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Theological Theme: The Old Testament

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Theological Theme: The Old Testament

The glory of God in His reign

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Theological Theme: 1–2 Kings

The KING’S Kingdom

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3

Theological Theme: 1–2 Chronicles

God’s Relationship with His People

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4

Theological Theme: Ezra

God Rebuilds His Nation

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5

Theological Theme: Nehemiah

God Stabilizes His Nation

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6

Theological Theme: Esther

God is Hidden but Active

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7

Theological Theme: Job

The Question of Theodicy

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8

Theological Theme: Psalms

Worship to the King

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9

538 BC -- led by Zerubbabel and Joshua/Jeshua (Ezra 1-6)

The 1st wave of post-exilic return to the land

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10

458 BC -- led by Ezra (Ezra 7-10)

The 2nd wave of post-exilic return to the land

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445 BC -- led by Nehemiah (Nehemiah 1-13)

The 3rd wave of post-exilic return to the land

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12

722 BC

When the Northern Kingdom was exiled

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13

605 BC

When the 1st wave of the Southern Kingdom was exiled by Babylon

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14

597 BC

When the 2nd wave of the Southern Kingdom was exiled by Babylon

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15

586 BC

When the 3rd wave of the Southern Kingdom was exiled by Babylon

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16

Solomon prays for a listening heart

1 Kings 3:9

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17

The fear of Yahweh is wisdom, and to turn away from evil is understanding

Job 28:28

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18

For Ezra has set his heart to study the law of Yahweh and to practice it, and teach his statute and judgement in Israel

Ezra 7:10

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19

see I have taught you statutes and judgements just as Yahweh my God commanded me - you shall keep them and do them, for that is your wisdom and understanding

Deuteronomy 4:5-8

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20

Kiss the son, lest he become angry, and you perish in the way, for his wrath may soon be kindled. How blessed are all who take refuge in him!

Psalms 2:12

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21

Write this in a book as a memorial and recite it in Joshua’s hearing, that I will utterly blot out the memory of Amalek from under heaven

Exodus 17:14

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22

Jehoiada

The priest who led the revolt against Athaliah, put her to death, and put Joash on the throne

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23

Athaliah

Tries to kill off the Davidic line and kills them all except one (grandma from Hell)

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24

Jezebel

wife of Ahab - foreigner - super evil

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25

Ahab

evil incarnate - more evil than all the others - washes Northern Kingdom in apostasy - has the contest with Elijah between Baal and Yahweh

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26

Joash

the one person Athaliah couldn’t kill - has an awesome reign because of Jehoiada, but when he dies they forsake Yahweh and embrace idolatry

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27

Hezekiah

open and restores the temple

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28

Josiah

Yahweh postponed judgment because of him - devoted to Yahweh - rebuilds temple, covenant renewal ceremony, passover renewal

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29

Elijah

demonstration of God’s mighty power with the contest with Ahab - speaks on God’s behalf, not other way around - not THE prophet greater than Moses

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30

Elisha

his ministry deals with conquest - new defense for the nation

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31

Manasseh

symbol of redemption - led Judah to do evil, but prays and repents

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32

Cyrus

the king that releases Israel from exile

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33

Uzziah

becomes proud, tries to burn incense in the temple and gets leprosy

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34

Rehoboam

son of Solomon that forsakes Yahweh

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35

Jehu

goes on a rampage and throws Jezebel out a window - prophecy in 2 Kings 10:30 about his family

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36

Corporate solidarity

one for the many (works for the positive and the negative)

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37

The exile

a worldview-shattering event

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38

The Davidic covenant

1 Chronicles 17 - unilateral - infinity gauntlet (combines all other covenants)

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39

Where the temple was built:

built on Mt Moriah on the threshing floor of Ornan, in Jerusalem

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40

What the temple symbolizes:

symbol of God’s relationship with his people (designed to look like the Garden of Eden)

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41

Inside of the temple:

God’s presence is present to provide (golden altar for atonement)

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42

outside of the temple:

giant basin of water (12,000 gallons) held by 12 oxen (12 tribes of Israel) - fate of the entire world is up to Israel - international impact

