World Civ II Exam One

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The Columbian Exchange

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The Columbian Exchange

The movement of life across the Atlantic

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Malinche

Daughter of local Aztec leader, knew politics, helped Cortés navigate and communicate, 13/14 years old, and knew 3-4 languages

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Requerimiento

1513; if local officials don't comply to Spanish rule and accept Christianity, their wives and children will be sold into slavery and their stuff will be stolen; on behalf of the Pope

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Yeoman

European; Independent/private landowners who owned their crops; what many aspired to be but was unattainable for most.

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Heresies

Anything that is not in the teachings of the Bible or the word of Christ; Science and religions other than Christianity

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Spanish Inquisition

1470s-1530s; Maintained Catholic orthodoxy of Spain and rid the country of "religious others"

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Mercantilism

New kind of economic system; Trade in order to increase state power at the expense of others

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Capitalism

Economic system in which private actors own and control property in accord with their own interests and set market set prices; essential motive is profit

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Triangular Trade

International economic system that helped establish the merchant class; Between Europe, Africa, and the Americas

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Rajputs

Lords under the emperor who were landowners and the warrior class and vital to the expansion of the empire; Mughal India

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Emperor Akbar

1556-1605, Mughal India; Tripled Mughal in size and had many reforms (including Hindu tolerance)

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Hongwu

1328-1398; First Ming emperor that was born a peasant farmer and had an aptitude for power and politics

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Zheng He

1371-1433; Large fleets sent as far east as Africa in the name of exploration and promoted commerce

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Examination System

Competency exams that encouraged education to promote an efficient bureaucracy

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Daimyo

Local landholding elite that were an army of samurai

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