Korea Honors World Final stuff

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Hermit Kingdom

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34 Terms

1

Hermit Kingdom

name for Korea that reflected its isolationist policies; shut out from rest of the world

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2

Ancient Choson

(4000 - 53 B.C.) clans of families from northern China who used terrace farming and made tools from bronze and iron; Korea's original name

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3

Silla Kingdom

Southeast/East Coast of Korea that unified it and was allied with China

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4

Unified Silla

(668 - 892 A.D) One of the three kingdoms that united Korea by using Chinese systems; had mandatory work for peasants to keep them busy(so they wouldn't revolt); Tax systems, feudal and social system, military

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5

homogeneous society

people share a common culture and language; similar ethnic and cultural backgrounds

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6

Korea's First Golden Age

During Unified Silla, Koreans became advanced is literature, arts, architecture, and trade with other countries.

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7

Koryo Dynasty

Ruled from 918 - 1392 A.D; dynasty where "Korea" gets its name from; conquered by Mongols in the 1250s, but were allowed to rule themselves as long as they paid tribute; Mongols brought the Chinese language; civil service exams but primarily only for sons of aristocrats; the peak of Buddhist influence

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8

Yi (Choson) Dynasty

(1392 - 1910 A.D) Ruled Korea as the second "Golden Age"; when Confucianism and Buddhism (Confucianism was the main religion) became popular; Writing was made more accessible thanks to King Sejong; was ruled under tribute by the Japanese in 1500's and ruled under tribute by Manchus in 1600s

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9

Japanese Occupation led to improvements in...

Factories, Road, Railroads built on cheap korean labor

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10

Japanese Occupation caused...

Koreans to change their names to Japanese names; Japan to be the only official/legal language; used Koreans to help them fight in WWII

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11

annex

add a territory to an existing state or country

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12

March 1st Movement

Korean nationalists lead a huge peaceful demonstration to demand independence. The Japanese responded by killing 2,000 Koreans and jailing 19,000 more.

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13

Japanese Occupation ended because...

US dropped two bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki

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14

N.K and S.K are technically still at war because....

neither side has signed a peace treaty, they only have not had direct contact since 1953

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15

Climate of Korea

Temperate Climate with hot summers and cold winters. North Korea has harsher winters which allow South Korea to have better farming

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16

Mountains in North Korea are…

Rich in mineral sources like iron, coal, lead, and copper. Rivers flowing out of the mountains are also a good source of hydroelectric power

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17

King Sejong

1443, Korea's most celebrated ruler decided to replace/simplify the complex Chinese system of writing. Developed hangul; encouraged advances in agriculture, government, science, music, medicine, and astronomy.

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18

Isolationism

A policy of avoiding political or military involvement with other countries; for almost 200 years Korea closed off its ports to foreigners and banned christianity

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19

Armistice

An agreement to stop fighting

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20

South Korea Economy

-growing steadily -capitalist economy with close gov ties -many global econ ties -produce high tech stuff that helps economy -exports many goods -economy is diversified -GDP is 48x larger than North Korea environment suffered bc of fast growing economy

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21

South Korea Society

New middle class; people work at jobs instead of farms = more people in cities; women gained more rights; Confucianism still popular among households

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22

North Korea Government

Communist dictatorship built by Kim Il-Sung; juche - self-reliance; isolated the country from other communist nations and built industry for own use

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23

North Korea Economy

command economy; more industrialized and urbanized but still far behind the south; progress lost of 1995 bc of flood, droughts, and famine - forced N.K to increase trade

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24

repression

the action of subduing someone or something by force.

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25

demilitarized zone

an area in which treaties or agreements between nations, military powers or contending groups forbid military

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26

Hangul

The Korean alphabet

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27

pyongyang

is the political, industrial and transport center of North Korea. It is home to North Korea's major government institutions

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28

seoul

the capital and largest metropolis of South Korea

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29

Asian Tiger

The Four Asian Tigers are the developed East Asian economies of Hong Kong, Singapore, South Korea, and Taiwan

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30

nuclear threats

the threat of a nuke hitting you :)

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31

Roh Moo-Hyun

A South Korean politician and lawyer who served as the ninth president of South Korea between 2003 and 2008

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32

Kim Il Son

a Korean politician and the founder of North Korea, which he ruled from the country's establishment in 1948 until his death in 1994

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33

kim jong il

a North Korean politician who was the second supreme leader of North Korea from 1994 to 2011

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34

Syngman Rhee

a South Korean politician who served as the first president of South Korea from 1948 to 1960

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