng paliligo Gogo - shampoo

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Anak

nabibigyan ng disiplina, magbigay respeto sa nakakatanda, mahalin ang magulang at sumunod sa utos ng Datu/barangay

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Tatay

  • head of the family

  • ang mga salita ay batas

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Nanay

housekeeper maaaring magpangalan sa mga anak

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Aliping namamahay

  • May sariling bahay at ari-arian

  • hindi pwedeng ipagbili ng Datu

  • Hindi na kailangan magpaalam sa Datu kung mag aasawa

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Guiguilir (Guiguilid)

  • walang ari-arian

  • nakatira sa bahay ng pinagsisilbihan

  • pwedeng ipagbili

  • kinakailangan ng permiso ng Datu kung mag aasawa

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Bigaykaya/dowry

kapalit sa kamay ng mapapangasawa

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divorce

loss of affection adultery (wife) cruelty insanity childlessness

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Alyansa

dalwang barangay Sandugo/Sanduguan- blood compact

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Umalohokan

taga-announce ng batas sa isang barangay

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Bathala

creator (Supreme God)

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Idianale

Goddess of agriculture

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Lakampati

God of harvest (Tagalog)

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Kolyog

God of earthquakes (Ifugao)

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Maliari

God of power and strength (Zambal)

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Dal' lang

Goddess of beauty (Ilocano)

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Kidul

God of thunder (Kalingga)

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Sidapa

God of death (Visayan)

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Poko

God of sea (Tagbanua)

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early spirits

anito (Tagalog) diwata (Visayan)

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