LAB 2 test

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Foraminifera

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141 Terms

1

Foraminifera

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radiolara

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plasmodium

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4

malaria cycle

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5

female pinecone

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male pinecone

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monocot vs dicot

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8

fern

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9

moss

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10

bryophyta

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trypanosome

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12

rotatoria

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<p>coccus</p>

coccus

spherical

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14
<p>bacillus</p>

bacillus

rod shaped

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15

spirillus or spirochete

spiral

<p>spiral</p>
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16

cynobacteria

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17

bacteria

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18

euglena

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19

diatoms

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20

brown algae

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21

red algae

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22

Chlorophytes - Spirogyra

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Chlorophytes - Volvox

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Chlorophytes - Ulva

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25

Trypanosoma

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26

Ciliates - Paramecium

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Ciliates - Vorticella

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28

Foraminifera

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29

Radiolaria

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30

Amoeba

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31

protists

range from the microscopic, single-celled

(a) Acanthocystis turfacea

(b) ciliate Tetrahymena thermophila, both visualized here using light microscopy, to the enormous, multicellular

(c) kelps (Chromalveolata) that extend for hundreds of feet in underwater “forests.”

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32

protist

-Classified into the Domain Eukarya & the Kingdom Protista

-Complexity and diversity of protists makes them difficult to classify

-Cannot be classified as plants, animals, or fungi

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Morphology

-Most are unicellular, not all!

-Many with amazingly high level of structural and functional complexity

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protist

most are free living

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protists

some are parasitic

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protist

asexual reproduction common and sexual may occur when conditions deteriorate

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37

Photoautotrophic forms

  • Produce oxygen

  • Function as producers in both freshwater and saltwater ecosystems

  • Major component of plankton

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38

algae

refers to many phyla of protists that carry out photosynthesis

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39

green algae: chlamydomonas

actively moving flagellate

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ulva

multicellular green algae

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volvox

a colony is a loose association of independent cells

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red algae

-multicellular

-about 5,00 species

-mostly live in warmer sea water

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43

brown algae

-about 1,500 species

-most live in colder ocean waters along rocky coasts

-no unicellular or colonial brown forms

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diatoms

the most numerous unicellular algae in the oceans

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amoeboids

protists that move and ingest their food with pseudopods

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phagolysomes

amoeboids use this to digest food

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47

streptophytes

the green plants or charophytes

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48

embryophytes

the land plants

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49

bryophytes

seedless plants that are nonvascular

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50

liverworts, hornworts, and mosses

examples of bryophytes

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51

club mosses, quillworts, and spike mosses

examples of lycophytes

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52

whisk ferns, horsetails, and ferns

pterphytes

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53

lycophytes and pterophytes

other types of seedless plants but are vascular

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gymnosperms and angiosperms

examples of spermatophytes

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spermatophytes

seed plants

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haplontic

refers to the life cycle in which there is a dominant haploid stage

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diplontic

refers to a life cycle in which diploid is a dominant stage (humans are diplontic)

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gametophyte

haploid

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sporophyte

diploid

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streprophytes

land plants and closely related to green algae are part of a new monophyletic group

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charales

the closest living relative of land plants

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hepaticophyta

asexual reproduction involved production of gemmae that can develop int gametophyte

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Sori

appear as small bumps on the underside of a fern frond

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homosporous

most ferns are

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vascular tissue

xylem and phloem

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xylem

transports water and minerals from roots upward to the shoot system

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phloem

carries organic nutrients upward or downward within plant

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rhizome

ferns have an underground stem anchored by roots

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gametophytes

photosynthetic autotrophs

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sporophyte

siploid

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gametophyte

haploid

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pterophyta

fern

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lycophyta

club moss

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mycelium

composed of threadlike filaments also called hyphae

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spores

formed in hyphae or in sporangia

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fungi

haploid but reproduce sexually and asexually

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zygomycota

black bread mold

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ascomycota

truffles, morels, and yeast

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basidiomycota

mushrooms

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deuteromycota

parasites such as athletes foot and ringworm

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penicillium

first antibiotic included in deuteromycota

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mutualism

both members benefit from the association

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83

lichen

fungus and alga

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crustose, foliose, and fructicose

3 forms of lichen

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crustose

thin crust that tightly attaches to trees or rocks

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foliose

thicker than crustose but have a flattened body

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fructicose

branched erect body forms

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88

gymnosperms

-have roots, stems and leaves

-have xylem and phloem vascular tissue

-produce seeds in cone

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ginko, pine, mormon tea, conifer

examples of gymnosperms

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90

angiosperms

flower structure

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carpel

fermale reproductive structure in flowers

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stamen

male reproductive structure in flower

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sepals

enclose flower before opening

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the seed

ovule inside the ovary becomes

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95

angiosperms

flowering plants

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dormacy

helps survive harsh periods before germinating

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seed

-embryo protected by integument

-an extra layer of sporophyte tissue

-hardens into seed coat

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98

male gametophytes

-within pollen grains

-dispersed by wind or pollinator

-no need for water

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99

female gametophytes

-develop within an ovule

-enclosed within diploid sporophyte tissue in angiosperms

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100

coniferophyta

cycadophyta

gnetophyta

ginkophyta

examples of gymnosperms

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