Ethics Test 2

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Ignorance

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Ignorance

According to plato, the cause of moral evil and personal unhappiness is ____________

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2
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Avarice

In the development of an oligarchic character, one experiences a transition from ambition to _________ as the dominant motivating force in life.

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Philosopher ruler

Plato’s ideals moral personality type is exemplified by the ____________ _________

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Spirit

The faculty of the soul having success, glory, and honor as target objects is called __________

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Appetite

The faculty of the soul which aims at goals like sexual gratification and the accumulation of material possessions is called ____________

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Master passion

The tyrannical character is driven by a __________________

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Tripartite

Plato conceptualizes the human soul in terms of a three part or _____________ division.

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Self-realization ethics

The fact that Plato focuses on matters of developing personal character and states of mental being makes his moral theory a type of _______________________

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Appearance

Ignorance causes us to confuse ____________ with reality.

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Tyrannical character

The most unhappy and corrupt personality type for plato is the ____________________

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Teleology

The doctrine of ____________ holds that things develop along the lines of the purposes for which they were designed.

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Knowledge

The object of reason is ______________

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Inner peace

Tranquility or _______________ is a major goal of self-realization

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Democratic character

The ____________ makes no distinction between necessary and unnecessary desires.

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Disorder

Disharmony or _____________ of the soul produces unhappiness in the individual.

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Timarchic character

The __________________ has spirit as the dominant motivational force in life.

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Oligarchic character

Money, profit seeking, and acquisitiveness are essential ingredients in the _________________

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Idols of worship

Money, sex, drugs, alcohol, fame, glory, and honor are all _______________________

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Reason

The faculty of __________ is the controlling factor in the ideal moral personality.

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Ambition

Having ___________ may be essential in success, but it does not guarantee economic security

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Teleologist

A philosopher who determines the goodness or rightness of some action or person by reference to ends and purposes could be described as a __________

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Instrumentally

Actions performed for the sake of something else are _____________ valuable.

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Intrinsically

Actions performed for their own sake are _____________ valuable.

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Honor

The statesman’s life is one based on a pursuit of __________

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Happiness

Aristotle contends that both the masses and men of culture agree that ____________ is the ultimate end of humankind.

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Special function

One can determine the ultimate good of anything by making reference to its ___________________

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Virtues

Courage, modesty, and righteous indignation are all examples of __________

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States of character

Living the good life, for Aristotle, is less concerned with following rules and principles and more concerned with cultivating appropriate ____________________

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The golden mean

If one lived one’s life in moderation, avoiding excess and deficiency, one would live according to _____________________

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Intellectual, moral

There are two types of virtue: ___________ and __________

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