AP human geo unit 3

studied byStudied by 48 people
0.0(0)
get a hint
hint

Culture

1 / 65

Tags and Description

Geography

9th

66 Terms

1

Culture

the shared practices, technologies, attitudes, and behaviors

New cards
2

Visible force

seen in a groups actions, possessions, and influence on the landscape

Example: In a city in Japan you can see people speaking Japanese, getting to work or other places using public transportation such as subways

New cards
3

Invisible force

guiding people through shared belief system, customs, and traditions

Example: In Japan many people follow the religion Shinto

New cards
4

Popular Culture

Fast-paced, changeable, urban-based, media-influenced practices and beliefs(Widespread)

Example: Fast food like mc donalds, anime,social media such as tiktok, facebook,and instagram

New cards
5

Traditional Culture

Long-held practices and beliefs, usually resistant to change (includes folk and indigenous cultures, localized)

Example:Hanfu a traditional chinese clothes, holiday like burns’ night in scotland

New cards
6

Folk Culture

Beliefs and practices of small, homogenous(alike) groups of people, often living in rural areas are are relatively isolated and slow to change

Examples: The maypole tradition, where traditional dancing takes place around a pole on May 1st in villages and small towns

New cards
7

Cultural Relativism

evaluating the culture/culture traits of a group using their own perspective for understanding(statement of facts)

Examples:They eat bugs because it has a lot of protein Ethnocentrism: the belief that one’s own culture is the standard and all other cultures should be evaluated against it(can be negative or positive)

New cards
8

Ethnocentrism

the belief that one’s own culture is the standard and all other cultures should be evaluated against it(can be negative or positive)

Examples: It is wrong to eat bugs or It is wrong not to eat bugs

New cards
9

Diffusion

the spatial Spreading or dissemination of a cultural element or other phenomena

New cards
10

Relocation Diffusion

The spread of culture as migrants carry their culture/traits with them

Examples: The forced relocation of Indian works to East Africa caused by British colonization which spread Hinduism to East Africa

New cards
11

Expansion Diffusion

The spread of culture without the need of migration

New cards
12

Contagious Diffusion

The distance-controlled spreading of an idea, innovation, or some other item through a local population by contact from person to person

Examples:Traders from North India/Pakistan trading with Nepal and South India which spread Hinduism

New cards
13

Hierarchical Diffusion

The diffusion of an idea or innovation by first passing among the most connected places or people

Examples: Emperor Constantine converts and many of his subjects convert with him. *In 313 A.D.

New cards
14

Stimulus Diffusion

A form of diffusion where the principle concept remains, but the specifics of the trait is modified

Examples: Chinese porcelain was imported to Europe but because of how expensive it was to import, a different way of producing porcelain was created

New cards
15

Gender

Social group one belongs to based on roles filled in society

New cards
16

Ethnicity

Social group one belongs to based on cultural background

New cards
17

Race

Social group one belongs to based on perceived physical appearance

New cards
18

Nationality

Social group one belongs to based on cultural background

New cards
19

Sex

One of two maincategories an organism can fit into based on anatomical identifiers

New cards
20

Cultural patterns

Consist of related sets of cultural traits and complexes that create similar behaviors across space

New cards
21

Hearth

The region from which innovative ideas originate

New cards
22

Centrifugal Forces

Influences that tend to separate or divide groups within an area

Example: Differing religion or language

New cards
23

Centripetal Forces:

Influences that tend to unify or draw groups together

Example: Sharing religion or language, shared history

New cards
24

Cultural landscape

The visible imprint of human activity and culture on the landscape

Example: Domes on mosque would be a reflection of Islam

New cards
25

Sense of place

A strong feeling or perception people have of a place

Example: Someone’s home or work

New cards
26

Place making

collaborative process by which we can shape our public realm in order to maximize shared value

New cards
27

Sequent occupance

The notion that successive societies leave their cultural imprints on a place, each contributing to the cumulative cultural landscape

Examples: Easter Island Heads, Stonehenge, Pyramids

Example: Pueblo style homes

New cards
28

Ethnic Enclave

Area with a high concentration of a specific ethnic group distinct from the surrounding area

New cards
29

Diaspora

Occurs when one group of people is dispersed to various locations

New cards
30

Linguists

Scientists who study languages, have differing theories as to when humans first began communicating through spoken sound

New cards
31

Language

A system of communication, typically through a collection of sounds, that a group of people understands to have the same meaning

New cards
32

Institutional

A language that is used in education, workplaces, and mass media, and utilized by many

Example: Official language(for particular institutional language)

New cards
33

Toponyms

The names of places can provide insights into the physical geography, the history, or the culture of a location or region

New cards
34

Official Language

One designated by law to be the language of government

Example:French

New cards
35

Homogeneous

Made up largely of ethnically similar people

New cards
36

Developing

The language is in vigorous use, with literature in a standardized form being used by some though this is not yet widespread or sustainable

