socials study guide

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Government

43 Terms

1

executive power

delivering programs and services to the population within the framework of laws, expenditures, and tax measures approved by Legislature -- develops policies to govern the country

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2

party whip

the assistant to the floor leader in each house of congress who tries to persuade party members to vote for bills the party supports -- elected by their respective parties, they ensure members are present to support their party and vote for legislature

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3

residual powers

the powers that are not mentioned in any subject of the constitution

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4

free vote

members voting according to their own conscience

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5

judicial powers

the power to interpret laws and administer law.

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6

standing committee

permanent committee established by Standing Orders in the House of Commons or the Senate. Studies matters referred to it or under its jurisdiction. can also pursue own studies.

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7

cabinet solidarity

the custom that Cabinet members must not show disagreement with government policies - showing full support for the Prime Minister/their party

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8

public service

a service offered by the government to provide security and protection for citizens and businesses

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9

legislative power

the power to make a law and to frame public policies

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10

private member's bill

a bill introduced into the legislature by a member of the legislature who is not a member of the Cabinet

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11

direct democracy

a form of government in which citizens rule directly and not through representatives

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12

caucus

a private meeting of party leaders/members

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13

senate

a council of representatives appointed by the prime minister. reviews and can introduce bills

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14

patronage

support, encouragement, privilege, or financial aid that an organization or individual bestows on another -- a favour, often a government position, given in return for political support.

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15

constitutional Monarchy

government in which a king or queen is the official head of state

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16

formal assent

the "final stamp" on a bill making it a law; given by the Governor General

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17

cabinet

group of officials who head government departments and advise and are appointed by the prime minister

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18

representative democracy

a form of democracy in which citizens elect officials to govern on their behalf

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19

federal system

the sharing of power between the central and state governments

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20

speaker of the house

presides over the house of commons and ensures that everyone respects its rules and traditions. Deliberates the house

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21

municipal governement

bylaws, local police, waste collection, fire protection, water supply

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22

provincial government

public services, education, regional economy, health services

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23

federal government

taxes, military, passing law, banking, currency

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24

steps to pass a bill

1rst reading, 2nd reading, committee, 3rd reading, senate (1,2,3,committee), royal assent

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25

prime minister powers

choosing the cabinet, appointing senators,

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26

prime minister role

the key decision maker in Parliament; head of government (leader of the party with the most seats in the hoc)

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27

1st reading

Bill is introduced in the House of Commons (or the senate)

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28

2nd reading

Members debate and vote on the main idea of the bill and discuss its purpose

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29

3rd reading

Members vote on the bill in its final form and can change their mind

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30

committee stage

A stage where is bill can be reviewed in more detail by both government and non government people and changes can be suggested.

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31

sergeant at arms

an appointed senior official who is responsible for security of the house of commons and carries the mace.

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32

hansard

the official record of all of the debates in parliament

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33

5 years

The amount of time that can pass without an election

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34

election

happens every 5 years or can be called by the PM

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35

prime minister, governor general, cabinet

composes the executive branch

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36

committee

study particular topics in greater detail and provide the house with the findings and recommendations from such investigations.

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37

monarch (gg), senate, house of parliament

composes the legislative branch

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38

legislative branch

to make laws, to raise taxes, and to authorize government spending

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39

executive branch

Decision making branch

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40

governor general

the person who represents the monarch in Canada

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41

governor general roles

summoning, opening and ending sessions of Parliament; reading the Speech from the Throne

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42

public/civil servant

provides public services; represents canada in foreign affairs; monitor imports; process passports; gather statistics; etc

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43

senior civil servant

advise minister, help draft new laws, hold hidden power through control they have of government response to citizens.

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