Types of Business

studied byStudied by 4 people
5.0(1)
get a hint
hint

What is the difference between a invention and an innovation

1 / 66

Tags and Description

67 Terms

1

What is the difference between a invention and an innovation

An invention is an original idea or concept typically solving a problem, an innovation is an improvement to a previously invented product, like changing how it’s used.

New cards
2

Patent

Gives the owner the sole right to make, use, or sell an invention for a set amount of time.

New cards
3

Copyright

Give someone the exclusive right to publish, produce, sell, and distribute music art, works of literature, and software

New cards
4

Licensing Agreement

When the inventor allows another business to use their invention for a fee, the inventor receives a royalty fee.

New cards
5

Selling The Rights

The inventor sells and gives up complete control of their invention

New cards
6

What is SWOT used for

Evaluating Ideas

New cards
7

What does SWOT stand for

Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, Threats

New cards
8

Explain the basic characteristics of a sole proprietorship

Solely owned, Small Staff, Single person has lots of roles and responsibilities

New cards
9

3 Advantages of Sole Proprietorship

Owner gets all profits Owner can try new things and make all decisions Very fulfilling, personal satisfaction

New cards
10

3 Disadvantages of Sole Proprietorship

Unlimited liability Owner may not have expertise in all areas of business Financing may be difficult

New cards
11

Limited Liability

Owner is personally responsible for all debt to creditors (eg. they can come after your assets)

New cards
12

What are the basic characteristics of a partnership

Owned by two or more persons Generally formed in order to share expenses and expertise Written partnership agreement

New cards
13

3 Advantages of Partnership

Share decision making, Shared ideas, Shared Responsibilities Easier to borrow money Possibility of more capital than sole proprietorship

New cards
14

3 Disadvantages of Partnership

Limited capital may restrict the size Unlimited liability Sharing of profits Possibility of conflict

New cards
15

Why do companies incorporate

Raise Funds (rather than get a loan which can put you in debt, and you have to pay back) Limited liability

New cards
16

What do companies sell when they incorporate their business

Shares

New cards
17

Characteristics of a corporation

A separate legal entityLimited Liability Not always big and can be private or public

New cards
18

3 Advantages of a corporation

Shared decision making Shared responsibilities Can easily raise capital Limited liability

New cards
19

3 Disadvantages of a corporation

Inability to give every customer personal attention Costly to startup Double taxation (taxes on profits and dividends/earnings)

New cards
20

What is limited liability

Debts are limited to company assets (eg. they can't come after your house)

New cards
21

What is a charter

A collection of documents that is created when a business is incorporated that outlines the rules and regulations by which a corporation is to be governed

New cards
22

Proxy

A shareholder giving their right to vote to another shareholder when they don’t want to vote

New cards
23

Shareholders

Have the right to vote on company decisions, elect the board of directors, receive a percentage of companies profits.

New cards
24

What is a Board of Directors? What are their major responsibilities

A board of directors is elected by shareholders and directs the overall affair of the company, and appoints executive officers.

New cards
25

Who is the Executive

The executive officers are CEO CFO COO, or in smaller companies Presidents, VP's and Directors

New cards
26

Who makes one up and what are their major responsibilities

The board of directors appoint them and they decide company objectives, responsible for running areas of the organization

New cards
27

How does a cooperative work

Business owned and operated by a group of people with a strong common interest One member one vote Each member receives their “wage” in the form of a patronage refund Purpose is service not profit

New cards
28

3 Cooperative Advantages

Member help run the business Lowered risk level Limited liability

New cards
29

3 Cooperative Disadvantages

Members will have same amount of control Difficult to make decisions Commitment will vary leading to resentment

New cards
30

Patronage Refund

A sort of credit to purchase something from a cooperative that you receive after making a contribution that you can use to purchase something from the cooperative.

New cards
31

What is a franchise? Who is a franchisor? A franchisee?

A franchise is sold by a franchisor to another person a franchisee that essentially sells the rights to use the business name and sell products and services in a given area

New cards
32

What is drawn up when a franchisee purchases a franchise

A franchise agreement

New cards
33

3 Advantages of a franchise

Personal ownership Proven track record and recognition Location choice

New cards
34

3 Disadvantages of a franchise

Expensive to buy Pay ongoing royalty fees Many rules and regulations

New cards
35

Who are the owners of a crown corporation

Government Federal/provincial/municipal shareholders

New cards
36

3 Examples of Crown Corporation

Canada Post Bank of Canada CBC

New cards
37

Why are crown corporations established

To create essential services for the people of their countries To ensure there are no monopolies and ensure competition

