GEO test notes

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GDP per capita

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Tags and Description

Geography

8th

40 Terms

1

GDP per capita

The total GDP of a country divided by the number of citizins in that country (average inome in a country)

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2

LEDC

Less Economically Developed Countries

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3

MEDC

More Economically Developed Countries

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4

NIC

Newly Industrial Countries

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5

GDP Gross Domestic Product

The total value of all products and services produced by a country

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6

Life expectancy

the expected age a person is going to reach in a country

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7

Primary Sector

Working with the raw materials of the earth

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8

Secondary Sector

Making a product turning raw materials into a finished product

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9

Tertiary Sector

Providing a service

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10

Employment

Having a job

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11

Development

Level of Growth and change

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12

Poverty cycle

A cycle where LDC life in and is hard to break

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13

Infant mortality rate

The % of deaths in 1,000 Babies under the age of 1

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14

Human Development Index

A index where you can see the level of development between countries

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15

Literacy Rate

The % of people that can read and write

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16

Basic necessities

The basic things a human needs to survive

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17

Immigrant

A person from a country that is living in a different country

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18

Emigrant

A person who has left their own country to live in another country

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19

Migration

Moving from one country to another country to live

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20

Absolute Poverty

not having the basic things a human needs to survive

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21

Regional disparity

Uneven difference in development regions

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22

The North

old name to describe the rich part of the world

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23

The South

Old name used to describe the poor part of the world

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24

Rural-urban migration

moving to an urban city from the countryside

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25

Slums

An area where the living conditions are very poor, low quality housing

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26

Economic migration

choosing to move to improve the standard of living by gaining a better paid job.

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27

Wealth

The amount of money someone has

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28

Indicator

It needs to be measure that you can use to measure things with/ a factor

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29

Education

Getting knowledge

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30

Healthcare

The prevention of illness and taking care of people

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31

Famine

A situation where someone suffers from lack of food

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32

Corruption

The abuse of power

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33

Integration

The process of mixing and becoming a new society

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34

Informal sector

A job where the employment are not registered and does not have to pay tax

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35

Unfair trade

When one trading part is not fairly treated

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36

Civil wars

A war between groups in a country

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37

Relative poverty

Poverty is the condition in which people lack the minimum amount of income needed in order to maintain the average standard of living in the society in which they live.

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38

Sanitation

Facilities that make it healthier to live such as running water and flushing toilets

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39

Neo-colonialism

a new form of colonialism in which poor countries are still dependent on rich countries for certain things e.g. trade

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40

Protectionism

when countries protect their own economic market by banning or restricting with taxes on foreign goods.

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