Art 105 Timothy Silva Exam 1

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Human with Feline Head -c. 40,000-35,000 BCE. -Woolly Mammoth Ivory

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Human with Feline Head -c. 40,000-35,000 BCE. -Woolly Mammoth Ivory

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Nude woman (Venus of Willendorf) -c. 28,000-25,000 BCE. -Limestone -may represent fertility, complete, sculpture in the round

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Bison licking its flank (fragmentary atlatl) -Reindeer antler

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Aurochs, Horses, and Woolly Rhinoceroses -wall painting in the Caveat cave, Vallon-Post-d'Arc, France -idea of hunting: training, ceremonial

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Hall of the Bulls -in the cave at Lascaux, France -idea of hunting: training, ceremonial

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Woolly Rhinoceros, Bird Headed Man, and Disemboweled Bison -painting in the well of the cave at Lascaux, France -c. 16,000- 14,000 -idea of hunting: training, ceremonial, NARRATIVE SCENE)

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Restored view of a section of Level VI -Catal Hoyuk, Turkey -c. 6,000 BCE. -5 characteristics of civilization

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5 characteristics of civilization

  1. permanent dwelling

  2. agriculture

  3. largescale buidlings

  4. some evidence of spiritual belief system

  5. burial of dead

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Stonehenge -Salisbury Plain, Wiltshire, England -Megalithic: big rocks, post and lintel, burial place, acts as calendar, discovered durrington walls/ Woodhenge, life (wood) vs death (stone)

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Presentations of Offerings to Inanna (Warka Vase) -Alabaster -National Museum of Iraq, Baghdad -ceremonial due to pictures & height

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major development used for writing

stylus

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White Temple -Uruk (modern Warka), Iraq -c. 3,300 BCE. -Ziggurat

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Female Head (Inanna?) -c. 3,300 BCE. -Marble -life-size made with expensive stone

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Statuettes of Two Worshippers -Gypsum, shell, and black limestone -bought at festival stalls & left them at the temple; used as a "stand in" for yourself, big eyes for communication

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Bull-Headed Harp with Inlaid Sound Box, from the tomb of Puabi -Wood, gold, Lapis Lazuli, Red limestone, and shell -instruments buried with orchestra in perfect formation

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Sound Box of a Bull-headed harp -Wood, lapis lazuli, and shell -animals playing instruments, a feast in underworld

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Head of an Akkadian ruler (probably Sargon I) -c. 2250-2200 BCE. -Copper -made by lost wax method, oldest sculpture we have, great detail

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Gudea Standing, Holding an Overflowing Water Jar -Calcite -buffing & sanding, same outfit even sitting down

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Stele with the Law Code of Hammurabi -set up at Babylon, Iraq -Basalt -earliest evidence formalizing law code

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Ashurbanipal Hunting Lions -gypsum -relief

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Lamassu -limestone -guardians & intimidation -from the citadel of Sargon II, Dur Sharrukin (modern Khorsabad), Iraq

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Aerial view of the palace (left: looking west with the Apadana in the background and three columns of the Apadana with the Animal Protomes (right), Persepolis, Iran

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Persians and Medes -Limestone -detail of the processional frieze on the east side of the terrace of the apadana of the palace in Persepolis, Iran

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Palette of Narmer -c. 3000- 2920 BCE (predynastic) -slate -front & back, Narmer is bigger because of HIERARCHY IN SCALE, conventions of human figure: how they make figure look, unproportionate body

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Imhotep, Stepped Pyramid of Djoser -Saqqara -Imhotep is the architect, first to be known by name, steps between Mastaba and Great Pyramids

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Aerial view of the fourth dynasty pyramids. From bottom: pyramid of menkaure, pyramid of khafre, great pryamid of khufu Gizeh

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Great Sphinx (with Pyramid of Khafre in the background) -Sandstone -Gizeh -pyramids, royal burial, GUARDIAN OF MYSTERIES, living rock: made of the earth, not stone brought from somewhere else

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Khafre Enthroned -Diorite -pharaonic image: for eternity

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Menkaure and Khamerernebty -Graywacke -pharaonic image: for eternity

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Seated Scribe -Painted limestone -rocks in eyes, looks like real person, fully human, not royal, more naturalistic

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Ti Watching a Hippopotamus Hunt, relief in the Mastaba of Ti -Painted limestone -Saqqara -animals and greenery have much detail

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Hatshepsut with Offering Jars -Red granite -defeminized, image of role of pharaoh

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Mortuary Temple of Hatshepsut -Deir el-Bahri -integrated into natural environment

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Akhenaton, colossal statue from the Temple of Aton, Karnak -Amarna Period -Sandstone -Egyptian Museum, Cairo -promoted monotheism, could be naturalism

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Portrait of Tiye -Amarna Period -Yew wood, gold, silver, alabaster, faience, and lapis lazuli -extreme naturalism, real person

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Thutmose, Bust of Nefertiti, -Amarna Period -painted limestone -blows idea of naturalism, idealized

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Akhenaton and Nefertiti with Their Daughters -Amarna Period -Limestone -family scene, blessings from sun disk

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Innermost Coffin of Tutankhamen -gold with inlay of enamel and semiprecious stones

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Death Mask of Tutankhamen -Gold with inlay of semiprecious stones

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Facade of the Temple of Ramses II -Sandstone Abu Simbel

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Figurine of a Woman (Cycladic Idol) -Marble

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Restored View of the Palace at Knossos -c. 1700-1370 BCE -island of Crete, massive complex structure, five stories

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Stairwell in the residential quarter of the Palace at Knossos -c. 1700-1370 BCE

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Bull-leaping (Toreador Fresco) -Fresco -Fresco is painted on wall while plaster is still wet

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Octopus Flask -Painted terracotta -theme: marine life

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Snake Goddess -Faience

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Harvesters Vase -Steatite -ceremonial piece

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Lion Gate, Mycenae -c. 1300-1250 BCE -Limestone, relief panel

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Interior of the Treasury of Atreus, Mycenae

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Mask of Agamemnon -Beaten gold -promoted by Heinrich Schliemann

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Two Goddesses and a Child -Ivory

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Armana Period

1353-1335 BCE

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