Com 10 midterm review

studied byStudied by 6 people
5.0(1)
get a hint
hint

Interdisciplinary

1 / 122

Tags and Description

123 Terms

1

Interdisciplinary

borrows from sociology, psychology, anthropology etc.

New cards
2

Norm

rules for what behavior is acceptable. Social rules generally conformed to

New cards
3

Folkways

norm

Most lightly held rules

New cards
4

Mores

Strongly held rules

New cards
5

Taboos

Most strongly held rules

New cards
6

SEMCDR Model

source<encoder<message<channel<decoder<receiver

New cards
7

Source

The originating person with an idea

New cards
8

Encoder

The person, who puts it into the form someone else can understand

New cards
9

Message

3 aspects: message code, message content, message treatment

New cards
10

Channel

Refers to the way messages are sent (ex. Face-to-face, over the internet)

New cards
11

Decoder

A person that interprets the code sent by source and transmitting into a form that the receiver can understand

New cards
12

Receiver

person who receives the idea/coded message. Usually in the form of listening or hearing

Who gets the message

New cards
13

Code

shared group of symbols both verbal and nonverbal (ex. Language, colors, music, hand signals)

Symbol system<symbols used to communicate

New cards
14

Content

Beginning to the end of message<first to last symbol.

The “what” being communicated

New cards
15

Treatment

How the content is delivered or conveyed.

Reveals the style, personality, relationship (ex. The way you treat the message from your mom, significant other, and pet would be different)

New cards
16

Double bind

Contradiction of what is said vs how it said.

A clash between content and treatment resulting in two or more conflicting messages contradicting each other (ex. Saying “I’m happy” angrily)

New cards
17

High fidelity

Message gets through from source to receiver without any distortion

New cards
18

Noise

Anything that distorts the message; can occur at any time

**enemy of fidelity

New cards
19

Internal noise

Within individuals in the communication process (ex. Hunger in the individual which stops them from listening carefully)

New cards
20

external noise

physical, social world (ex. Weather, physical noise)

New cards
21

Feedback

Response to a message

New cards
22

Circular model

Any model that incorporates feedback

New cards
23

Linear model

A model that doesn’t incorporate feedback.

SEMCDR model

New cards
24

4 systems of communication

-intrapersonal

-interpersonal

-small group

-mass communication

New cards
25

Intrapersonal

communication within yourself

New cards
26

Interpersonal

communication with one other person

New cards
27

Small group

communication with a group of three or more people (you know everyone)

New cards
28

Mass communication

a group so big you don’t notice who isn’t there.

New cards
29

Dyadic

form of interpersonal communication that refer to the quantitative quality of a communication relationship between two people. It is also known as inter-personal communication.

New cards
30

Mediation

something that intercedes two or more things.

Physical, inanimate thing coming between source and receiver

New cards
31

Non-mediated interpersonal communication

Talking face-to-face

New cards
32

Mediated interpersonal communication

Calling/texting

New cards
33

Non-mediated small group communication

Group of people talking face-to-face

New cards
34

Mediated small group communication

Zoom call, group chat

New cards
35

Non-mediated intrapersonal communication

Thinking your thoughts

New cards
36

Mediated intrapersonal communication

Journaling, grocery lists, to-do lists, mirrors, alarm clock, notes, recordings, calendar, drugs and alcohol

New cards
37

Non-mediated mass communication

Lecture halls (public communication)

Public communication is non-mediated mass communication

New cards
38

Mediated mass communication

Radio, television, news, websites

Impersonal, less dynamic, less feedback

New cards
39

Perception

Complex process by which those perceive, collect, organize, and interpret sensory things

Begins with operation of 5 senses

New cards
40

Perception-Analysis

Second part of perception in which stimuli from the world around observer is synthesized

