Islam Final

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77 Terms

1

atheist

no god

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2

monotheist

one god

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3

polytheist

more than one god

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4

agnostic

unknown, possibility of god(s)

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5

henotheist

one central god but belief in multiple

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6

allah

god, same as christianity and judaism

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7

tawhid

oneness of god

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8

shirk

sin of idolatry, polytheism

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9

Fore-...

fore-willing, fore-knowing, and fore-loving

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10

abd

slave, servant, worship

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11

khalifa

ruler, leader

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12

huzn

grief, sadness

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13

ghafla

sin of forgetting allah or not acknowledging him

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14

taqwah

fear of god, being conscious of god

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15

torah

first five books of the old testament

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16

injil

gospel (Jesus)

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17

qur'an

islamic scripture

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18

vedas

hindu scriptures

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19

rasul

islamic prophet (moses, jesus, muhammad)

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20

jinn

genies

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21

shaytan

evil spirits

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22

iblis

satan

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23

yawm-al-din

judgement day

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24

al-jannah

final heaven of the righteous

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25

al-jahannam

hell for grave sins

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26

five pillars

shahadah, salat, zakat, sawm, hajj

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27

the shahadah

there is no god but god and muhammad is the messenger of god

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28

salat

5 daily prayers

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29

zakat

yearly tax

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30

sawm

fasting during ramadan

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31

hajj

pilgrimage to mecca

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32

imam

prayer leader

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33

ka'aba

the sacred temple in mecca

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34

hadith

collection of sayings and actions of muhammad

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35

ijma

agreement to follow islamic law

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36

halal

food muslims are allowed to eat

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37

haram

forbidden food

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38

jihad

struggling against sin, purifying yourself

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39

Muhammad birthdate

570

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40

muhammad's first wife

khadijah, married in 595

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41

laylat-al-qadr

the revelation

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42

year of sorrows

death of khadijah and abu talib

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43

laylat-al-mi'raj

night journey, with jibril and buraq

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44

muhammad death date

632

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45

rashidun

first 4 to succeed muhammad (abu bakr, umar, uthman, ali)

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46

a'isha

muhammad's third and youngest wife, spread muhammad's message after his death

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47

second caliphate, under umar, 661-750

umayyad

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48

third caliphate, under uthman, 750-1258

abbasid

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49

756-1492

al-andalus

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50

1035-1250

seljuks

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51

969-1187

fatimid

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52

the reconquest

political expansion, christian states expelling muslims from the iberian peninsula, 718-1492

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53

crusades

religious wars, 1096-1291

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54

1258

mongol invasion

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55

A muslim empire based in turkey, 1300 to 1922.

ottoman empire

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56

1501-1736

safavid

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57

1526-1858

mughal

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58

aya, sura

verse, chapter

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59

hanging odes

winning poems from an ukaz market hung in the ka'aba, mu'allaqut

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60

karim

noble, generous, one of the names of god

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61

structure of pre-islamic odes (qasidas)

60-100 lines with the same end rhyme, often written in praise of a nobleman

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62

qiyas

comparison of the qur'an and hadith

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63

ulama

interpreter of islamic law and knowledge

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64

role of women in islam

be modest, responsible for children, equal to men

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65

ijtihad

reasoned interpretation of sacred law by a qualified scholar

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66

ahl-al-kitab

people of the book (jews and christians)

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67

da'wa

calling people to islam

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68

dhimmi

people of the book, allowed to practice their religion in an islamic state

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69

jizya

tax on dhimmis

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70

1948

pakistan-india partition, expulsion of the british

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71

1945

indonesia independence movement

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72

1957

malaysia independence movement

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73

1954-1962

north africa independence movement

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74

exclusivist

belief that only your way is right

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75

inclusivist

belief in your religion but realise you can learn from all religions

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76

abstainist

religion is too scary to commit to

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77

relativist

there is little truth to each religion so it is not important

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