12/14 India + China test

studied byStudied by 55 people
5.0(5)
get a hint
hint

Harappans

1 / 62

Studying Progress

0%
New cards
63
Still learning
0
Almost done
0
Mastered
0
63 Terms
1
New cards

Harappans

also known as the Indus Valley Civilization, most mysterious civilization

New cards
2
New cards

undeciphered language

why are the Harappans so mysterious?

New cards
3
New cards

carefully designed cities;sewer system;grid patterned streets

urban society in the Indus Valley civilization

New cards
4
New cards

symbolic animals/nature; “Tree of Life”

Religion in the Indus Valley Civilization

New cards
5
New cards

theories on the end of the Harappan era

Gradual fade from power;natural disaster;outside conquerer

New cards
6
New cards

Indo-Aryans

the second group to dominate Indo-Gangetic Plain

New cards
7
New cards

The Vedic Age

India from 1500-1000 BC. Aryan influences

New cards
8
New cards

Sanskrit

language of Indo-Aryans

New cards
9
New cards

Raja

title of ruler in Indo-Aryan civilization

New cards
10
New cards

duties of raja

run city states;military legal authoruty;council

New cards
11
New cards

Caste System

a colorist social structure in the Indo-Aryan civilization

New cards
12
New cards

Hinduism

a modern day religion that developed from a combination of Harappan and Indo-Aryan religions

New cards
13
New cards

Om(aum)

“that which sustains everything”; the central symbol of Hinduism

New cards
14
New cards

Turiya

Enlightenment

New cards
15
New cards

The Human conciousness

Wake, Sleep, Dream

New cards
16
New cards

Monism

Belief that all existing things are a part of a single energy or substance

New cards
17
New cards

Brahma

The Creator in Hinduism; holds a vessel containing water and lotus blossoms

New cards
18
New cards

Vishnu

“The Preserver”; maintains existence; holds a conch and Naga(a snake with multiple heads)

New cards
19
New cards

Shiva

“The Destroyer”; positive destruction; shown with a drum (beat of destruction) and a snake

New cards
20
New cards

Vedas

religious text that forms the foundation of Indian Religion for centuries

New cards
21
New cards

Mahabharata

a Hindu parable story; Vishnu becomes human; similar to Romeo and Juliet

New cards
22
New cards

Ramayana

a Hindu parable story; Rama and Sita

New cards
23
New cards

Untouchables

bottom of the caste system; viewed as a “disease”; called “Children of God” by Ghandi

New cards
24
New cards

samsara

the repeating cycle of birth, life, and death

New cards
25
New cards

dharma

fulfillment of ones moral duty in life

New cards
26
New cards

karma

positive or negative force generated by your actions; decides your fate in next life

New cards
27
New cards

Moksha

liberation from samsara; soul reunites with the universal energy

New cards
28
New cards

Ahimsa

compassion for all life; includes animals

New cards
29
New cards

Yoga

popular modern-day practice originating from Hindu practice to discipline and harmonize body and soul

New cards
30
New cards

Siddhartha Gautama

Indian Prince in 500s BC; witnesses suffering of mankind and questions Hinduism

New cards
31
New cards

Great Renunciation

Siddhartha Gautama leaving Hinduism and his life due to unanswered philosophical questions

New cards
32
New cards

Nirvana

Enlightenment on earth

New cards
33
New cards

The Buddha

what Siddhartha Gautama became after being the first to experience Nirvana; “Enlightened one”

New cards
34
New cards

Bodhisattvas

believed by some buddhists; those who turn back from nirvana to help society reach salvation

New cards
35
New cards

the 4 Noble Truths

Life is suffering; the cause of suffering is desire; the cure for suffering is to remove desire; to remove desire follow the eightfold path

New cards
36
New cards

follow the Eightfold path

how to remove desire

New cards
37
New cards

similarities of Hinduism and Buddhism

reincarnation process; actions on earth decide progress of soul; human desire must be controlled

New cards
38
New cards

Shang Dynasty

first recorded Chinese dynasty

New cards
39
New cards

Zhou dynasty

second recorded dynasty; longest ruling Chinese dynasty

New cards
40
New cards

Mandate of Heaven

rules to prove the transition of one Chinese dynasty to another

New cards
41
New cards

the right to rule is granted by heaven; there is only one heaven, so only one ruler; the right to rule is based on the virtue of ruler; the right to rule is not limited to one dynasty

the principles of the Mandate of Heaven

New cards
42
New cards

Animism; ancestor worship; dragons

Shang & Zhou religious evidence

New cards
43
New cards

Oracle bones

religious artifacts from the Shang dynasty; don’t have many today because they were consumed

New cards
44
New cards

Qin

the dynasty that overthrows the Zhou

New cards
45
New cards

Yin and Yang

balance

New cards
46
New cards

Yin

dark, night, passive, female

New cards
47
New cards

Yang

light, day, hot, active, male

New cards
48
New cards

Qi

keeps yin & yang balanced; life force; flows through everything

New cards
49
New cards

progression of dynasties; food

practical applications of Yin & Yang

New cards
50
New cards

Feng Shui

placement of objects to allow flow of Qi

New cards
51
New cards

Buddhism

a religion branching off of Hinduism; founded by Siddartha Gautama; anti-caste

New cards
52
New cards

Brahmins

priests; first class on caste

New cards
53
New cards

Kshatriyas

warriors and rulers; second class

New cards
54
New cards

vaisyas

skilled traders, merchants, minor officials; third class

New cards
55
New cards

sudras

unskilled workers and peasants; fourth class

New cards
56
New cards

Parians

outcasts/untouchables; last class

New cards
57
New cards

aging dynasty

a new dynasty becomes an

New cards
58
New cards

virtue

behavior showing high moral standards

New cards
59
New cards

neutral

rice is _____

New cards
60
New cards

bronze

metal used by the shang

New cards
61
New cards

dynastic cycle

the pattern of the governments’ receiving and losing the Mandate is depicted in China’s _____

New cards
62
New cards

pictographs

Early Chinese writing

New cards
63
New cards

citadel

structure in the middle of Indian cities

New cards

Explore top notes

note Note
studied byStudied by 14 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 18 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 476 people
Updated ... ago
4.6 Stars(19)
note Note
studied byStudied by 7 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 4873 people
Updated ... ago
4.7 Stars(49)
note Note
studied byStudied by 16 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 5 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 13 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)

Explore top flashcards

flashcards Flashcard47 terms
studied byStudied by 42 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard67 terms
studied byStudied by 4 people
Updated ... ago
4.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard42 terms
studied byStudied by 33 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard62 terms
studied byStudied by 2 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard91 terms
studied byStudied by 449 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(4)
flashcards Flashcard105 terms
studied byStudied by 9 people
Updated ... ago
4.0 Stars(2)
flashcards Flashcard156 terms
studied byStudied by 7 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
flashcards Flashcard105 terms
studied byStudied by 21 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(3)