ANTH 102: Exam 2

studied byStudied by 45 people
0.0(0)
get a hint
hint

Manner of death is determined by

1 / 80

Tags and Description

81 Terms

1

Manner of death is determined by

Forensic anthropologists

New cards
2

The most effective way to discriminate a male from female skeleton

Pelvic shape

New cards
3

New Anthropology

  • Ethnoarchaeology

  • Mortuary practices & Reassociation of skeletal remains with grave goods

  • Binford

New cards
4

Bioarchaeology

  • No legal context

  • Osteobiographies

  • Lived experiences of past lives

New cards
5

Differences in femurs due to biological response to cultural stimulus

Lovejoy & Ruff

New cards
6

Cause of death is determined by

Coroners

New cards
7

NOT a side effect of NAGPRA

End of bioarchaeology

New cards
8

NAGPRA stands for

Native American Graves Repatriation Act

New cards
9

Uses knowledge from current cultures to make inferences about past cultures

Ethnoarchaeology

New cards
10

Bone dissolving cells

Osteoclasts

New cards
11

Cause of death is

  • Cessation of breath

  • Cardiac arrest

  • Cessation of brain activity

New cards
12

Manner of death is

Circumstances surrounding a person's death

New cards
13

Bone growth during development primarily occurs at the

Metaphysis

New cards
14

Bone forming cells

Osteoblasts

New cards
15

Fully mature bone cells

Osteocytes

New cards
16

NOT a method of primate locomotion:

Faunivory

New cards
17

Number of bones in human body:

206

New cards
18

Sir W.E. Le Gros Clark

First Primatologist

New cards
19

Florivorous primates have:

High sharp molars

New cards
20

Which species conceals estrus?

Homo sapiens

New cards
21

Sectorial premolar:

Canine honing

New cards
22

Brachiation

mode of locomotion which involves swinging from branch to branch.

New cards
23

Quadrumanous locomotion:

Orangutans

New cards
24

NOT a primate trait

Wet noses

New cards
25

The following is NOT a primate mating system:

Mandible

New cards
26

NOT an ape:

Baboon

New cards
27

Size difference between males and females

Sexual dimorphism

New cards
28

Tarsiers are

Haplorhines

New cards
29

NOT a prediction of sociobiology

Female infanticide

New cards
30

What is NOT a constraint on male reproduction?

Distribution of food on the landscape

New cards
31

Which animal engages in post-reproductive period (menopause) maternal care?

Orcas

New cards
32

The Grandmother Hypothesis explains?

Post-reproductive period

New cards
33

Invest 13 years in the future

Cicadas

New cards
34

What is a constraint on female reproduction?

Access to resources

New cards
35

Senescence

Process of aging

New cards
36

Non-biological stages of life

  • Kindergarten

  • First job

  • Marriage

New cards
37

Highly constrained by evolution & life cycle

Dental eruption

New cards
38

Allocare

Non-maternal care

New cards
39

Coocoo bird

Parasitic lifecycle

New cards
40

What does "osteo" mean?

Home

New cards
41

What is bioarchaeology?

Study of ancient & historic human remains in a richly configured context that includes all possible reconstructions of the cultural and environmental variables relevant to interpretations drawn from those remains

New cards
42

What is osteology?

Study of bones (bioarchaeology, forensics, physical anthropology, paleopathology, paleoanthropology, anatomy)

New cards
43

Wealth of info

The human skeleton provides a wealth of information on the health, diet, lifestyle, ancestry, and demography of past peoples

New cards
44

What are the six physiological functions?

