Carbohydrates

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35 Terms

1

ose

what is the suffix usually at the end of a sugar

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2

Monosaccharides

Single units of sugars are known as?

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3

OH

what are the hydrocarbon chains of sugars usually studded with?

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4

carbonyl

what functional group is always found in a sugar? (hint: not hydroxyl)

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5

121

(just type number no space)

What is the ratio of C:H:O in sugars?

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6

S

Quick note (press s to skip):

Functions:

Fuel for cell respiration

Energy storage

Structural Components

Cell surface markers

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7

Glucose

Molecular formula: C6 H12 O6

What is this also known as?

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8

Isomers

______________ are molecules that have the same molecular formula but different structures

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9

Glucose

What is the main carbohydrate used in cell respiration

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10

rings

what shape are sugars almost always found in?

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11

Alpha

Is this the alpha or beta glucose molecule?

<p>Is this the alpha or beta glucose molecule?</p>
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12

Beta

Is this the alpha or beta glucose molecule?

<p>Is this the alpha or beta glucose molecule?</p>
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13

Disaccharides

the name when 2 monosaccharides combine

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14

Glycosidic Linkage

The oxygen bridge between two monosaccharides is called?

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15

Dehydration Synthesis

2 monosaccharides joining to create a disaccharide requires the process known as?

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16

Sucrose

Glucose + Fructose = ?

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17

Lactose

Galactose + Glucose = ?

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18

Maltose

Glucose + Glucose = ?

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19

Alpha

what type of glucose polymer (alpha or beta) focuses on energy storage

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20

Beta

what type of glucose polymer (alpha or beta) focuses on structure

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21

Beta

What glucose polymer makes lots of H-bonds?

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22

Glycogen

Type of alpha polymer that is stored in the body and used when the body needs a quick boost of energy, or if the body is in need of food.

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23

Starch

Type of alpha polymer that is usually found in plants and is used for energy storage.

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24

away

On an alpha-glucose molecule, does the -OH group point at you or away from you? (at or away)

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25

at

On a beta-glucose molecule, does the -OH group point at you or away from you? (at or away)

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26

Polysaccharides

starch is an example of? (what kind of saccharide)

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27

release

Polysaccharides cost little energy to build and they are easily reversible, which means they can ________ energy.

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28

faster

the more branches a molecule is, the (faster/slower) it will release glucose units for use in cell respiration

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29

Cellulose

Indigestible substance that plants have

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30

Beta

is cellulose a(n) alpha or beta polymer?

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31

H-bonds

what is the key feature that Cellulose and Chitin have?

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32

Chitin

A sugar found in the cells walls of fungi and shells of arthropods

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33

NH2

for Chitin, what functional group replaces an -OH

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34

Hydrolysis

The reaction that breaks disaccharides into two monosaccharides is called?

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35

Right

Which glucose is the most common? (left or right)

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