Unit 1 p.2

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Primogeniture

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33 Terms

1

Primogeniture

System of inheritance where the eldest son receives all property and titles.

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2

Queen Elizabeth

A.K.A the Virgin Queen, promoted England going to the New World.

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3

1588

English defeats the Spanish Armada

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4

1607

Jamestown, Virginia was founded.

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5

Virginia Company of London

A joint-stock company named after Queen Elizabeth (Virgin Queen) that financed Jamestown

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6

Starving Time

Destroyed the number of people in Jamestown, people ate shoes because of how hungry they were.

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7

John Smith

Acts as a leader in Jamestown and saves them from the Starving Time, he says “if you can’t work, you can’t eat” and made an alliance with the Powhatans who taught them to farm.

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8

Virginia House of Burgesses

First permanent English legislative (1619)

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9

Headright System

50 acres of land for every person that someone brought over.

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10

Martin Luther

Led the protestant reformation

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11

Seperatists

Also called pilgrims, wanted to seperate from the Puritans.

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12

Mayflower Compact

“Majority Rules” document, this has impacted today’s democracy.

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13

John Winthrop

Leader of Massachusetts Bay Colonies

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14

William Bradford

Leader of Plymouth (1920)

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15

What group of natives is the reason we celebrate Thanksgiving? **

The Wampanoag (led by Cheif Massasoit) helped the pilgrims out which is why we celebrate Thanksgiving.

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16

(T/F) Plymouth was bigger than Massachusetts Bay?

True

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17

(T/F) A minister COULD have a political position?

False

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18

Roger Williams

A guy from Mass. Bay who said that instead of stealing the land from the natives they should have bought it, was exiled to Rhode Island (Rogue’s Island)

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19

Anne Hutchinson

Believed that people should be able to interpret the Bible how they wanted, she was also exiled.

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20

Who led New Hampshire? **

John Wheelwright

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21

Who led Connecticut **

Thomas Hooker

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22

Fundamental Orders

The first Constitution in the U.S.

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23

Lord Baltimore

Financed Maryland

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24

Importance of Chesapeake River?

Most civilizations were built around rivers because you need water for life, but this river also provided good conditions for growing tobacco and using it to transport things.

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25

Act of Toleration

(Maryland) All Christians and Catholics can own land

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26

Phase 1 of slavery (1619-1640)

Distinction between white & black people on documents, main thing is that not all slaves were sold permanently

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27

Phase 2 of slavery (1640-1660)

Slaves treated as slaves for life, a slave’s kid kept their parents status, and slaves often rebelled.

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28

Phase 3 of slavery

Slavery started to be regulated by law because of the rebellions. Now slaves were legally bound for life.

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29

2 reasons why slavery replaced indentured servants

  1. Difficult to import servants

    1. Royal African’s monopoly on slaves fell and now rival companies shipped to the Americas for a much cheaper price.

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30

What happened to the slave population in the Americas?

It increased a lot.

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31

Who wrote the Fundamental Constitutions of Carolina **

John Locke and Anthony Cooper

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32

What were the advantages to using slaves for rice farming?

  1. Immune to malaria

  2. 15% of them were already growing rice back in Africa so they have lots of expierence.

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33

Stono Rebellion **

(1739), 20 black people got guns and gathered 80 men and they went on a rampage killing 20 white people and burning 7 plantations until they were eventually killed.

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