1.1 - 1.4 AP GOV

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Natural Rights (democratic ideal)

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24 Terms

1

Natural Rights (democratic ideal)

life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness

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2

Popular Sovereignty (democratic ideal)

the government gets power from it's people

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3

Social Contract (democratic ideal)

giving up freedom to maintain social order and protect natural rights from the government

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4

Limited Government (democratic ideal)

powers are defined and limited by a constitution

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5

Republic (democratic ideal)

A form of government in which citizens choose their leaders by voting

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6

Declaration of Independence

discusses natural rights, social contract, and popular sovereignty

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7

U.S. Constitution

discusses republicanism, popular sovereignty, and limited government

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8

participatory democracy

emphasizes broad participation in politics and an active role for individual citizens in politics and civil society

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9

pluralist democracy

Group-based activism striving to impact political decision making; individuals become more powerful as part of a group

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10

elite democracy

emphasizes limited, or filtered, citizen participation in politics and civil society

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11

participatory democracy examples

Occupy Wall Street, March for our Lives, #MeToo, amendments that expanded suffrage (15th and 19th)

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12

pluralist democracy examples

political parties and interest groups

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13

elite democracy examples

Electoral college, congressional representation, iron triangles, Super PACs

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14

Brutus No. 1

An anti-Federalist essay that argued AGAINST a strong central government based on the belief that it would not be able to meet the needs of all US citizens.

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15

What did Brutus No. 1 emphasize?

The benefits of a small, decentralized republic. Warned of loss and liberty as a result of a large, centralized government.

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16

Federalist No. 10

argues that liberty is safest in a large republic because many interests (factions) exist. There will be so many factions that no single group will be able to dominate.

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17

What did Federalist No. 10 emphasize?

Emphasized why a large republic is best to control factions, to give power to elected officials, and to balance between the states and national government.

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18

congress could... (challenges of the articles of confederation)

Declare war, make peace treaties, borrow money, easily make money, establish an army and navy

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19

congress couldn't... (challenges of the articles of confederation)

tax the states or people, regulate interstate commerce

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20

states could... (challenges of the articles of confederation)

impose tariffs on other states, create their own currencies, refuse to recognize federal treaties

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21

What was a challenge during the Articles of Confederation

all 13 states had to agree to amend/change the articles

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22

What did Shay's Rebellion show?

Showed the weakness of the federal government under the Articles of Confederation

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23

What did Shay's Rebellion cause?

Caused more people to support the new constitution and the idea of a strong centralized government

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24

Why did Shay's Rebellion take so long to be stopped?

It took so long to be stopped due to the lack of centralized military power led to the slow stop of the rebellion.

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