Active stage, focusing and organizing

New cards
41

Perception-Reception

Mechanical senses<operation of senses

New cards
42

Factors within stimuli/objects which influence perception

-easy/obvious

-intensity

-contrast

-repetition

New cards
43

Factors within ourselves which influence perception

-past learning experiences

-culture

-language

-motivation

-stereotypes

-roles

-mood

-attitude

-psychological tendencies

New cards
44

Sapir-Whorf hypothesis

Language shapes the way you perceive reality

New cards
45

Stereotypes

Aren’t always negative, but tend to have a negative twist

When someone contradicts a stereotype, we consider them the exception

New cards
46

Selective Exposure

Tendency to only expose ourselves to stimulus we align with

New cards
47

Selective Attention

Tendency to pay attention to things you agree with and not pay attention to things you don’t agree with

New cards
48

Selective Retention

Tendency to recall things you agree with and tendency to forget things you disagree with

New cards
49

Verbal language

Symbol system composed of words

Stand for/refer to things in the real world

New cards
50

Bypassing

Problem with verbal language

Different words with the same meaning or same word with a different meaning

New cards
51

Abstraction

Problem with verbal language

Generalizing (ex. Stereotyping)

New cards
52

Euphemism

Problem with verbal language

Pleasant word/phrasing in place of blunt one. May obscure meaning of message

New cards
53

Relative language

Problem with verbal language

Comparative language. Words only clearly defined through comparison

New cards
54

Static evaluation

Problem with verbal language

Using words to make things more static than they really are<<implies consistency (ex. Unchangeable trait)

*it is better to attach these types of words to a time or place

New cards
55

Language is limited/reality is unlimited

Problem with verbal language

We make more distinctions about reality than we have words to describe them with.

Our words can’t capture complete reality of our world

New cards
56

Subcultural differences

Problem with verbal language

Ex. Different regions speak the same language differently

New cards
57

Words serve functions

  1. Stand for/refer to things in real world

  2. We can perform actions with our words

  3. Words evoke emotion

  4. Words reduce uncertainty

  5. Words express complexity

  6. Words promote human contact (meaningful interactions)

New cards
58

Cultural differences in use of language

Elaborate vs succinct

-some languages more elaborate than others

-succinct language valued more in a society which value silence/fewer words

New cards
59

Formality vs informality in use of language

-varies by culture

-different levels of formality detect position of status

-ex. US has very informal practices like addressing strangers by 1st name

New cards
60

Profanity

-Varies from place-to-place, subculture-to-subculture

-as it becomes more widespread, it loses its power/shock value

-has become commonplace

-words considered to be most forbidden change as culture changes

New cards
61

Cultural differences in use of language broken into 4 categories

  1. Elaborate vs succinct

  2. Formality

  3. Structure

  4. Profanity

New cards
62

The encounter has 3 stages

  1. Anticipation

  2. Direct contact

  3. Reciprocity

New cards
63

Self-disclosure can be split into 5 categories

  1. Open self

  2. Hidden self

  3. Blind self

  4. Unknown self

  5. Halo effect

New cards
64

Open self

What you and other people know about you

New cards
65

Hidden self

What only you know about yourself that other’s wouldn’t know at first glance. Ex-religion

New cards
66

Blind self

What others know about you that you don’t know

Ex-you snore in your sleep

New cards
67

Unknown self

What you and other’s don’t know about you

Ex-deep rooted trauma lol

New cards
68

Halo effect

When a person comes to know one trait of a person’s personality and uses that trait to paint a full picture of that person

New cards
69

Different types of intimacy

  1. Physical intimacy

  2. Intellectual intimacy

  3. Emotional intimacy

  4. Shared activity

New cards
70

8 reasons why are we more likely to make relationships with some and not others

  1. Appearance

  2. Similarity

  3. Complementary

  4. Reciprocity

  5. Exchange

  6. Competence

  7. Proximity

  8. Disclosure

New cards
71

Appearance

Why are we more likely to form relationships with some and not others?

—most important in early stages

—general attraction

New cards
72

Similarity

Why are we more likely to form relationships with some and not others?