Support & movement, muscle attachment, protects vital organs, contains marrow, stores for calcium & phosphorus, synchronizes w/ hormonal system

New cards
45

Bone Chemistry

24% organic (collagen), 76% non-organic (calcium, minerals, phosphate)

New cards
46

Heterodont dentition

Incisor - Canine - Premolar - Molar

New cards
47

Human Adult Dentition Formula

2-1-2-3

New cards
48

What is the biocultural approach?

the scientific study of the interrelationship between what humans have inherited genetically and culturally

New cards
49

Ancestral Haplorrhine

Tarsiers

New cards
50

Frugivore

  • Fruit

  • Seasonal

  • In groves

New cards
51

Folivore

  • leaves

  • Less seasonal

  • Widely dispersed

New cards
52

Insectivore

  • Insects

  • Not seasonal

New cards
53

Gumnivore

  • Sugar/tree gum

  • Not seasonal

  • Widely dispersed

New cards
54

Faunivory

  • Meat eating (non-insect)

  • Not seasonal

  • Widely dispersed

New cards
55

Vertical clinging & leaping

  • Lemurs & Lorise

  • Arms and legs same length

  • Legs more bent

  • Body oriented vertically

New cards
56

Arboreal Quadrupeds

  • Monkeys

  • Slightly longer legs

  • Prehensile hands/feet

  • Long tail

New cards
57

Terrestrial Quadrupeds

  • Baboon

  • Similar arm & leg length

  • Short tail

New cards
58

Semi-Brachiation

  • New World Monkeys

  • Prehensile tail

New cards
59

Knuckle Walking

  • Gorillas

  • Longer arms than hind limbs

  • Scapula on back

  • Curved fingers

New cards
60

Bidepalism

  • Humans

  • Long legs compared to arms

  • Inferior foramen magnum

  • Valgus knee

  • Arched foot, parallel big toe

New cards
61

Polyandry

One female mates w/ multiple males

New cards
62

Polygamy/Harem

One male mates w/ multiple females

New cards
63

Multimale-Multifemale w/ Fission/Fusion

Multiple mating opportunities

New cards
64

Aggressive displays

Yawning, smiling, chest thumping

New cards
65

Affiliative displays

Grooming, allomothering/allocate, reciprocal altruism

New cards
66

Two concepts of the human mind

Plato: Divine ideas are inherent Aristotle: Experience shape ideas

New cards
67

Sociobiology

Study of the biological basis for animal & human behavior

New cards
68

Criteria for reciprocal altruism

  • Brain size (bigger brain = bigger social groups)

  • Reproduction potential

New cards
69

Diurnal

Day

New cards
70

Nocturnal

Night

New cards
71

Cathemeral

Varying times

New cards
72

Crepuscular

Dusk/dawn

New cards
73

What kind of debts do primates remember?

  • Who owes you

  • Who you owe

  • Who bullied you (social debts)

New cards
74

Brain stem function

Keeps basic funcions regulated

New cards
75

Cerebellum function

Muscular coordination

New cards
76

Neocortex

Where higher thinking takes place

New cards
77

Brain to body ratio

Smaller animals = smaller brains Larger animals = larger brains

New cards
78

Expensive Tissue Hypothesis

Trade-off between brain size and size of gut--happened with food that is easily digested and higher quality (meat) and extra-oral (outside of mouth) processing of food

New cards
79

Hox genes

Controls each section of the brain that natural selection can operate on

New cards
80

How do human brain neurons differ from primate brain neurons?

Different in connection between neurons, but not number of neurons

New cards
81

Grey Matter vs. White Matter of the brain

Grey matter (neurons): 10% higher volume White matter (glial cells & myclinated axons): connect all brain cells

New cards

Explore top notes

note Note
studied byStudied by 34 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 37 people
Updated ... ago
4.0 Stars(2)
note Note
studied byStudied by 3 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 104 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
note Note
studied byStudied by 392 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(6)
note Note
studied byStudied by 3 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 16 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)

Explore top flashcards

flashcards Flashcard30 terms
studied byStudied by 7 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard34 terms
studied byStudied by 16 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard28 terms
studied byStudied by 7 people
Updated ... ago
4.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard20 terms
studied byStudied by 9 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard20 terms
studied byStudied by 24 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard31 terms
studied byStudied by 25 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard129 terms
studied byStudied by 3 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard136 terms
studied byStudied by 85 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)