New cards
37

Vigorous

The language is used for face-to-face communication by all generations and the situation is sustainable but lacks a literary tradition

New cards
38

Troubled:

The language is used for face-to-face communication within all generations, but it is losing users

New cards
39

Dying

The only remaining users of the language are members of the grandparent generation or older who have little opportunity to use the language

New cards
40

Extinct/Dead

The language is no longer used and no one retains a sense of ethnic identity associated with the language

New cards
41

Language Families

A grouping of languages that share a common,but distant, origin

New cards
42

Dialects

Local or regional characteristics of a language

Example: Aunt vs Aunt or Pop vs Soda vs Coke

New cards
43

Isogloss

A specific region in which particular dialect is spoken

New cards
44

Religion

A personal set or institutionalized system of religious attitudes, beliefs, and practices

Example: Christianity, Hinduism, Islam and Judaism

New cards
45

Universalizing Religions

A religion that attempts to appeal to all people, not just those in a particular area

Example: include Christianity, Islam, Buddhism, and Sikhism

New cards
46

Polytheistic

Believing in many gods

New cards
47

Monotheistic:

Believing in one god

New cards
48

Karma

The idea that behaviors have consequences in the present life or future life and in dharma(the righteous path)

New cards
49

Caste system

A rigid class structure, that shaped Indian society

New cards
50

Ethnic Religions

A religion with a relatively concentrated spatial distribution

New cards
51

Lingua Franca

A “common language” used between two speakers of other languages primarily for trade

New cards
52

Creolization

A language that results from the mixing of two languages, Originally begin as pidgin languages

New cards
53

Pidgin Language

A form of speech that adopts a simplified grammar and limited vocabulary from two different languages

New cards
54

Imperialism

A policy of extending a country’s power and influence

New cards
55

Colonialism

An attempt by one country to establish settlements and to impose its political, economic, and cultural principles in another territory

Example:White man's burden, which is the belief is that western Europeans and Americans must educate, enlighten, and develop the undeveloped world

New cards
56

Social constructs

Ideas, concepts, or perceptions that have been created and accepted by people in society or social group and are not created by nature

New cards
57

Urbanization

The clustering of people into cities / An expansion of a city into the surrounding areas developing suburbs

Example: New York city with 8.3 million people

New cards
58

Globalization

Increased interaction between around the world leading to influence on different things such as culture

Example: A Starbucks in Japan, a American coffee shop can be found in Japan because of increased interaction of companies globally

New cards
59

Cultural Convergence

The interaction of cultures as they come in contact with each other, ultimately resulting in both cultures influencing and being influenced by the other

New cards
60

Cultural Divergence

The tendency for culture groups to disassociate from others as a result of decreased/restricted interactions

Example: The Amish

New cards
61

Acculturation

An ethnic or immigrant group moving to a new area adopts the values and practices of the larger group that has received then, while still maintaining valuable elements of their own culture

Example:In the 1800s, the Syndergaard family migrated from Denmark to the United States, settling in a Danish enclave in Iowa. The mother and Father gave most of their ten children common Danish names, such as Inger and Niels. They ate commonly Danish foods such as abelskivver. Within three generations their descendants still ate common Danish food but had names common in U.S. such as Dave, Susan and Jim

New cards
62

Assimilation

An ethnic group can no longer be distinguished from the receiving group

Example: the grandchildren of immigrants from India might no longer speak Hindi or eat traditional Indian cuisine daily but they might still practice their Hindu faith

New cards
63

syncretism

The fusion or blending of two distinctive cultural traits into a unique new hybrid trait

Example: Sikhism which has ideas from both Hinduism and Buddhism

New cards
64

Multiculturalism

The coexistence of several cultures in one society with the ideal of all cultures being valued and worthy of study

Example: Corn, tomatoes, and potatoes come from Indigenous American groups

New cards
65

Nativist:

Anti-immigrant, attitude may form among the cultural majority, sometimes brining violence and government actions against the immigrant or minority group

Example: From the mid-1800s through the early 1900s many native-born protestants in United states were strongly opposed to Roman Catholic immigrant from Ireland, Italy, Poland, Spanish-speaking countries have often faced opposition from nativist groups

New cards
66

Reverse-Hierarchical

the opposite where an idea or innovation first starts in less connected or influential areas

Example:Blues

New cards

Explore top notes

note Note
studied byStudied by 23 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 23 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 4 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 30 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 18 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 2 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
note Note
studied byStudied by 23 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 177 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)

Explore top flashcards

flashcards Flashcard64 terms
studied byStudied by 9 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard31 terms
studied byStudied by 6 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard40 terms
studied byStudied by 5 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard48 terms
studied byStudied by 12 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
flashcards Flashcard52 terms
studied byStudied by 4 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard56 terms
studied byStudied by 2 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard34 terms
studied byStudied by 15 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard49 terms
studied byStudied by 106 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(3)