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Mesopotamia was known as the "Fertile Crescent "because
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of its crescent shape and availability of fertile or "rich "soil…good for planting.
Canals and irrigation ditches were built to
redirect the water to the fields.
________: belief in many gods.
Mesopotamia was located
between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers.
irrigation systems, the plow, the wheel/cart
The first major civilization was
Slaves and peasants
were at the bottom of the social pyramid and rulers, priests and the wealthy were at the top.
The wealthier you were
the closer to the ziggurat you lived
The job of priests were to
store and distribute surplus
collect taxes in the form of goods
make sacrifices and pray to the unpredictable gods of Mesopotamia
Sumerians believed their purpose on Earth was to
serve the gods
The forces of nature and all the evils were under control of the Gods, so
Sumerians offered food and animals to please the gods.