Pathology 1

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The preliminary presence of diffuse hemosiderosis is compulsory when there is:

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1

The preliminary presence of diffuse hemosiderosis is compulsory when there is:

Pulmonary infarction

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2

Which of the listed below contributes to hypovolemic shock developmenT

Liquidas and electrolyte loss

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3

Per diapedesis hemorrhages are typically associated with Stomach ulcer

Stomach ulcer

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4

The most common location for hemorrhagic infarction is

Intestines

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5

Which of the following types of thrombi could be formed in arterial vessels?

Mixed thrombi

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6

Which of the following is not an option for a thrombosis resolution?

Separation

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7

A 4 year old girl has a broken arm. After her cast is removed 6 weeks later, her healing arm is markedly smaller than her normal arm. The mechanism is

Diffuse atrophy

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8

Which of the following extracellular components is formed first during the process of healing?

Type III collagen

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9

Vicarious hypertrophy is often seen in:

Lungs

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10

The contraction of the wound results from:

Fibroblast proliferation and synthesis of collagen III

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11

Hyalinosis is not associated with:

Waxy spleen

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12

Hemorrhagic diathesis typically results in:

Thrombocytopenia

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13

Spleen induration associated with congestion results from:

Chronic right ventricle failure

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14

Shock lung is not associated with:

Calcium deposition

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15

Epitheloid cells originate from:

Macrophages

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16

Special enzymes are released during necrosis from:

Lysomsomes

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17

Iron (FE +++) intracellular accumulation is associated with:

Idiopathetic hemochromatosis

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18

Hemochromatosis manifests as:

Bronze diabetes

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19

Caissons disease is associated with:

Gas embolism

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20

In case of atrophy fascia hepatic liver cells accumulate:

Lipofuscin

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21

Hypertrophy is the increase in the volume of an organ or tissue due to:

Increase in the volume of parenchymal cells

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22

Which of the following statements is wrong?

Smooth muscle regeneration is performed by the process of hyperplasia of the preserved myocytes

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23

Pseudohypertropy is the increase in the plume of an organ or tissue due to:

Increase in the volume of fat or connective tissue

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24

Which of the following is an example of metaplasia?

Squamous epithelium in a main bronchus of a smoker

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25

Right ventricle hypertrophy is typically associated with:

Pulmonary hypertension

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26

Which of the following is considered a thrombotic risk factor?

Endothelial injury

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27

At the time of obstruction, how long does it take for a myocardial infarction (necrosis) to be evident in light microscopy observation?

8 - 12 hours

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28

Hemorrhagic type of inflammation is typical for:

Flu

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29

Which of the mentioned below is not used to color lipids?

Congo red

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30

Metastatic calcification is associated with:

Parathyroid glands tumors

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31

Glaze or sugar icing deposits represent:

Hyaline deposition

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32

The usual outcome of a brain infarct is:

Pseudocyst

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33

The most common type of cells found in a foci of acute inflammation are:

Neutrophils

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34

Which of the following mediators of inflammation is not a chemotaxic one?

Lysosomal protein

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35

Which of the mentioned below is not considered as a thesaurismosis .....?

Graves' disease

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36

Which of the following diseases leads to cachexia:

Tuberculosis

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37

The post mortal coagulated appear:

Elastic with smooth surface

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38

Which of the following is the most accurate gross description of the thrombi?

Thick and brittle

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39

Per rhexin hemorrhage is usually due to:

An acute aortic aneurism rupture

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40

Generalized oedema could be observed in:

Heart failure

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41

Which of the following hemorrhages is associated with gastrointestinal tract?

Haematemesis

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42

Which of the listed below organs is considered the most common location for the ischemic (anaemic) infarctions?

