Arch 351 Exam 1 Terms

studied byStudied by 8 people
5.0(1)
get a hint
hint

Mandala

1 / 36

Tags and Description

Architecture

37 Terms

1

Mandala

A magic diagram of the cosmos made from overlaid geometric patterns, used throughout India as the basis for the plan of monumental religious structures. eg. Angkor Wat, Cambodia, 1130

New cards
2

Gopura

A monumental gateway into a Hindu temple. eg. Rajarajesvara, Thanjavur, India ca. 1000

New cards
3

Shikhara

A pyramidal tower built over the sanctuary (garbha griha) of a Hindu temple. eg. Rajarajesvara, Thanjavur, India ca.1000; feature of hindu temples; Lakshmana Temple, Khajuraho 945; Kadariya Temple, Khanjuraho, India, 1020

New cards
4

Quibla

The prescribed Muslim alignment to Mecca to which all mosques and tombs are oriented. eg. Great Mosque, Cordoba, Spain 785-990; Koutoubia Mosque, Marrakech, Morocco, ca 1150

New cards
5

Sahn

The open courtyard of an Islamic building. eg. Great Mosque, Cordoba, Spain 785-990

New cards
6

Minaret

A tall, slender tower at a mosque, from which the faithful are called to prayer by the crier, or muezzin. eg. Koutoubia Mosque, Marrakech, Morroco, ca. 1150

New cards
7

Mihrab

A niche in the qibla wall of a Muslim religious building indicating the direction toward Mecca. eg. Great Mosque, Cordoba Spain 785-990; Koutoubia Mosque, Marrakech, Morroco, ca. 1150

New cards
8

Maksura

The screened-off area near the mihrab niche for the ruling elite in a royal mosque. eg. Great Mosque, Cordoba, Spain 750-990

New cards
9

Muqarnas

Honeycomb, or stalactite, decoration of a vault or overhang, usually made with plaster as a succession of small niches.

New cards
10

ablaq

Arabic term for alternating bands of colored stones in Islamic masonry, derived from Byzantine opus mixtum. eg. Great Mosque, Cordoba, Spain 750-990

New cards
11

westwork

The narthex, chapels, and twin towers set at the west entrance of Carolingian churches. Palace of Charlemagne, Aachen, Germany, ca.800, design Oto of Metz (Palace of Charlemagne, 792-804)

New cards
12

cloister

A monastery courtyard, usually planted, enclosed by a covered ambulatory. eg. Abbey of Cluny, France 909, 955-981, 1088-1130; Palace of Charlemagne, Aachen Germany, 792-804; Cathedral of Monreale, Sicily, Italy ,1150

New cards
13

Abbey

A Christian monastery or convent and its church. eg. Abbey of Cluny, France 909, 955-981, 1088-1130

New cards
14

Chevet

A series of radiating chapels extending from the apse of a Gothic church. eg. st. Foye, Conques, France 1060-1140

New cards
15

relic/reliquary

The body parts, clothing, or objects associated with a holy figure, such as the Buddha or Christ or a Christian saint.

A container for holding relics. eg. St Foye, Conques, France 1060-1140

New cards
16

tympanum

Half-round panel that fills the space between the lintel and arch over the doorway of the church. eg. St Foye, Conques, France 1060-1140

New cards
17

arcade

A series of arches on columns or piers , either freestanding or attached to a wall; A covered walk lined with shops and offices, lit from a glazed ceiling. Lower level of cathedrals. eg. Durham Cathedral, England, begun 1093

New cards
18

gallery

An upper story open on one side either to an interior space or to the exterior. In a church , the gallery runs above the side aisles and opens to the nave. Middle level in elevation in a cathedral. Durham Cathedral, England, begun 1093

New cards
19

clerestory

A window, usually in a series, disposed at an upper level , above head height. Upper level of windows in a romanesque cathedral. Durham Cathedral, England, begun 1093

New cards
20

nave

The taller central space in either an ancient Roman basilica or a Christian church lit by clerestories and flanked by aisles. eg. St. Foye, Conques, France, 1060-1140

New cards
21

aisle

A lateral division of a Christian church or an ancient Roman basilica running parallel to the central nave and separated from it by colonnades. eg. St Foye, Conques, France, 1060-1140

New cards
22

crossing

The intersection of the nave and the transept in a Christian church eg. St Foye, Conques, France, 1060-1140

New cards
23

transept

The transverse arms of a cross-shaped church , crossing the main axis at a right angle. eg. St Foye, Conques, France 1060-1140

New cards
24

chior

The part of a church where the singers sit, either incorporated with the chancel or directly in front of it. eg. St. Foye, Conques, France, 1060-1140

New cards
25

ambulatory

A processional passageway around a shrine or flanking the apse of a Christian church. eg. Palace of Charlemagne, Aachen, Germany, 792-804

New cards
26

Qasba (Casbah)

Major Street that straight through the middle of two palaces in Mamluk, Cairo

New cards
27

Iwan

A large vaulted space open at one end used in Islamic palaces, mosques, and madrasas.eg. Mosque-Madrasa of Sultan Hasan al-Naasir, Cairo 1350s

New cards
28

madrasa

An Islamic theological or law school. eg. Mosque-Madrasa of Sultan Hasan al-Naasir, Cairo 1350s

New cards
29

Greek cross

A cross with four arms of equal length , often used in the plan of Byzantine churches. eg. Piazza S. Marco, Venice, Itlay, 1063-1094, facade 12th- 13th c.

New cards
30

tracery

A pattern of curvilinear, perforated ornament within the upper part of a medieval window or screen. eg. Notre Dame Cathedral, Chartes, 1194-1225

New cards
31

bastide

A new town in southwest France, preplanned and often laid out on an orthogonal grid. eg. Carcassonne, Franc, rebuilt 1240s

New cards
32

rib vault

In Gothic cathedrals, the articulation of groin vaults (The cross-vault spanning a bay). eg. Durham Cathedral, England begun 1093; Abbey Church, St Denis 1130-1144

New cards
33

flying butress

An arch or half-arch that transfers the thrust of a vault or roof from an upper part of a wall to an external pylon. eg. Notre Dame Cathedra, Chartres, 1194-1225

New cards
34

narthex

The transverse vestibule of an early Christian church. eg. Abbey Church, St. Denis, 1130-1144

New cards
35

rayonnant

Late Gothic style in which structures were made of increasingly thin, branching members. eg. Nortre Dame Cathedral, Chartes, 1194-1225

New cards
36

banco

A wet-mud construction process, also called cob, in

which balls of mud are stacked in spirals.

New cards
37

hajj

The Muslim pilgrimage to Mecca that takes place in the last month of the year, and that all Muslims are expected to make at least once during their lifetime.

New cards

Explore top notes

note Note
studied byStudied by 25 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 22 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 233 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 2 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
note Note
studied byStudied by 7 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 6 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 3 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 180363 people
Updated ... ago
4.8 Stars(731)

Explore top flashcards

flashcards Flashcard44 terms
studied byStudied by 4 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard57 terms
studied byStudied by 8 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard67 terms
studied byStudied by 40 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard32 terms
studied byStudied by 3 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard37 terms
studied byStudied by 1 person
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard50 terms
studied byStudied by 10 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard246 terms
studied byStudied by 54 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
flashcards Flashcard64 terms
studied byStudied by 3523 people
Updated ... ago
4.9 Stars(48)