AP HUG Chapter 3 Vocab: Migration

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Circulation

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29 Terms

1

Circulation

Short-term, repetitive, or cyclical movements that happen on a regular basis. (3.1, p#80)

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2

Mobility

All types of movement between locations. (3.1, p#80)

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3

Migration Transition

A change in the migration pattern in a society that results from industrialization, population growth, and other social and economic changes that also produce the demographic transition. (3.1, p#81)

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4

International Migration

Permanent movement from one country to another. (3.1, p#82)

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5

Voluntary Migration

Permanent movement undertaken by choice. (3.1, p#82)

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6

Forced Migration

Permanent movement compelled by cultural or environmental factors. (3.1, p#82)

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7

Interregional Migration

Permanent movement from one region of a country to another. (3.1, p#83)

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8

Intraregional Migration

Permanent movement within one region of a country. (3.1, p#83)

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9

Internal Migration

Permanent movement within a particular country. (3.1, p#83)

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10

Emigration

Migration from a location. (3.1, p#84)

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11

Immigration

Migration to a new location. (3.1, p#84)

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12

Net Migration

The difference between the level of immigration and the level of emigration. (3.1, p#84)

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13

Counterurbanization

Net migration from urban to rural areas in more developed countries. (3.2, p#93)

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14

Intervening Obstacle

An environmental or cultural feature of the landscape that hinders migration. (3.3, p#94)

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15

Pull Factor

A factor that induces people to move to a new location. (3.3, p#94)

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16

Push Factor

A factor that induces people to leave old locations. (3.3, p#94)

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17

Step Migration

Migration that follows a path of a series of stages or steps towards a final destination. (3.3, p#94)

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18

Internally Displaced Person (IDP)

Someone who has been forced to migrate for similar political reasons as a refugee but has not migrated across an international border. (3.3, p#95)

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19

Refugees

People who are forced to migrate from their home country and cannot return for fear of persecution because of their race, religion, nationality, membership in a social group, or political opinion. (3.3, p#95)

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20

Asylum Seeker

Someone who has migrated to another country in the hope of being recognized as a refugee. (3.3, p#95)

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21

Floodplain

The area subject to flooding during a given number of years according to historical trends. (3.3, p#96)

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22

Remittance

Transfer of money by workers to people in the country from which they emigrated. (3.3, p#99)

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23

Unauthorized Immigrant

A person who enters a country without proper documents to do so. (3.3, p#103)

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24

Brain Gain

Large-scale immigration by talented people. (3.4, N/A)

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25

Brain Drain

Large-scale emigration by talented people. (3.4, p#104)

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26

Family-Based/Chain Migration

Migration of people to a specific location because relatives previously migrated there. (3.4, p#104)

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27

Quota

In reference to migration, a law that places maximum limits on the number of people who can immigrate to a country each year. (3.4, p#104)

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28

Circular/Cyclic Migration

The temporary movement of a migrant worker between home and host countries to seek employment. (3.4, p#108)

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29

Guest Worker

A term once used for a worker who migrated to the developed countries of Northern and Western Europe, usually from Southern and Eastern Europe or from North Africa, in search of a higher-paying job. (3.4, p#108)

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