Aeneid Scholarship

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1

Mattes

The Aeneid is a poisonous gift to Augustus

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2

Gerry Nusbaum

Aeneas is 'the ideal Roman father figure!'

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3

R.D. Williams

We see him as a very irresolute hero indeed

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4

Fiachra Mac Gorain

Aeneas displays virtues that are quintessentially Roman

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5

Richard Rutherford

Virgil ends the story abruptly and disturbingly, with violent revenge and thoughts of clemency forgotten

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6

Hardie (1)

Like Aeneas, Dido is an outcast from her original home

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7

Hardie (2)

She has tried to play her part in the society of men and failed

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8

Rutherford (2)

Orthodoxy has it that Turnus is a 'Homeric' hero, dashing, unthinking and violent, who must give way to the new style hero, the proto-Roman Aeneas

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9

Gotoff on Aeneas’s isolation

“Aeneas is as alone in his piety as was Mezentius in his pride”

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10

Gotoff on Aeneas’ killings

“Virgil constantly robs Aeneas of the joy of his successfully accomplished, necessary tasks”

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11

Kirichenko

Aeneas is a Trojan horse

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12

Servius (ancient commentator)

Jupiter is the voice of fate

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13

Coleman

“Even to a deity the ways of Fate may at times seem whimsical”

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14

Clausen

The Aeneid is a literary allusion to Homer.

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15

Harrison

themes of the Aeneid are: cities, heroism, dying young, gods and violence

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16

Lyne

“Vergil seems curiously disinclined to show Aeneas responding or relating to others”

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17

Stahl and Williams

Aeneas represents a new kind of hero, the unheroic hero

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18

MacKay

“Heroism, in the conventional sense, involves loss of humanity”

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19

Bowra

Aeneas’ cruel behaviour in books 10-12 represents Augustus’ behaviour in the 40s BC

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20

Adam Parry

“The Homeric hero, however beleaguered by fate, loves and enjoys the warmth of life, and his course of action includes a protest against the evanescence of mortality”.

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21

Parry on the Aeneid

“Sense of emptiness in the very heart of the Vergillian mood”

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22

Harrison on Juno

Juno is a “soap opera bitch”

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23

Oliensis on men and women

Women act with “unruly passion” and men with “reasoned mastery”

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24

RD Williams on Dido

“The sympathy which Vergil arouses for DIdo is so strong as to leave the reader profoundly unhappy that the Roman mission should have caused this tragedy”

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