Assemblages Test 4

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What are the most common types of gypsum board?

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Architecture

57 Terms

1

What are the most common types of gypsum board?

*regular wallboard *type-x board *water-resistant board

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2

What are the other types of gypsum board?

*coreboard *prefinished board *foil-backed board *backing board *sheathing board

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3

What materials can be used to make carpet?

*nylon *polypropylene *wool *acrylic *polyester *cotton *plastic fibers

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4

What are the carpet textures?

*cut pile *loop pile *combination loop and cut

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5

What are the four types of wood moldings and trim?

*cornice *rails *baseboard *casings

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6

What are the types of paint?

*primers - basecoat *sealers - basecoat to reduce absorption *finish - coat

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7

What are the types of coats that paint finishes can come in?

*oil - trim due to tough elastic film *latex - walls *epoxy - abrasion, corrosion, and chemical resistant *rust inhibiting - metal *fire - retardant *heat - resistant

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8

What is a stain?

*penetrates wood *water based *spirit based *oil coat

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9

What is a varnish?

*forms hard, lustrous, usually transparent coating on wood surface *spar, polyurethane, lacquer, shellac

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10

How do interior finish materials affect interior illumination?

*lighter-colored materials raise interior levels of illumination *darker colors and heavier textures result in a darker interior

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11

How do you control acoustics between rooms?

between rooms, acoustic privacy is created by partitions that are both heavy and light

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12

What does STC mean?

sound transmission class

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13

What are the general trends in interior finishes?

*systems made up of discrete components instead of integral, single-piece components *systems made up of lighter materials instead of heavy ones *systems made up of "dry" materials instead of "wet"

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14

fire wall

extends from foundation to roof

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15

fire barrier wall

does not extend from foundation to roof, but instead are full-height partitions that reach from the top of one floor slab to the underside of the next

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16

What happens to gypsum plaster as it cures?

it gives off heat and expands slightly

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17

How does gypsum resist the passage of fire?

*the fire, in order to destroy the gypsum, must drive off the water of hydration in the gypsum *this takes considerable time as the water of hydration absorbs the heat

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18

What elements are part of a plaster wall system?

*two coat *three coat *metal lath - expanded, rib, self furring *wood lath - common in older buildings *gypsum lath *trim accessories

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19

What are the various trim accessories that can be part of a plaster wall system?

*corner beads, casing beads *f-reveal, corner mold, base screeds *gypsum plaster expands

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20

scratch coat

first coat placed onto the metal lath and is scratched when still wet in order to create a rough surface to which the second coat can bond mechanically

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21

brown coat

second coat used to build strength and thickness and to present a level surface for the application of the third or finish coat

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22

What accessories are used for lath trim?

*edge beads *corner beads *control joints

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23

How does gypsum lath bond to plaster?

since there is no scratch coat, as with metal lath, the brown coat is used to bond to the gypsum lath

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24

What is the least expensive plaster system?

veneer plaster

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25

How is gypsum board manufactured?

a slurry of gypsum is sandwiched between special paper faces and passed between sets of rollers to reduce it to the desired thickness

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26

What is Type X gypsum board and why is it used?

its gypsum core is reinforced with glass fibers, which gives it better resistance to fire

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27

What is the most common type of edge on gypsum board?

tapered

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28

How is gypsum board formed for installation?

*one paper face is scored with a sharp knife *snapping the brittle core along the score line *cutting the paper face along the fold created by the snapped core

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29

How do you bend gypsum board to a radius?

*its faces can be wetted to increase its flexibility *a quarter-inch-thick board is produced and marketed especially for use in creating tight radii

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30

What are the types of ceilings?

*exposed *attached *suspended

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31

How did acoustical ceilings get their name?

ceilings made from fibrous materials in the form of lightweight tiles or panels are customarily referred to as acoustical ceilings because most of them are highly absorptive of sound energy, unlike plaster and gypsum board, which are highly reflective of sound

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32

What are the three major grids used in acoustical ceilings?

*exposed *recessed *concealed

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33

What is an interstitial ceiling?

a strongly-built ceiling suspended in a sufficient distance below a floor structure that workers can walk on to service the above-ceiling mechanical and electrical services

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34

How is terrazzo flooring installed?

*formed in place or installed as factory-made tiles *for stair treads, window sills, and other large components, terrazzo is often precast

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35

What are the installation options for carpet?

either glued directly to the floor deck or stretched over a carpet pad and attached around the perimeter of the room by means of a tackless strip (a continuous length of wood, fastened to the floor, that has protruding spikes along the top to catch the backing of the carpet and hold it taut)

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36

What are the types of wood flooring?

*solid *engineered flooring

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37

What are the types of solid wood flooring?

*strip *plank *block

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38

What are the different types of resilient flooring?

*vinyl sheet *homogenous vinyl tile *vinyl composition tile (VCT) *cork tile *rubber tile *linoleum sheet *linoleum tile

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39

special construction

those elements of a building that have unique characteristics and that therefore should be considered as separate entities

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40

What are the types of special construction?

*stairs *elevators *ladders *escalators *fireplaces *kitchens *bathrooms *plumbing fixtures *accessible fixtures

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41

What are the types of vertical transportations?

*stairs *ladders *elevators *escalators

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42

What materials can stairs be made of?

*wood *concrete *steel

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43

What are the stair types? Be able to sketch them.

*straight-run stair *quarter-turn stair *half-turn stair *winding stair *circular stair *spiral stair

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44

What are the elements that make up a stair? Be able to sketch them.

*landings *handrails *treads, risers, and nosings *balusters *stringer (wall, open, rough, carriage, face) *newel post or post

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45

treads

footways that span the distance between the supporting carriages

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46

risers

vertical boards that close off the stair space and help to make the construction rigid; some stairs have no risers

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47

newell post

*vertical wood or support member at the landing or start of a stair *a post can be square or turned *a standard post diameter is 3.5"

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48

baluster

upright support of a handrail that prevents objects or people from going over the edge of a balcony or open side of a stair

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49

ladders

*vertical transportation used primarily in industrial construction and utility and service areas *may also be used in private residential construction where space is extremely tight and traffic is minimal

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50

What are the types of elevators?

*electric *hydraulic

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51

What is a work triangle?

connects the three major kitchen centers

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52

What are the three kitchen centers?

*refrigerator center for receiving and preparing food *sink center for food preparation and clean up *range center for cooking and serving

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53

What are the types of kitchen layouts?

*parallel walls *L-shape *U-shape *single wall

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54

What are the types of wall cabinets?

*combination wall unit *basic wall unit

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55

What are the types of base cabinets?

*sink base unit *drawer unit *basic base unit *base corner unit

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56

What are the types of tall cabinets?

*wall oven unit *utility closet or pantry unit

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57

What are all of the plumbing fixtures?

*water closet *lavatory *bathtub *square bathtub *urinal *bidet *shower *single bowl sink *double bowl sink *sink with drain boards *utility sink

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