Kidney

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43

Hemorrhages resulted from diapedesis are typically due to:

Asphyxia

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44

Eosinophils are most typically found in:

Allergic diseases

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45

Which of the following is a type of purulent inflammation:

Empyema

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46

Catarrhal inflammation is:

A serous inflammation in mucous membranes

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47

Which cells are not typically found in foreign- body granuloma:

Eosinophils

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48

Granulation tissue is not associated with:

Healing of mucosal erosions

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49

The process of tissue differentiation to a higher level of organization is called:

Prosoplasia

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50

The proliferation of glandular epithelium of female breast at puberty is an example of:

Hormonal hyperplasia

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51

The differentiation of cells to a lower level of organization is called

Anaplasia

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52

Approximately 1 cm in size renal infarction will heal via:

incomplete regeneration

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53

Neutrophil leukocytes are associated with:

Granulation tissue

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54

The process of phagocytosis is typically associated with:

Kupffer cells

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55

Which of the following is a type of chronic inflammation?

Inflammation around parasites

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56

Polipous inflammation is a type of:

chronic productive mucosal inflammation

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57

Anthracosis is associated with:

Typical mosaic appearance of the lungs

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58

What type of organism causes Aspergillosis

Fungus

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59

The differentiation of cells to a lower level of organization is called:

Anaplasia

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60

Hyaline deposition happens in:

Blood verses after plasmorrhagia

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61

The secondary obesity is associated with:

In case of Itsenko- cushing disease

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62

Which of the mentioned below substances accumulates in intracellular matrix?

Amyloid

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63

Tay sacks disease is associated with:

GM 2 Gangliosides

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64

The most common type of cells found in foci of acute inflammation are?

Neutrophils

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65

Plasma cells:

originate from B- lymphocytes

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66

Hemorrhage per diapedesis often involves:

Capillaries

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67

Which of the listed below is the most appropriate stain technique for the fat embolism detection?

Frozen sections, stained with Oil red and Sudan II

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68

Chronic right ventricle congestion leads to:

Induration of the spleen

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69

Metrorrhagia by definition is:

Bleeding from the uterus between menstruation

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70

Give an adequate definition to a phlebolith:

Calcification within venous thrombus

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71

Which of the following is a characteristic feature of chronic abscess:

Pyogenic membrane

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72

Which of the following phases of leukocytes exudation is due to the specific interaction between endothelium and leukocytes?

Margination

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73

Which of the following is not considered an adaptive response?

Dysplasia

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74

Regarding hyperplasia which statement is correct?

It is limited to cells capable of mitosis division

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75

Which of the following organs has the best regeneration ability?

Liver

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76

Stasis is associated with:

Capillaries

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77

Which of the following stages is not observed in circulatory shock?

Functional

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78

Per diabrosin hemorrhages are typicallly associated with:

Stomach ulcer

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79

Hemosiderosis manifests as:

Bronze diabetes

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80

In case of thesaurismoses, intracellular accumulations of the metabolic products?

Do not undergo reversible development

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81

The Ganma- Gandi bodies are usually observed in the spleen due to:

Chronic right heart failure

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82

When there is arterial hyperemia, the affected organs are presenting with all of the features, except:

Low temperature

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83

Dry gangrene typically affects:

Extremities in case of atherosclerosis

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84

In which of the following granulomas necrosis is not present:

Sarcoidosis

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85

Deep fibrinous inflammation is also known as:

Diphtheritic

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86

Langhans cells are typically associated with:

Tuberculosis

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87

The specific Granuloma in syphilis is called:

Gumma

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88

Esophageal structures formed after ..... ...... swallowing are caused by:

Granulation structure ..... production

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89

Cell mediators of inflammation are:

Prostanglandins

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90

Crupous pneumonia is a typical example of:

Fibrinous inflammation

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91

Which of the following is not associated with exudate formation:

Platelets adhesion and agglutination

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92

What is the possible outcome of acute inflammation:

Fibrosis

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93

The sarcoid granulomas typically tend to contain:

Reticular fibers

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94

Abscess develops more frequently in the:

Brain

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95

Left ventricular wall thickening in arterial hypertension is due to:

Cardiac workload associated hypertrophy

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96

Which of the following accurately defines cellular adaptation:

Development of a new, altered steady state

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97

. Neutrophil leukocytes are associated with:

Granulation tissue

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98

Pulmonary edema usually results from hemodynamic disorder due to:

Myocardial infarction

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99

Chronic passive congestion of the left side heart leads to:

Induratio fusca pulmonum

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100

The condition when both lungs are heavy enlarged and there is abundant foamy fluid leaking out of their cut surface is usually corresponding to:

pulmonary edema

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