HPS Atoms, Bonding, and Chemical Reactions (Unit 6)

studied byStudied by 12 people
5.0(1)
get a hint
hint

Atomic models in order

1 / 35

Tags and Description

36 Terms

1

Atomic models in order

Dalton, Thompson, Rutherford, Bohr, Electron Cloud Model

New cards
2

Democritus / Leucippus discovered

Atoms are the building blocks to life

New cards
3

Aristotle discovered

Matter (earth, fire, water, wind)

New cards
4

The side of the periodic table are the metals on

Left

New cards
5

Conductivity

The measure of the ease at which an electric charge or heat can pass through a material

New cards
6

How a cation forms and what it does to the atom

Loses electrons and makes element positive

New cards
7

How an anion forms and what it does to the atom

Gains electrons and makes element negative

New cards
8

Melleability

The ability of a material to be beaten into thin sheets without breaking

New cards
9

Luster

The appearance of a fresh surface of a mineral in reflected light

New cards
10

Mendeleev

Created periodic table

New cards
11

Valence electrons

The outer ring of electrons in the electron cloud

New cards
12

Where the charge / oxidation state can be found

The columns (+1, +2 skip a few, +3, +/- 4, -3, -2, -1, 0)

New cards
13

The way the period go

Horizontal rows

New cards
14

The way the families go

Vertical columns

New cards
15

Electronegativity

A chemical property that describes the tendency of an atom or a functional group to attract electrons toward itself

New cards
16

Atomic radius

The total distance from an atom's nucleus to the outermost orbital of electron

New cards
17

The way atomic radius goes

Top left to bottom right

New cards
18

The way covalent compounds are formed

A nonmetal with a nonmetal

New cards
19

The Lewis Structure

Showing how atoms gain/lose electrons

New cards
20

Metals

Shinny, ductile, malleable, and good conductors

New cards
21

Nonmetals

Brittle and poor conductors

New cards
22

Metals at room temperature

solid

New cards
23

Nonmetals at room temperature

gas

New cards
24

Metal’s melting point

High melting point

New cards
25

Nonmetal’s melting point

Low melting point

New cards
26

Metal’s solubility

Very soluble

New cards
27

Nonmetals solubility

Not very soluble

New cards
28

Balanced equation

2CO + 4T = 2CT^2 + 2O

New cards
29

Synthesis

A + B = AB

New cards
30

Decomposition

AB = A + B

New cards
31

Single Replacement

A + BC = AC + B

New cards
32

Double Replacement

AB + CD = AD + BC

New cards
33

Combustion

CxHy + 02 = H2O + CO2

New cards
34

Polar Bond

when electrons in a covalent bond are shared equally

New cards
35

Ways to Speed Up a Chemical Reaction

Increase surface area, increase temperature, increase concentration, and add catalyst

New cards
36

Ways to Slow Down a Chemical Reaction

Decrease surface area, decrease temperature, decrease concentration, and inhibitor

New cards

Explore top notes

note Note
studied byStudied by 11 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 15 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 9 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 7 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 26 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 8 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 5 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 6 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)

Explore top flashcards

flashcards Flashcard89 terms
studied byStudied by 6 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard74 terms
studied byStudied by 1 person
Updated ... ago
4.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard179 terms
studied byStudied by 9 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard33 terms
studied byStudied by 6 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard46 terms
studied byStudied by 50 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard104 terms
studied byStudied by 6 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(4)
flashcards Flashcard48 terms
studied byStudied by 1 person
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard205 terms
studied byStudied by 2561 people
Updated ... ago
4.5 Stars(30)