HHD Unit 1 AOS 1

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1946 WHO definition of health

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Health

11th

49 Terms

1

1946 WHO definition of health

a state of COMPLETE physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity

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2

More inclusive definition of health

An individual is able to realise goals and satisfy needs.

Can cope with the environment.

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3

Well-being

Combination of physical, mental, emotional, spiritual, and social factors. It is how you feel about yourself and your life.

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4

The five dimensions of health

Physical

Mental

Emotional

Social

Spiritual

(PMESS)

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5

Physical health

The functioning of the body and it’s systems and capacity to perform daily tasks

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6

Social health and wellbeing

Ability to form meaningful and satisfying relationships and adapt to social situations

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7

Emotional health and wellbeing

Able to identify, understand, manage and express emotions and ability to display resilience

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8

Mental health and wellbeing

ability to form opinions, make decisions and use logic

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9

Spiritual health and wellbeing

ideas, beliefs, values and ethics that arise in the mind and conscience of human beings

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10

Physical health and wellbeing characteristics

-functioning of the body and its systems

-capacity to perform daily tasks or activities

-Regular physical activity

-balanced diet

-sufficient sleep

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11

Mental health and wellbeing characteristics

-ability to form opinions, make decision and use logic

-ability to think and process information

-confidence and optimism

-positive self-esteem

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12

Emotional health and wellbeing characteristics

-express feelings positively

-display resilience

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13

Social health and wellbeing characteristics

-ability to form meaningful and satisfying relationships

-adapt to different social situations

-support by family and community

-strong communication skills

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14

Spiritual health and wellbeing characteristics

-ideas, beliefs, values and ethics

-concepts of hope, peace, a sense of meaning or value

-morals, values, a sense of purpose in life

-connection or belonging

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15

Emotional intelligence

-ability to recognise and respond to one’s own emotions or the emotions of others

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16

Describing the impact of something on someone’s health and well-being

-link to a dimension

-use characteristics

e.g. how does going to school affect someone’s health and well-being

Going to school means participating in sport class. This can improve levels of fitness, promoting physical health and well-being.

underline- example

italic- characteristic

Bold- health dimension

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17

SES

Socioeconomic status

Determines by combination of education, occupation and income

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18

What causes a variation in perspectives of health

(SCARG)

socioeconomic status

culture

age

religion

gender

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19

How does socioeconomic status influence the perspectives of health

-lower socioeconomic groups are more likely to have less-informed opinion about health (e.g. more likely to smoke cigarettes and not be concerned about impact on health)

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20

How does culture influence the perspectives of health

-some cultures view health in a medical sense and will priorities medicines whereas other cultures may believe bad health is supernatural and promote prayer

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21

How does age influence the perspectives of health

-health and wellbeing perspectives become more complex as we get older

-adults have a more holistic view of health and consider more dimensions than children

-young adults are more focused on body image

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22

how does religion influence the perspectives of health

-different religions will prioritise different health dimensions

-religions in general are likely to prioritise spiritual health and wellbeing

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23

How does gender influence the perspective of health

-females are typically more health conscious and have a more holistic view of health (consider more dimensions)

-males often associate health with physical dimension with a focus on physical fitness

-males are less likely to perceive themself as being at risk of illness or injury

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24

What are the dimensions of health for aboriginal and torres strait islander people

physical health and wellbeing

social and emotional health and wellbeing (one dimension)

Culture

Connection to the land

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25

How does aboriginal and torres strait islander people’s perspective on health differ to others

-more focused on the whole community than the individual

-has a whole-of-life view on life (more broad view)

-prioritise culture and connection to the land

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26

Health status

measurable aspects of H + W that allow judgments about the health status of individuals, groups or populations

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27

Health status indicators

-morbidity

-core activity limitation

-life expectancy

-self-assessed health status

-rates of hospitality

-burden of disease

-mortality

-incidence and prevalence of health conditions

-psychological distress

(my crazy little sister ruby bakes mice ice-cream pies)

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28

morbidity

-measures the effects of non-fatal conditions on a group (injury, illness, disease)

-measured using YLD

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29

core activity limitation

-if there is difficulty in self-care, mobility or communication there is a core activity limitation

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30

life expectancy

how long a person is expected to live

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31

self-assessed health status

how someone assesses their own health status

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32

rates of hospitalisation

the amount of people admitted to hospital due to unforeseen circumstances or chronic conditions

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33

burden of disease

-combines mortality and morbidity data

-measures in DALY

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34

mortality

-level of death of a population

-measured in YLL

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35

incidence

number of new cases (usually within year)

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36

prevalence

number of total cases

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37

Psychological distress

unpleasant feelings that impact the functioning of an individual

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38

YLD

-Years of life lost due to disability

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39

YLL

-Years of life lost

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40

DALY

-disability-adjusted life years

-1 DALY is one year of healthy life lost

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41

Socio-cultural factors that contribute to variations in health status and health behaviours

-peers

-education

-employment

-income

-family

-access to health info

-housing

(pee if a h)

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42

Health behaviours

actions that impact health status

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43

Peers

-support

-influence (good or bad)

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44

education

-gain knowledge and skills

-more likely to act upon health promotion messages

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45

employment

-work conditions

-working with different personalities

-working in fast food (exposure to hot oil, water ect.)

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46

income

-impacts location of house

-impacts what you have access to

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47

family

-provides environment where youth are raised

-provides support for issues

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48

access to health information

-self-manage health and wellbeing

-monitor symptoms

-online info is good for people in remote locations

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49

housing

-overcrowding

-household location

-drinking quality water

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