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43

the genealogies in 1 Chronicles 1-9:

highlight reel of God’s love and faithfulness

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44

Ezra’s genealogy in Ezra 7

descendent of Phineas

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45

Why Nehemiah cared about rebuilding the walls of Jerusalem

flag/patriotic - represents the nation

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46

Haman’s death and his sons’ deaths in the book of Esther

finally killed all the Amalekites (as promised in Exodus 17)

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47

Why God’s name never appears in the book of Esther

omission of God’s name is deliberate - even though we don’t always get to see it, God is still active

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48

Esther and Mordecai remain in Persia

should be in Israel at this point (between the 1st and 2nd wave of returners) - identifying with the pagans

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49

imprecatory Psalms

praying against someone - not about personal vendettas

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50

Melchizedek in Psalm 110:4

the proof that the offices of king and priest can be merged into one person

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51

Israel is a:

theocracy

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52

Ezra - “vertical”

Nehemiah - “horizontal”

Ezra rebuilds the temple (continues Chronicles)

Nehemiah rebuilds the walls and gates (continues Kings)

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53

Elijah’s ministry and the type of power he displays

deals with the depth of God’s power

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54

Elisha’s ministry and the type of power he displays

deals with the breadth of God’s power

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55

The Psalms as wisdom literature and what it does on a macro level in relation to Deuteronomy 4:5–8

connected to the Mosaic covenant - declaration through the Mosaic Covenant that Israel has wisdom

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56

wisdom

the ability to take the full counsel of God’s word and apply it rightly to any given situation

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57

grace is Psalm 107

when God intervenes unilaterally - God alone acts decisively and definitively for your benefit

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58

General revelation in Psalm 19

what’s been revealed in our created realm

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59

Special revelation in Psalm 19

what God reveals directly to us through scripture

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60

Synonymous parallelism

same thing from a different angle

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61

antithetical parallelism

opposite things from 2 different angles

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62

synthetic parallelism

one idea building on top/escalating

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63

Chiasm

highlights and supports the center

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64

4 applications of scripture:

1: worship and awe

2: to know

3: responding to God’s character

4: worldview

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65

Yahweh rules by His WORD

how Yahweh rules in 1-2 Kings

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66

what Baal was famous for controlling:

rain, fire, life/death

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67

The prophecy of 2 Kings 10 concerning Jehu’s dynasty

only 4 sons from the line of Jehu will sit on the throne of the Northern Kingdom (ticking time bomb)

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68

Assyria

nation that exiled the Northern Kingdom

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69

Southern kingdom (Judah):

what kingdom 1-2 Chronicles focuses on:

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70

1st: forgiveness (7:21)

2nd: a mediator (9:33)

3rd resurrection (14:14)

Job’s first, second, and third wish and what chapters they occur in

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71

premodern, modern, postmodern

The cycles/rounds of debates in Job

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72

Courtroom style

Eliphaz: historian

Bildad: scientist

Zophar: philosopher

Elihu: theologian

How Eliphaz, Bildad, Zophar, and Elihu argue

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73

How the book of Ezra ends

sin makes everything complicated - choose between sin or more sin (illegal divorces)

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74

how the book of Nehemiah ends

Israel is knee deep in paganism - the book demands something more …

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75

Nehemiah

Which book(s) mark the end of the Old Testament timeline?

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76

When were a majority of the Psalms written?

majority written in the time of King David (by David)

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77

Psalms of Lament

most common Psalm - accompanied by a hinge - don’t forget who God is

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78

what David is meditating on in Psalm 29:

A thunderstorm

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79

The historical context behind the Psalms of Ascents in Psalms 120–134

would have been sung when an Israelite was on their journey to Jerusalem - multiple journeys: passover, feast of booths, pentecost, etc

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80

What David has ultimate confidence toward in Psalm 16:9-10

David has ultimate confidence in the resurrection

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81

Messianic

Psalm 2 and Psalm 110 are:

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82

Full context of Psalm 22

dealing with Davids suffering or the Messiah’s suffering? - could not be talking about anything other than the Messiah - not just suffering by persecutor, but by God’s hand (execution) - implies resurrection

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83

inspired

the superscripts in the Psalms are:

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84

structure of Esther and what is highlighted:

CHIASTIC -- the fall of Hamon and rise of Mordecai

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