Chapter Nine: Suicide

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Parasuicides

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28 Terms

1

Parasuicides

Unsuccessful suicide attempts

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2

Psychological Dysfunction

A breakdown of coping skills, emotional turmoil, a distorted view of life

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3

Suicide

A self-inflicted death in which one makes an intentional, direct, and conscious effort to end ones life

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4

Death Seeker

A person who clearly intends to end their lives at the time they attempt suicide

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5

Death Initiator

A person who intends to end their life believing that the process of death is already under way and that theyre simply hastening the process

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6

Death Ignorer

A person who doesnt believe that their self-inflicted death will mean the end of their existence

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7

Death Darer

A person who experiences mixed feelings or ambivalence about their intent to die

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8

Subintentional Deaths

When people play indirect, covert, partial, or unconscious roles in their own deaths

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9

Retrospective Analysis

A kind of psychological autopsy in which clinicians and researchers piece together data from the suicide victims past

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10

Immediate Stress

Loss of loved one, loss of a job, significant financial loss, stress caused by natural disasters

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11

Social Isolation

Those without social supports are particularly vulnerable to suicidal thinking and actions

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12

Psychache

A feeling of psychological pain that seems intolerable to the person

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13

Hopelessness

A pessimistic belief that their present circumstances, problems, or mood will not change

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14

Dichotomous Thinking

Viewing problems and solutions in rigid either/or terms

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15

Postvention

Postsuicide programs that hold therapy sessions for recruits that had been close to the suicide victims

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16

Egoistic Suicides

Carried out by ppl over which society has little or no control

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17

Alturistic Suicides

Carried out by ppl who are so integrated into the social structure that they intentionally sacrifice their lives for its well-being

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18

Anomic Suicides

Carried out by ppl whose social environment fails to provide stable structures to support and give meaning to life

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19

Anomie

A societal condition that leaves people without a sense of belonging

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20

Interpersonal Theory of Suicide

People will be inclined to pursue suicide if they have perceived burdensomeness, thwarted belongingness, and a psychological capability to carry out suicide

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21

Perceived Burdensomeness

Believe that their existence places a heavy and permanent burden on their family, friends, and even society

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22

Thwarted Belongingness

Feel isolated and alienated from others

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23

Suicide Prevention Program

A program that tries to identify people who are at risk of killing themselves and to offer them crisis intervention

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24

suicide hotlines

24-hr telephone services in which callers reach a counselor who provides services under the supervision of a mental health professional

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25

Paraprofessional

A person trained in counseling but without a formal degree

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26

Crisis Intervention

A treatment approach that tries to help people in a psychological crisis to view their situation more accurately, make better decisions, act more constructively, and overcome the crisis

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27

Crisis Text Line

Nonprofit crisis intervention service that offers text counseling in partnership with hotlines

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28

Trevor Lifeline

A nationwide, around-the-clock hotline available for LGTBQ teenagers who are thinking about suicide

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