MT632-LEC Summative Exams

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Pathology focuses on the functional and metabolic alterations and mechanisms.

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Pathology focuses on the functional and metabolic alterations and mechanisms.

FALSE

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This cellular structure synthesizes proteins for secretion forms new membranes.

Rough endoplasmic reticulum

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Smoking and Drinking are predisposing factors which cannot be controlled.

FALSE

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Which of the following carries an amino acid that is incorporated into the growing protein chain

tRNA

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This is the physical process of cell division, which divides the cytoplasm of a parental cell into two daughter cells.

Cytokinesis

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Each pair of chromosomes is separated into two identical, independent chromosomes. The chromosomes are separated by a structure called the mitotic spindle.

Anaphase

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This is the body's response to injury and disease.

Inflammation

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Osmosis is the diffusion of water or solvent molecules across a selectively impermeable membrane from a region of higher water concentration to one of lower water concentration.

FALSE

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Which of the following is an infectious disease?

Herpes

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Children and the elderly are more susceptible to disease than young adults.

TRUE

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In exocytosis, membrane-enclosed structures called secretory vesicles that form inside the cell fuse with the plasma membrane and release their contents into the extracellular fluid

TRUE

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In exocytosis, materials move into a cell in a vesicle formed from the plasma membrane.

FALSE

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This is the number of new cases of a particular disease in the population.

Incidence

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Which of the following separates the extracellular fluid from the intracellular fluid?

Cell membrane

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Which of the following is the longest part of the cell cycle?

Interphase

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This refers to the total number of cases of a disease in a population.

Prevalence

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In this phase, the nucleus dissolves and the cell's chromosomes condense and move together, aligning in the center of the dividing cell.

Metaphase

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A hypotonic solution has a lower concentration of solutes and a higher concentration of water relative to the cytoplasm of the cell.

TRUE

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The cytoplasm of a cell in a hypertonic solution has a lower solute concentration and higher water concentration that the surrounding solution.

TRUE

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Health is the state of the organism when it functions optimally without evidence of disease.

TRUE

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This is the movement of water and solutes through a membrane or capillary wall by hydrostatic pressure.

Filtration

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Immunologic factors is under Extrinsic factors which contribute to the cause of the disease.

FALSE

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Signs can be visible and observable to the health care professionals.

TRUE

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The process that separates the duplicated genetic material carried in the nucleus of a parent cell into two identical daughter cells.

Telophase

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The process by which a cell replicates its chromosomes and then segregates them, producing two identical nuclei in preparation for cell division.

Mitosis

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This cellular structure synthesizes CHO, phospholipids, fats & steroids for detoxification.

Smooth endoplasmic reticulum

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Which of the following is a non infectious disease?

Mental disorder

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Na+ K+ pump is an example of:

Primary active transport

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It refers to the initial RNA molecule synthesized, with length equivalent to the full length of the DNA transcribed.

pre-mRNA

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The start codon codes for which of the following amino acids

Methionine

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Osteon is also known as:

Haversian canal

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The shaft of long bones in children has yellow bone marrow while in adult it has red marrow.

FALSE

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This Consists of loose connective tissue with collagen and elastic fibers.

Subcutaneous tissue

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Which of the following gland is simple coiled tubular gland and open directly onto surface of skin?

Eccrine

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This is used to monitor anti resorptive therapies.

C telopeptide

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Cyanosis is referred to as blue color caused by decrease in blood oxygen content.

TRUE

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Which of the following nail structure is the corneum beneath the free edge?

Hyponychium

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Which of the following hormones control the blood calcium levels?

All of these

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These are spaces occupied by osteocyte cell body:

Lacunae

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This is found in areas subject to pressure or friction such as palms of hands, fingertips, soles of feet.

Thick skin

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Where does endochondral ossification takes place?

cartilage

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If the mineral is removed, the bone becomes:

too bendable

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If the collagen is removed, the bone becomes:

too brittle

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Abnormal rotation of the spine resulting in lateral curvature.

Scoliosis

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Fontanels are ossified.

FALSE

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Which of the following covers the external surface of the bone?

Periosteum

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Which of the following layer of dermis is composed of whorls of ridges., touch receptors (Meissner, Pacinian, and Ruffini), free nerve endings sensing pain?

Papillary layer

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At what age does epiphyseal plate is ossified becoming the epiphyseal line?

between 12 and 25 years old

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Sebaceous glands are the modified apocrine sweat glands that produce milk.

FALSE

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Osteocytes are located in lacunae and connective to one other by the canaliculi.

TRUE

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Which of the following is the superficial layer of epithelial tissue?

Epidermis

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Vellus hair is the body hair on most men and children.

FALSE

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This is referred to as the True Skin.

Dermis

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Epiphyseal plate is present in juvenile bone which is made up of hyaline cartilage while in adult long bone has epiphyseal line.

TRUE

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This is the interconnecting plates of bone which is covered by endosteum.

Trabeculae

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Which of the following concentric layers composed bulk of the hair?

Cortex

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Where does intramembranous ossification takes place?

connective tissue membrane

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Mature bone is also referred to as:

Lamellar bone

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This is a double layered connective tissue sheath which covers cartilage except at articulations.

Perichondrium

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This is the osteochondral progenitor cell:

Both

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Decrease in blood supply causes poor ability to regulate body temperature.

TRUE

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This is a yellow pigment from vegetables which accumulates in stratum corneum, in adipose cells of dermis, and in subcutaneous tissue.

Carotene

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Stratum corneum contains the keratinocytes that have completely filled with keratin and died

TRUE

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Which of the following epidermal layer has limited cell division and contain desmosomes, lamellar bodies, and additional keratin fibers?

Stratum spinosum

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Which of the following is the deepest portion of epidermis and single layer which has high mitotic activity and cells become keratinized.

Stratum germinativum

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