New cards
38

What is the difference between a public corporation and a private corporation

Public has lots of shareholders and is open to the public Private only has up to 50 shareholders and the owner typically owns majority

New cards
39

Assets

Anything a business or person owns of dollar value

New cards
40

Collateral

Assets that borrower offers the lender, as a guarantee eg. property for repayment of loan

New cards
41

Share

A unit of ownership in a corporation

New cards
42

Dividends

A part of a corporation's profit shareholders receive

New cards
43

3 Arguments for CSR

Customers want the businesses to be socially responsible (more sales) Allows a stronger labour force because best people want to work for best countries Customer Loyalty companies with a reputation for being socially responsible gain a larger share of the consumer market

New cards
44

3 Arguments against CSR

Dilutes business purpose Initial Cost of developing these programs Lack of public accountability

New cards
45

5 CSR Principles

Work Environment Donating to Charity Truthful Advertising Protect the Environment Fair Labour Policies

New cards
46

5 Benefits to Business who embrace international trade

Access to Markets Access to Resources Increased Quality of Goods Increased Quantity of Goods Cheaper Labour

New cards
47

5 P's of International Trade to consumers

Product: International business allow us greater variety and allow us to access things we cant access where we live (citrus fruits) Price: The cost of producing goods vary from country to country, lower production costs = lower prices Proximity: Sometime it will cost less for shipping something if you live close to the border than shipping it from the other side of your country Preference: Some countries are known to produce the best of certain goodsPromotion: The ease of promotion gives incentive to companies to reach beyond their domestic market for customers

New cards
48

Define balance of trade? What is the difference between a trade deficit and trade surplus? How do you calculate it?

Balance of trade is when exports and imports are equal, to calculate exports - imports a trade deficit is when there are more imports than exports, and a surplus is vice versa

New cards
49

Why do countries implement protectionist policies

To protect domestic industries from unfair competition

New cards
50

Embargo

When a country ends trade with another country due to political and social protest (non tariff barrier)

New cards
51

Prohibited/restricted good

The prohibition of the entry of certain items into the country (non tariff barriers)

New cards
52

Quota

The prohibition of the entry of certain items into the country (non tariff barriers)

New cards
53

Tariff

The percentage of the product price which is to be charged as a duty this is so the prices aren't to low for domestic markets to compete with

New cards
54

Unlimited Liability

The business owners are fully legal responsible for all business debts, meaning in the case of bankruptcy the bank can go after your assets

New cards
55

Limited Liability

Means that owners aren’t personally liable of debts to the business (the bank cannot go after personal assets)

New cards
56

G7

The world’s most powerful industrialized democracies

  • Canada

  • United States of America

  • Japan

  • Britain

  • France

  • Germany

  • Italy

New cards
57

NAFTA/USMCA

North American Fair Trade Agreement (NAFTA)/United States Mexico Canada Agreement (USMCA): Applies to goods and services that are made in of of the tree countries; all custom duties remain on goods manufactured anywhere else

New cards
58

WTO

World Trade Organization, deals with the global rules of trader between nations, made up of 159 countries

New cards
59

Joint Venture

A new legal entity/businesses is formed between two or more businesses, both share control, and everything else

A + B → JV

New cards
60

Strategic Alliance

An agreement between two or more companies to pursue mutual goals while remaining independent

New cards
61

Merger

A combination of two or more companies into one larger company A B → AB

New cards
62

Acquisition

One company purchasing another A B → A

New cards
63

Offshoring

The relocation of a company’s operations to another country

New cards
64

Outsourcing

The practice of subcontracting work to other companies

New cards
65

Multinational Corporation

A business that conducts business in several different countries

  • They operate as if there are no borders

New cards
66

Why do companies sell shares in their business

To raise funds without borrowing from financial institutions. This helps them expand and  develop new products

New cards
67

hi

hi

New cards

Explore top notes

note Note
studied byStudied by 8 people
Updated ... ago
4.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 5 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 10 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 3 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 7 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 1 person
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 20 people
Updated ... ago
4.5 Stars(2)
note Note
studied byStudied by 7 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)

Explore top flashcards

flashcards Flashcard45 terms
studied byStudied by 7 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard32 terms
studied byStudied by 15 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard245 terms
studied byStudied by 16 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard34 terms
studied byStudied by 10 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard20 terms
studied byStudied by 2 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard42 terms
studied byStudied by 4 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard22 terms
studied byStudied by 188 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(5)
flashcards Flashcard97 terms
studied byStudied by 465 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(6)