Week 3: Social Aspects of Aging

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Ageism

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26 Terms

1

Ageism

Systematic stereotyping of and discrimination against people because of their age.

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2

Institutionalized ageism

our societal structure is based on the fact that everyone is young, failing to tend to the needs of older people

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3

Internalized ageism

once labelled old and begin to be treated differently by society, an older persons self concept will be affected.

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4

filial piety

Prominent in traditional Chinese culture

  • emphasizes importance of caring for parents but extends to obeying them and honouring ones ancestors

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5

positive ageism

overemphasis on positive images of aging

(can stigmatize older persons who cannot meet this ideal)

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6

Recap: Population is aging because of 3 demographic changes:

  1. declining fertility rates

  2. increasing life expectancy

  3. immigration

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7

there are more ____ _____ and better ____ _________ in aging friendly neighbourhoods

green space

street connectivity

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8

Contextual vs. Compositional effects

composition:

➢ Making more of these built environment features because the neighbourhood is composed of more seniors

context:

➢ Older people move to the area with these features because it is healthier for them (context)

“people make the places OR places make people

  • High demand from older individuals for built environment, therefore they will be built (compositional)

  • Features already built (contextual) attracts older individuals

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9

Population age distribution is changing. This is not a crisis if:

  1. we understand the trends

  2. the society responds with evidence-based feasible policies

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10

Policy - definition

A set of ideas or a plan of what to do in particular situations that has been agreed to officially by

  • a group of people,

  • a business organization,

  • a government,

  • or a political party

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11

Policy only works if:

  • targeted

  • feasible

  • evidence-based

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12

Policy in context on population aging

Situation:

  • more older adults and possibly dependency issues

goal:

  • increasing the productivity of older adults

    • healthy aging, social services, aging in place

for good policy we need:

  • evidence of trajectories of aging and related issues

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13

reasonable policies

By making older people productive (healthy aging, changes in labour regulations) this ratio doesn’t mean dependency anymore

so…

  1. Address real issues

  2. goal is clear

<p>By making older people productive (healthy aging, changes in labour regulations) this ratio doesn’t mean dependency anymore</p><p>so…</p><ol><li><p>Address real issues</p></li><li><p>goal is clear</p></li></ol>
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14

Interaction between social factors throughout life

knowt flashcard image
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15

modernization theory

The social status declines as people age

due to lack of contribution?

  • An inevitable result of aging or policies?

  • Example of mandatory retirement at 65

  • Older people themselves believe age is a limitation

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16

intergenerational issues

Increasing life expectancy results in intergeneration competitions

  • Can the job market be modified? \n

Change in family values/relations

  • Shall care for older adults remain a responsibility of families?

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17

Age relation

  • older people themselves believe age is a limitation

  • age organizes the society

    • gives power and identity

    • limits access to resources

  • intersects with other social factors

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18

Intersectionality

social factors as creators of ‘social location’

  • age as a social factor

eg.

  • being an older women of colour

    = combines harms of marginalization

    • impacts on health

    • concomitant strengths, resilience, and power arising from combinations of social locations

      • mobilize to improve health/ social status

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19

Ageism

  • negative value of ageing process

  • seeing older people as ‘others’

  • frequent verbal comments, jokes

  • stereotypes include:

    • weak, incompetent, no contribution

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20

Social consequences of ageism

  • An unhealthy aging population

  • Assumed burden becomes real burden

  • Internalization: accepting that when you are old you are only receiver of services

    • Can’t contribute anymore

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21

Why does ageism persist?

  • Normal response to fear of death?

    • Old age as a reminder for inevitable death

  • Learned socialization

    • ➢ During childhood

    • ➢ Media

    • ➢ Marketing

  • Social discourse

    • Culture(s) that value health, youth, independence

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22

culture vs cohort

“Caring for” does not necessarily mean “caring about”

  • Neglect of issues in other cultures

  • Living together not necessarily equals better care, higher affectation

Growing up in different times means different life skills

  • Misunderstanding

Segregation of age groups

  • Stereotypes

  • Conflicts

Key: age integration, age literacy

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23

Is it possible to eliminate ageism?

  • Fundamental changes in social structure, attitude, etc.

    • Some progress

    • We can learn from improvement in other ….isms

  • A Public effort

  • Example of positive ageism?

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24

What does ageism do to the society?

  • Reinforces intergenerational conflicts

    • Segregates the society

  • Deprives the society of potential contribution of potentially efficient older individuals who have internalized ageism

  • Impacts social, mental, and physical health of older individuals

  • Delays achieving the goal of health aging

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25

Birth rate vs Fertility rate

Birth Rate:

  • The total number of births in a year per 1,000 individuals.

Fertility Rate:

  • The total number of births in a year per 1,000 women of reproductive age in a population

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26

Summary

  • Potential detrimental impact of aging population can be modified by proper policies

  • Strong social-related factors generate and reinforce ageism

  • Combating ageism is a social effort, responsibility of all age groups

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