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46 Terms

1

AIDS

It is a serious and most often fatal communicable disease of the immune system transmitted through body fluids like blood, plasma and mucous usually by blood transfusion, sexual contact, and use of contaminated syringe

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2

Alcohol

a gateway drug which depresses the central nervous system. It is an active ingredient in beverages like brandy, beer, rum and wine

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3

Cancer

malignant growth or tumor caused by abnormal and uncontrolled cell reproduction. It may spread to other parts of the body through the lymphatic system or the blood.

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4

Cardiovascular disease

disease of the heart and blood vessels

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5

Childhood meningitis

communicable disease characterized by inflamed meninges (the tissues that surround the brain and spinal cord) caused by bacteria with symptoms like headache nausea, fever, and stiff neck

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6

Communicable disease

any disease transmitted from one person to another by direct or indirect contact

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7

Diabetes

a non-communicable disease characterized by abnormally high blood sugar levels with symptoms like excessive urination and persistent thirst

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8

Health issues

any of the important statements in health that is in dispute and must be settled

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9

Health trend

any general tendency to change in health concepts, information, skills, and values.

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10

Hepatitis

inflammation of the liver caused by a micro-organism or a toxin

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11

HIV

stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus, which causes the Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome

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12

Hypertension

a disorder in the artery which makes blood pressure abnormally high

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13

Gender

the attributes which distinguishes a person on the basis of reproductive roles

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14

Global health

the health of the world as a whole; the area of study, research and practice which gives priority on improving and achieving equal health for all people worldwide

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15

Global health initiative

a program or strategy which addresses global health issues, concerns, and trends

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16

Immunization

the act of making a person immune from certain diseases

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17

Influenza

an acute communicable disease characterized by high fever that lasts for days, nausea, body pains, and fatigue that lasts for days

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18

Information

and communication technology the integration of information and communication technology with the use of media like computers and other telecommunication devices

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19

Malaria

a communicable disease caused by plasmodium parasites transmitted through mosquito bites; characterized by chills and fever

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20

Malnutrition

insufficient or excessive intake of food and nutrients; inability to absorb food properly

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21

Maternal health

the health of women during pregnancy, childbirth, and postpartum period.

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22

MDG

also known as the Millennium Development Goals; are eight goals of the United Nations to address global health issues and concerns.

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23

Mosquito-borne disease

a communicable disease transmitted by mosquitoes

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24

Multi-drug-resistance

a condition enabling disease-causing micro-organisms to resist drugs and medicines

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25

Non-communicable disease

disease not transmitted through direct or indirect contact and non-infectious

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26

Non-renewable energy

energy from a source that is not sustainable as it takes billions of years to form; e.g. fossil fuels like oil, coal, and natural ga

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27

Obstetric-gynecology

a branch of medical science which specializes in treating diseases of the female reproductive organs and delivering babies

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28

Pneumonia

disease of the respiratory system characterized by inflammation of the lungs caused by bacteria, virus, or irritants

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29

Postnatal

occurring after birth or delivery

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30

Poverty

the state of having no money and personal properties; living below minimum economic and social standards

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31

Renewable energy

energy from a sustainable source like geothermal, water, solar, and wind

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32

Reproductive health

the state of physical, mental, emotional and social wellbeing in all matters related to the reproductive system throughout life

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33

Respiratory disease

disease of the respiratory system including the upper respiratory tract, the nerves and the muscles surrounding it

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34

Stroke

the loss of brain function due to lack of or disturbance in the normal blood supply to the brain

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35

Tobacco

the leaves of the tobacco plant which are dried and prepared for smoking or ingestion

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36

Tuberculosis

infection of the lungs but may also occur in other body parts as caused by a bacteria which causes lesions (cut or break in tissue)

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37

Vaccine

a substance consisting of weakened or dead pathogenic cells injected to stimulate production of antibodies against a disease or a group of infections

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38

Yellow fever

a fatal communicable disease affecting the liver and kidneys transmitted by mosquito bites and common in tropical countries

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39

Department of Health

DOH

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40

Framework Convention on Tobacco Control

FCTC

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41

International Committee of the Red Cross

ICRC

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42

Tuberculosis – Directly Observed Treatment Short Course

TB-DOTS

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43

United Nations

UN

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44

United Nations Development Plan

UNDP

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45

World Bank

WB

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46

World Health Organization

WHO

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