Modern U.S history World War 2

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Benito Mussolini

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Unit 3 vocab

80 Terms

1

Benito Mussolini

Italian leader. He founded the Italian Fascist Party, and sided with Hitler and Germany in World War II. In 1945 he was overthrown and assassinated by the Italian Resistance.

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2

Fascism

A political system headed by a dictator that calls for extreme nationalism and racism and no tolerance of opposition

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3

Vladimir Lenin

Leader Russia's Bolshevik movement.

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4

Joseph Stalin

Communist dictator of the Soviet Union

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5

Collectives

government owned farms

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6

Adolf hitler

German Nazi dictator during World War II

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7

Manchuria

The Chinese province invaded and overrun by the Japanese army in 1932

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8

Neutrality act of 1935

Outlawed arms sales or loans to nations at war

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9

Axis powers

Germany, Italy, Japan

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10

Neutrality act of 1936

Extended bans on arms sales and loans engaged on civil war

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11

Neutrality act of 1937

When Japan attacked china (ally of the U.S) it became more difficult to stay neutral

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12

Internationalism

The belief that nations must engage in international problem solving to prevent war

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13

Anschluss

Unification of Austria and Germany

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14

Sudetenland

an area in western Czechoslovakia that was coveted by Hitler

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15

Munich conference

Representatives of Britain, France and Italy met in Munich to talk about Hitler's expansion

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16

Appeasement at Munich

agreement permitting the Nazi German annexation of Czechoslovakia's Sudetenland

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17

Nazi-Soviet Pact

A secret agreement between the Germans and the Russians that said that they would not attack each other

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18

Blitzkrieg

lightning war

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19

Maginot line

A line of concrete fortifications, obstacles, and weapon installations built by France in the 1930s to deter invasion by Germany.

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20

Hermann Goering

German politician in Nazi Germany who founded the Gestapo and mobilized Germany for war

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21

Operation Dynamo

Evacuation of Dunkirk

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22

Winston Churchill

Prime Minister of Great Britain during WWII

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23

General Charles de Gaulle

led the Free French government

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24

Luftwaffle

German Air Force

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25

Shoah

Hebrew word for Holocaust meaning catastrophe

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26

Nuremberg Laws

established legal basis in Nazi Germany for discrimination against Jews.

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27

Joseph Goebbels

Chief minister of the Nazi propaganda, and organizer of Kristallnacht

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28

Kristallnacht

"Night of Broken Glass"

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29

Gestapo

German secret police

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30

Wannsee Conference

1942 conference in Germany concerning the plan to murder European Jews

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31

Concentration Camps

Healthy individuals would work here until death of exhaustion

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32

Extermination Camps

Nazi camps equipped with gassing facilities for mass murder of Jews

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33

Buchenwald

one of the first and largest Nazi concentration camps

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34

America First Committee

They wanted to protect America before we went to war in another country

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35

Lend-Lease Act

The laws passed by the U.S. allowing us to give aid to our Allies in early WWII

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36

Hemisphere Defense Zone

the entire western half of the Atlantic Ocean that Roosevelt declared as neutral territory

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37

Atlantic charter

Committed both nations to a postwar world or democracy, nonaggression, free trade, economic advancement and freedom

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38

Cost plus contracts

the government agreed to pay a company whatever it cost to make a product plus a guaranteed percentage of the costs as profit

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39

Henry Kaiser

built liberty ships

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40

War production board

To set priority and production goals

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41

Office of War Mobilization

cordinated all government agencies involved in the war effort

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42

442nd Regimental Combat Team

World War II unit made up of Japanese American volunteers

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43

Double V Campaign

African American strategy to defeat Hitler's racism abroad as well as racism at home

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44

Tuskegee Airmen

famous segregated unit of African-American pilots

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45

Oveta Culp Hobby

1st director of the Women's Army Auxiliary Corps.

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46

Women's army cops

Wanted as nurses, ambulance drivers and radio operators

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47

Chester Nimitz

Commander of American naval forces in the Pacific

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48

Douglas MacArthur

American general, who commanded allied troops in the Pacific during World War II.

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49

Bataan death march

Brutal march of American and Filipino prisoners by Japanese soldiers in 1942

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50

Corregidor

the fortified island which guarded the entrance to Manila Bay

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51

James Doolittle

Lieutenant colonel in command of the mission to bomb Tokyo

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52

Admiral Yamamoto

Planned the attack on Pearl Harbor

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53

General Erwin Rommel

German commander in North Africa

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54

Convoy system

a system in which merchant ships travel with naval vessels for protection

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55

A Philip Randolph

America's leading black labor leader who called for a march on Washington D.C. to protest factories' refusals to hire African Americans

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56

Bracero Program

Plan that brought laborers from Mexico to work on American farms

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57

Sunbelt

a new industrial region

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58

National housing agency

coordinated all government housing programs

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59

Zoot suit riots

a series of riots during which Mexican Americans were attacked by whites

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60

Zoot suit

Clothing worn by Mexican-Americans which used lots of material

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61

Victory suit

a men's suit with no vest, no cuffs, a short jacket, and narrow lapels, worn during World War II in order to save fabric for the war effort

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62

Fred Korematsu

Japanese-American who sued the United States for the relocating the Japanese-Americans after Pearl Harbor

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63

Casablanca conference

FDR and Churchill agree to step up the bombing in Germany

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64

Tehran Conference

meeting of the Big Three to discuss the final attack on Germany (met in Germany)

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65

D-day

Operation overboard (freeing France) largest amphibious operation in military history

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66

Omar Bradley

American general who led the ground forces at D Day

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67

Navajo code talkers

Native Americans from the Navajo tribe used their own language to make a code for the U.S. military that the Japanese could not desipher

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68

Amphtrac

amphibious tractor

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69

Guadalcanal

first U.S. land victory over the Japanese (death island)

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70

Kamikaze

Japanese suicide pilots

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71

Battle of the bulge

Hitlers one last desperate offensive where he was attacked by both sides

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72

V-E Day

Victory in Europe Day

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73

Harry S Truman

Became president when FDR died; gave the order to drop the atomic bomb

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74

Iwo Jima

One of the Bloodiest battles in the war, a fight to the death for Japanese soldiers, as the Americans were coming closer to Japan

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75

Napalm

A jellied gasoline used for bombs

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76

Manhattan project

A secret U.S. project for the construction of the atomic bomb.

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77

V-J Day

Victory in Japan

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78

United Nations

An international organization formed after WWII to promote international peace, security, and cooperation.

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79

Nuremberg trials

Trials of the Nazi leaders, showed that people are responsible for their actions, even in wartime

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80

Tokyo tribunal

Series of trials set up to try Japanese officers and officials for war crimes and crimes against humanity committed in World War II

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