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duma

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ch2

37 Terms

1

duma

russian parliament

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2

soviet

revolutionary council of labourers or peasents in russia before 1917; also: citizen of the Soviet Union

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3

communism

system of social organisation in which all property is owned by the community and each person contributes and receives according to his ability and needs

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4

bolshevik

member of the political party of Lenin

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5

dictator

ruler with total power over a country, mostly one who had obtained control by force

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6

New Economic Policy:

program instituted by Lenin for a temporarily more capitalism-oriented economies policy

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7

superpower

very powerful en influential nation in the world

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8

totalitarian state

state with a centralised government that is dictatorial and controls every part of people's lives

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9

Five-Year Plan

Stalin's plan to industrialise the Soviet Union for five years

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10

collectivisation

forceful joining of agriculture into huge state farms

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11

kulak

peasant in Russia wealthy enough to own a farm and hire labour

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12

Great Purge

period of repression and persecution in the Soviet Union during the late 1930s

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13

Gulag forced labour camps

system of forced labour camps in which opponents of the Soviet Union were imprisoned and many people died

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14

cult of personality

excessive public admiration for or devotion to a famous person

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15

interbellum

the period between two world wars (i.e between 1918 and 1939)

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16

fascism

nationalist and authoritarian political ideology founded by Mussolini

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17

Blackshirts

private militia of Mussoloni

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18

Weimar republic

name now used for germany from 1919 to 1933

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19

Nazi Party

Nationalsozialistische Deutsche arbeiterpartei, abbreviated as NSDAP; German political party led by Hitler

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20

national socialism

political ideology of the Nazi party

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21

Brownshirts

private militia and guards of hitler

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22

anti-Semitism

hostility to or prejudice against jews

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23

stock

share; stocks can be bought or sold on a stock market

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24

Wall Street Crash of 1929

stock market crash that started the Great Depression

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25

Great Depression

great 10-year economis crisis that affected all western industrialised countries and started in 1929 in the USA

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26

Hooverville

shanty town in the USA built by homeless people during the Great Depression

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27

New Deal

series of programmes launched by president Roosevelt to solve the problems caused by the Great Depression

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28

Dawes plan

plan of the Allies after WW1 to solve Germany's war reperation problem

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29

reichstag

german parliament

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30

enabling act

act through which Hitler obtained dictatorial power

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31

SS

abbreviation for Schutzstaffel; security and military organisation controlled by by the nazi party

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32

Night of Long knives

purge used by Hitler to eradicate the critics of his regime in the SA (Brownshirts)

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33

nazification

measures taken by Hitler to turn germany into a totalitarian state

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34

indoctrination

process of teaching a person or group to accept a set of beliefs uncritically

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35

hitler youth

organisation in Nazi Germany for children aged 10 to 18

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36

gestapo

state secret police of Nazi Germany

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37

concentration camp

camps were a government forces many people to live, sometimes under terrible conditions

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