Unit 7a - Memory examples

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working memory

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33 Terms

1

working memory

remembering a phone number

remembering someone’s name while having a conversation

remembering directions when given

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2

encoding

seeing your crush for the first time :)

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3

storage

hallway crush’s looks are now in your memory

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4

retrieval

thinking about your hallway crush 24/7 <3

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5

sensory memory

scanning the hallways (visual)

smelling McDonald’s (smell)

sitting on something (touch)

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6

short-term memory

what you ate for lunch

details about your day yesterday

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7

long-term memory

first job

math skills/concepts

special moments in your life

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8

effortful processing/explicit memory

everything new that we learn in school that we must study for the test

paying attention when a coach is coaching you and having to remember what he said

taking a test and remembering information

recalling events in your life

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9

automatic processing/implicit memory

directions to the High School

playing Volleyball and knowing how to pass/set/hit

what you ate for dinner yesterday

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10

parallel processing

you walk into a lunch room and you smell the food, hear people talk, and see people

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11

iconic memory

letters are flashed on a screen for less than a second and you’re asked to remember what you saw

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12

echoic memory

listening to a song for the first time and your ears are connecting the newly heard notes together to form the song

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13

chunking

phone numbers are grouped into 3 sections

267 (1)

663 (2)

8514 (3)

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14

mnemonics

visual images

linking method

acronyms

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15

spacing effect

studying parts of a test on Monday, Tuesday, and Thursday and taking the test Friday

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16

shallow processing

how many times does E appear in these words together?

love, bike, ice, no, mark

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17

deep processing

what is the definition of the word fun?

to enjoy an activity

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18

flashbulb memory

the vivid memories I am able to recall days before grandma past away

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19

long-term potentiation (LTP)

volleyball drills in order to strengthen my neurons to be a better passer and to be used to the ball making contact with my arms without hurting

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20

recall

Fill-in-the-Blank tests

Reciting a song

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21

recognition

Multiple Choice Tests

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22

relearning

learning how to play trumpet when I already knew how to play it at one point in my life

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23

priming

you see a rabbit, then your asked to spell hair, but you spell hare instead

why? because when you heard the word rabbit before being asked the question, you thought of hare due to associations

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24

content-dependent memory

If you study at a desk and you take the test at a desk, your prime memory retrieval is better due to associations of study environment and test-taking environment

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25

state-dependency memory

If your depressed when you study for a test and happy when taking the test, chances are you will forget information, but if your depressed when taking the test you will remember information

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26

mood-congruent memories

if your happy you will have happy thoughts/recall happy moments on your life, if your sad you will have sad thoughts/recall sad moments on life

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27

next-in-line effect

You remember everyone else’s name but the person before you when doing introductions

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28

serial position effect

hi, hey, hello, goodbye, yo, see-ya

When asked to memorize, I will most likely remember the words hi and see-ya since it appeared first and last

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29

tip-of-the-tongue phenomenon

“Oh! I remember! Don’t tell me!”

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30

proactive interference

Remembering a new phone number after remembering your old phone number

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31

retroactive interference

When you remember your new phone number you start to forget your old phone number

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32

misinformation effect

The Mandela Effect

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33

source amnesia

The capital of Pennsylvania is Harrisburg, but when/where/how did I learn that?

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