AP Human Unit 3 Review

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What is an example of material culture

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45 Terms

1

What is an example of material culture

the bible

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2

Folk culture society

Rural/isolated location and most speak local language

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3

Pop culture connectivity/how?

Global languages and connected

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4

Folk Culture social structure

Family live close, community, defined gender roles

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5

Pop culture social stucture

dispersed family, emphasis on individualism

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6

folk culture diffusion

Oral stories/traditions, slow, primarily relocation

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7

pop culture diffusion

Rapid, hierarchical, social media

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8

Folk culture buildings and housing

Local materials, similar throughout, built by communities or owner

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9

pop culture buildings and housing

Factoris, businesses, variety of styles

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10

folk culture food

locally produced, traditional, made by communities or families

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11

pop culture food

often imported, like variety, resturants

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12

Folk culture spacial focus

local and regional

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13

pop culture spacial focus

national and gobal

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14

What is cultural convergence? Examples?

Cultures coming into contact and adopting similar traits

World sports, english (languages)

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15

Causes of extinction in cultures and languages

Genocide, laws against using native languages

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16

List the 5 major religions in order from oldest to youngest and their place of origin

1) Hinduism - South Asia

2) Judaism - South West Asia

3) Buddhism - South Asia

4) Christianity - South West Asia

5) Islam - South West

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17

What is a universalizing religion

A religion trying to be global by appealing to all. Proselytizing (trys to convert others).

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18

What are the 3 largest universalizing religions?

Christianity

Islam

Buddhism

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19

What is an ethnic religion

religions that appeal mainly to natives in the origin country. They do not proselytize. Hinduism is the largest, then Chinese Tradition, ad Asian Primal-indigenous, African Traditional

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20

Judasim

Influenced Islam and Christianity but still and ethnic religion. 1st monotheistic religion.

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21

What is relocation diffusion and example

Spread of cultural trait by people who migrate and carry these traits with them

Italians who brought pizza to the US

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22

What is expansion diffusion and the types of it

Spread of cultural trait direct and indirectly without migration

Hierarchical, stimulus, and acculturation diffusion

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23

What is contagious diffusion

Cultural Trait spread continuously outward from hearth through contact with other people rapidly

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24

What is hierarchical diffusion and example

spread of culture from center of wealth and importance

cell phones used to be for the wealthy but everyone has them now

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25

What is stimulus diffusion and example

when people in culture adopt a trait from another culture but modify it slightly

Veggie burgers and hindus

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26

acculturation and example

adopting traits from the larger group but still keeping its own

Keeping culture and language but dresses in american clothes

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27

assimilation

ethnic group cannot be distinguished from receiving group

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28

What is sequent occupancy

idea that people leave their cultural imprints when they live in a place

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29

What patterns can be seen on cultural landscape

education seen as a privilege, preference for male children

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30

What are Centripetal forces and examples

forces that lead to unity in society

Same languages and similar values

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31

what are centrifugal forces and example

factors that lead to division

racism

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32

What are historic causes of diffusion

imperialism and trade

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33

What is imperialism?

the dominance of one country over another where weaker political community is influenced to serve dominant powers interest

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34

Colonialism

when a powerful country makes colonies in less powerful countries for political and/or economic gain

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35

neocolonialism

how in more modern times, imperialism can be done through the assertion of political, economic, and cultural control rather than territory acquisition

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36

What do trade interactions result in?

New forms of communication and cultural traits

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37

Pidgin Language and example

Simplified non-native language used by speakers of different languages. Made through colonization.

Hawaiian Pidgin

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38

Creole Language and example

Pidgin language that develops into a new combined language with native speakers. Made through colonization or slavery.

Haitian

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39

Lingua Franca

Language spoken by speakers of different languages for communication, usually for business, trade, or commerce

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40

What are the world five most spoken languages

Mandarin, Hindi, spanish, english, arabic

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41

What are the lingua francas for

China

Africa

SW Asia

and Eastern Europe and Russia

Mandarin

Swahili

Arabic

Russian

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42

Dialects

Variations in accents, grammar, spelling, and word usage. Usually due to colonization.

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43

Official Languages

used by gov. for laws, reports, signs, and more.

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44

How can an official language be positive?

Creates unity and aids in communication

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45

How can an official language be negetive

Isolates or languages or cultures

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