Chapter 7 terms

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Community

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40 Terms

1

Community

is a group of people living in the same place or having a particular characteristic in common.

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2

Egalitarian

relating to or believing in the principle that all people are equal and deserve equal rights and opportunities.

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3

Consensus

a general agreement

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4

Theocracy

a system of government in which religion plays a central role.

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5

Pharaohs

the supreme leader in Ancient Egypt, known as the “great house” originally, the royal palace in ancient Egypt.

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6

Code of Hammurabi

a Babylonian legal code of 282 laws written in the18th century BCE. or earlier, instituted by Hammurabi and dealing with criminal and civil matters.

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7

Polis

a city state in ancient Greece, especially as considered in its ideal form for philosophical purposes.

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8

Acropolis

a citadel or fortified hilltop. A part of an ancient Greek city, typically built on a hill.

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9

Monarchy

A form of government with a monarch at the head

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10

Aristocracy

a form of government in which power is held by the nobility or meant by the rule of the few.

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11

Oligarchy

Greek for “Rule of the Few.” a small group of people having control of a country, organization, or institution / government by the few.

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12

Tyrants

An absolute ruler originating in ancient Greece who governs without restrictions, especially one who seized power illegally.

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13

Democracy

a system of government by the whole population or all the eligible members of a state, typically through elected representatives. Considered the “Rule of the Many”. Democracy can be direct or representative.

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14

Bureaucracy

a system of government in which most of the important decisions are made by state officials rather than by elected representatives.

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15

Government

the political system by which a country or community is administered and regulated.

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16

Autocracy

government in which one person possesses unlimited power. It is a form of dictatorship.

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17

Pericles

was an Athenian statesman who played a large role in developing democracy during the 400’s BCE in Athens and helped make it the political and cultural center of ancient Greece.

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18

Direct democracy

forms of direct participation of citizens in democratic decision making all citizens can vote on laws to be enacted.

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19

Classical art

Is renowned for its harmony, balance and sense of proportion.

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20

Tragedy

Branch of drama that treats in a serious and dignified style the sorrowful or terrible events encountered or caused by a heroic individual.

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21

Comedy

Professional entertainment consisting of jokes and satirical sketches, intended to make an audience laugh.

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22

peloponnesian war

Was awar fough in ancient Greece between Athen and Sparta-- the two most powerful city-state in ancient Greece at the time (431 to 405 B.C.E)

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23

Philosophers

A person who seeks wisdom or enlightenment

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24

Socrates

An accient Greek philosopher who studies the meaning of life

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25

Plato

Follower or student of the Socrates who is an ancient Athenian philosopher/ teacher of Aristotle

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26

Aristotle

Was a Greek philosopher and polymath during the classical period in Ancient Greece. Taught by Plato, he was the founder of the Lyceum, the peripatetic school of philosophy, and the Aristotelian traditions

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27

Republic

From the government in which a state is ruled by representatives of the citizen body

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28

Patricians

Would be the upper class, people such as wealthy land owners would be in the patricians group, an aristocrat or noblemen.

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29

Plebeians

Plebeians would be the lower class which would be normal people in Rome

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30

Tribunes

An official in ancient Rome chosen by the plebeians to protect their interests

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31

Consuls

An official appointed by a government to live in a foreign city and protect and promote the government´s citizens and interests there.

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32

Senate

Was the governing and advisory assembly of the aristocracy in the ancient Roman Republic

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33

Dictator/ Dictatorship

Form of government in which one person or a small group possesses absolute power without effective constitutional limitations

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34

Legions

A military organization, originally the largest permanent organization in the armies of ancient Rome.

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35

Punic Wars

Also called Carthaginian wars, (264-146 BCE), a series of three wars between the Roman Republic and the Carthaginian (Punic) empire, resulting in the destruction of Carthage the enslavement of it´s population, and roman hegemony over the western mediterranean.

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36

Hannibal

Was a Carthaginian general and statesman who commanded the forces of Carthage in their battle agianist the Roman Republic during the second Punic

war.

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37

Civil war

A violent conflict between a states and one or more organized non-state actors in the states territory.

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38

Julius Caesar

Was a roman general and politician who named himself dictator of the Roman empire, a rule that lasted less that one year before he was famously assassinated by political rivals in 44 BC. 6-8

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39

Augustus

Was one of ancient Rome´s most successful leaders who led the transformation of Rome from a republic to an empire.

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40

Pax Romana

Which literally means "Roman peace," refers to the time period from 27 B.C.E. to 180 C.E. in the Roman Empire. This 200-year period saw unprecedented peace and economic prosperity throughout the Empire, which spanned from England in the north to Morocco in the south and Iraq in the east.

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