anatomy mid term..

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what are the four most common elements in the human body?

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56 Terms

1

what are the four most common elements in the human body?

hydrogen, oxygen, carbon and nitrogen

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2

type of transport that uses no energy

passive transport

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3

characteristic arrangement of elements to provide a molecule with specific functions

functional group

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4

this plane divides the body into superior and inferior

transverse

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5

organelles responsible for making protein within the cell

ribosome

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6

all organs are covered in what tissue

epithelium

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7

the smallest unit of living things

cells

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8

which layer of the skin protects the body from bacterial infection and water loss

epidermis

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9

the part of the skin that had adipose tissue to help insulate

hypodermis

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10

only nerve located in the epidermis

merkel cell

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11

epithelial cells adapted for secretion

glands

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12

epidermal cells begin to die in what layer

stratum granulosum

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13

three major layer of the skin (top to bottom)

epidermis, dermis, hypodermis

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14

second degree burns form blisters and damage what layers?

epidermis and dermis

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15

the characteristic by which we classify glands

how cells secrete materials

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16

body tissues that contain a nonliving matrix

connective

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17

an entire muscle is wrapped in a connective tissue called

epimysium

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18

a cord of connective tissue that attached muscle to bone

tendon

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19

connects bone to bone

ligament

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20

a group of muscle fibers enclosed by a perimysium, the outer covering of muscle cells

endomysium

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21

protein found in thick myofilaments

myosin

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22

the smallest unit in the muscular system

sacromere

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23

how to skeletal muscles work

in antagonist pairs

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24

classification of bone tissue is based on

shape of bone

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25

Haversian canal contains

blood vessels and nerves

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26

most of the bones in the body are formed by

ossification - hardening of soft bone

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27

these cells break down or reabsorb bone

osteoclasts

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28

vessles that feed osteocytes are called

canaliculi

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29

spongey bone is located wear in a long bone

the epiphysis

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30

that joint has the largest rang of motion

ball and socket (shoulder)

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31

a mature bone cell

osteocytes

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32

how are joints classified

type of movement

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33

where is yellow bone marrow contained in a long bone

medullary cavity

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34

the tissue that makes up the heart is primarily

cardiac muscle

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35

fibrinogen and fibrin and proteins made by

platelets - to aid in clotting

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36

the most abundant molecule in blood plasma

water

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37

hemoglobin is used by erythrocytes to carry

oxygen

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38

arteries carry blood

away from the heart

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39

cholesterol plaques that cause hypertension form on what part of the artery

tunica intima

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40

hemoglobin is a

protein used RBC’s to carry oxygen

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41

most abundant cell in the body

red blood cells

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42

neurotransmitter in muscle movement

acetylcholine

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43

muscle are only able to

pull

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44

the bone that the muscle anchors itself too

origin

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45

insertion

what bones the muscle contraction moves

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46

melaninoctyes

protect the skin from harmful UV rays

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47

ceruminous gland

make ear wax

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48

sebaceous gland

attached to the hair follicle and secrete oil

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49

what is the dermis comprised of

dense connective tissue, like adipose

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50

thickest layer of the epidermis that’s actively going through mitosis

stratum spinosum

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51

found in the dermis and detect pain

nociceptors

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52

what are hair and nails made of

keratin

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53

what type of epithelium is found in the stomach

columnar

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54

what type of fats posses double/triple bonds

unsaturated fats

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55

what is the respiratory system is dependent on for the movement of molecules across the cell membrane

passive transportation

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56

the body using water to make organic molecules

anabolism

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