We like people that like what we like

New cards
73

Complementary

Why are we more likely to form relationships with some and not others?

Differences can strengthen a relationship when they are complimentary

New cards
74

Reciprocity

Why are we more likely to form relationships with some and not others?

You like each other equally

New cards
75

Exchange

Why are we more likely to form relationships with some and not others?

We seek out people who give us good things

New cards
76

Competence

Why are we more likely to form relationships with some and not others?

We like people with abilities

New cards
77

Proximity

Why are we more likely to form relationships with some and not others?

More likely to develop relationships with those close by

New cards
78

Disclosure

Why are we more likely to form relationships with some and not others?

Self-disclosing can build liking if you like what you hear

New cards
79

Phatic communication

Communication to open the channel for more communication—small talk

New cards
80

Coyness

Aspect of flirting

marked by cute or sly playfulness or pretended shyness. using tricks to attract attention.

New cards
81

Body synchrony

Aspect of flirting

Mimicking/mirroring each other subconsciously

New cards
82

Submissive display

Showing little spirit/courage

Playing shy

New cards
83

10 stage model in relationships

  1. Initiating stage

  2. Experimenting

  3. Intensifying

  4. Integrating

  5. Bonding

  6. Differentiating

  7. Circumscribing

  8. Stagnation

  9. Avoiding

  10. Terminating

New cards
84

Initiating stage

Showing interest in making contact with someone else/getting to know them

New cards
85

Experimenting

Looking for common ground/finding favorable qualities

New cards
86

Intensifying

First stage where there is interpersonal relationship/commitment established

New cards
87

Integrating

As relationship strengthens, couple takes on role of social unit; now a pair, a couple

New cards
88

Bonding

Symbolic acts to show the world that this relationship exists

Ex. Marriage

New cards
89

Differentiating

As much as we are a couple, we are also individuals

New cards
90

Circumscribing

Decline in quality or quantity of communication between partners

New cards
91

Stagnation

If circumscribing continues, it can lead to stagnation. Lack of growth. Relationship has become routine/novelty

New cards
92

Avoiding

When stagnation becomes too unpleasant; excuses not to see other person

New cards
93

Terminating

Ending relationship/dissociating with one another

-cost escalation strategy

-pseudo de-escalation

-withdrawal

-fading away

-fait accompli

-state of relationship talk

New cards
94

6 basic types of nonverbal communication

  1. Kinesics

  2. Paralanguage

  3. Space

  4. Time

  5. Artifacts

  6. Environment

New cards
95

Emblems

-related to kinesics

-body movement directly translatable to a phrase

Ex. Peace sign

New cards
96

Illustrators

-related to kinesics

-movements accompanying verbal language

Ex. Hand movements to emphasize speech

New cards
97

Affect display

-related to kinesics

-humans display facial expressions

-gestures and body language

New cards
98

Regulators

-related to kinesics

-Body movements that help us maintain/coordinate the act of speaking and listening

Ex. Nodding, eye contact

New cards
99

Adaptors

-related to kinesics

-how we move our body to feel more comfortable in given situation

-idiosyncratic; fumbling with something to maintain focus

New cards
100

Paralanguage

Vocal but nonverbal aspects of Speech

such as your talking speed, pitch, intonation, volume and more

New cards

Explore top notes

note Note
studied byStudied by 70 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
note Note
studied byStudied by 29 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 8 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 9 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 13 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
note Note
studied byStudied by 4 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 6 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 10 people
Updated ... ago
4.0 Stars(1)

Explore top flashcards

flashcards Flashcard171 terms
studied byStudied by 12 people
Updated ... ago
4.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard37 terms
studied byStudied by 1 person
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard401 terms
studied byStudied by 5 people
Updated ... ago
4.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard53 terms
studied byStudied by 36 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard76 terms
studied byStudied by 3 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard107 terms
studied byStudied by 74 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard73 terms
studied byStudied by 86 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard60 terms
studied byStudied by 11 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)