Nutrition notes

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nutrient

a compound that provides a needed function in the body. (ex:

proteins, lipids, carbohydrates, water.)

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Macronutrients

the nutrients the body needs in larger amounts (ex

Vitamins Minerals)

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what does the word carbohydrate mean?

"hydrated carbon," or carbon with water.

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what do proteins are comprised of?

carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen, but they also contain nitrogen.

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what do Lipids comprised of?

fatty acids, triglycerides, phospholipids, and sterols (cholesterol)

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what are some of the dietary sources from lipids?

oils, butter, and egg yolks.

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Vitamins

compounds are essential for normal physiologic processes in the body. (ex:vitamins A, C, D, E, and K, choline, and the B vitamins, etc)

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Minerals

the elements (think periodic table) that are essential for normal physiologic processes in the body. (Ex: calcium, phosphorus, potassium, sodium, chloride, etc)

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Calories (Food Energy)

measured in kilocalories (kcals), commonly referred to as calories.

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what is the average amount of calories does someone need every day to sustain (or carry out) daily activities?

1500 to 2000 calories

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how many glucose and fructose have in High-fructose corn syrup

50% glucose and 50% fructose

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Protein

any of a large group of nitrogenous organic compounds that are essential constituents of living cells; consist of polymers of amino acids

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fiber

indigestible matter (Indigestible means that it survives digestion in the small intestine and reaches the large intestine)

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Dietary fiber

type of fiber contains both nondigestible carbohydrates and lignin and is always intrinsic and intact in plants.

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Functional fiber

type of fiber contains nondigestible carbohydrates only and can be isolated, extracted, or synthesized.

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Total Fiber

Fiber contains both dietary fiber and functional fiber.

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Vitamins

organic compounds found in foods and are a necessary part of the biochemical reactions in the body.

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Vitamins are either...

fat-soluble or water-soluble.

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Water-soluble vitamins...

including the eight B vitamins and vitamin C, are absorbed with water in the gastrointestinal tract.

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Minerals in food

inorganic compounds that work with other nutrients to ensure the body functions properly.

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A healthy diet includes ...

most of the minerals your body requires, so supplements and processed foods can add potentially toxic levels of minerals.

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The most common minerals in the body are...

calcium and phosphorous, both of which are stored in the skeleton and necessary for the hardening of bones.

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who is paul wesley?

a really ugly actor from The Vampire Diaries

<p>a really ugly actor from The Vampire Diaries</p>
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