Mr. Scheffler's US Government 1st semester final

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54 Terms

1

Democrat

Created by Andrew Jackon from the Democratic-Republican Party. America's center-left major political party.

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2

Republican

Political party formed in 1854 by opponents of slavery. America's center-right political party.

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3

Federalist

supporters of the constitution during the debate over its ratification; favored a strong national government

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4

Anti-federalist

name given to those who were against the ratification of the Constitution

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5

Whig

American Political Party that emerged as a reaction to Andrew Jackson, favored increased tariffs, renewed National Bank, and nationalist policies

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6

Libertarian

one who favors a free market economy and no governmental interference in personal liberties.

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7

Democratic-Republicans

Founded by Thomas Jefferson, political party which favored states rights and weaker national government

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8

Green Party

A third party dedicated to the environment, social justice, nonviolence, and the foreign policy of nonintervention.

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9

An example of a theocracy

Iran

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10

Socialist Party

Made up of several minor political parties, desires for the means of production to be controlled by the government.

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11

One-party system example

North Korea

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12

Two-party system example

The United States

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13

Multi-party system examples

Germany, United Kingdom

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14

Southern Strategy

The Southern Strategy was a term that described the Republicans' move to campaign in the south after it had broken with the Democrats over civil rights. This was the beginning of the Republican domination of the south American sees today in national politics.

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15

US Republican, President, champion of the "New Right." Slashed taxes and greatly expanded military spending.

Ronald Reagan

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16

Herbert Hoover

U.S. president during stock market crash, who rejected the Progressive emphasis on activist government to pursue a program of minimal business regulation, low taxes, and high tariffs; encouraged businesses to regulate themselves, his belief in "rugged individualism" kept him from giving people direct relief during the Great Depression.

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Calvin Coolidge

Republican president during 1920's, accelerated the tax cutting and antiregulation policies of his predecessor; his laissez-faire policies brought short-term prosperity from 1923 to 1929.

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18

Theodore Roosevelt

Republican president who led progressive reforms

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19

Lyndon Johnson

Democratic President that greatly increased programs for the poor and elderly as part of his "Great Society" program.

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20

John F. Kennedy

1960; Democrat; Cold War: Bay of Pigs, Cuban Missile Crisis; established the Peace Corps, domestic program called the "New Frontier," promoted civil rights, major supporter of the space program; assassintated by Lee Harvey Oswald in 1963

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21

Franklin Delano Roosevelt

Democratic president who created the New Deal to counter the effects of the Great Depression, including Social Security and the FDIC.

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22

Andrew Jackson

Helped create the Democratic party out of old Democratic-Republican party. Pursued harsh policy toward Native Americans; supported minimal government and the spoils system. "Man of the people."

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23

Abraham Lincoln

Awesome president! First Republican president.

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24

Liberal Democracy

Ideology stressing individual rights and expressing faith in popular control of government.

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25

Socialism

A system in which society, usually in the form of the government, owns and controls the means of production.

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26

Mixed economy

an economy in which private enterprise exists in combination with a considerable amount of government regulation and promotion

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27

Theocracy

A government controlled by religious leaders

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28

Totalitarianism

The principle of complete and unrestricted power in government

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29

Communism

A radical political and economic system where factors of production are collectively owned and directed by the state.

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30

Constitutional Monarchy

a system of governing in which the ruler's power is limited by law or constitution

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31

Monarchy

state ruled over by a single person, as a king or queen

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32

Radical

Favoring drastic political, economic, or social reforms sometimes willing to restot to extreme methods to achieve change.

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33

Conservative

A person who believes government power, particularly in the economy, should be limited in order to maximize individual freedom

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34

Moderate

Person whose views are between conservative and liberal and may include some of both ideologies. Usually open to compromise

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35

Independent

a voter or candidate who does not identify with a political party

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36

Liberal

a person who generally believes the government should take an active role in the economy and in social programs but that the government should not dictate social behavior

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37

Reactionary

strongly opposed to social or political change; opposing progress; politically ultraconservative; Favors return to "good ol'd days."

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38

What kind of government does the US have?

Two party system (a democratic federal republic).

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39

Describe the role of political parties in the US

Remember and be able to respond I. Assist the electoral process: a. Organize the electorate b. Provide a broad stance on issues c. Be a watchdog II. Organize Government III. Nominate Candidates

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40

Scheffler's Graph

Be able to describe Democrats, Republicans, Libertarians, Socialists and Communists in terms of economic and social control.

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41

Describe the government and the economic system of the country you were assigned.

Might want to review this.

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42

An example of a Democratic Republic

The United States, Germany

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43

An example of a failed state

Somalia, Central African Republic

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44

An example of a Constitutional Monarchy

The UK, Japan

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45

An example of Communist country

North Korea, Cuba, China(with elements of capitalism now allowed)

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46

Libertarian, Green, Constitution

America's largest third parties

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47

At least three right leaning third-parties,

Constitution, Libertarian, America First Party

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48

At least three centrist third-parties,

Citizens Party, Independence Party of America, Modern Whig Party

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49

What is fake news? What are the different levels of fake news? Why is it important that citizens are wary of fake news? What can you do to spot fake news?

Know this

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50

PAC

Limit on money to donate, can't coordinate with a candidates official campaign

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51

Super PAC

Can donate as much money as they want, but can’t donate directly to a candidates official campaign or coordinate with official campaign

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52

Name at least one Interest Group + Definition,

AARP, A community within a larger organization with a shared interest in advancing a specific area of knowledge, where members cooperate to do something.

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53

What is the difference between fake and biased news?

Fake news is news that is created to make something/someone look bad, biased news is true news that is presented in a specific way to give the desired impression.

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54

At least three left leaning third-parties

Green party, communist party, socialist party

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